The Lichtenstein open "tension-free" mesh repair of inguinal hernias.

Harbor-UCLA Research and Education Institute, USA.
Surgery Today (Impact Factor: 1.21). 02/1995; 25(7):619-25. DOI: 10.1007/BF00311436
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT All standard methods of hernia repair involve suturing together tissues which are not normally in apposition. This violates the basic surgical principle that tissue must never be approximated under tension and thus accounts for an unacceptable number of failures. A total reinforcement of the inguinal floor with a sheet of suitable biomaterial and the employment of a "tension-free" technique is a more effective approach. Since June 1984, 4,000 primary inguinal hernias have been repaired on an outpatient basis and under local anesthesia at the Lichtenstein Hernia Institute by the open "tension-free" technique using Marlex mesh. The patients were followed from 1 to 11 years by physician examination. The follow-up rate was 87%. There were four recurrences. The causes of recurrence and how to avoid them are herein discussed. Three of the recurrences occurred at the pubic tubercle and were caused by placing the mesh in juxtaposition to the tubercle. This error has since been corrected by overlapping the mesh at the pubic bone. One recurrence was caused by a disruption of the lower edge of the mesh from the shelving margin of Poupart's ligament. The error here was the utilization of a patch that was too narrow and therefore under tension. It became apparent that a wider patch, fixed in place with an appropriate degree of laxity, was required.

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    ABSTRACT: To compare a minimally invasive preperitoneal (MIP) single-layer mesh repair with the standard Lichtenstein hernia repair (LHR) for inguinal hernia in terms of operative characteristics, recovery, complications, recurrence and chronic pain.
    Hernia 09/2014; DOI:10.1007/s10029-014-1306-9
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    ABSTRACT: Lichtenstein hernia repair is a common surgical procedure and one of the first procedures performed by a surgical trainee. However, formal assessment tools developed for this procedure are few and sparsely validated. The aim of this study was to determine the reliability and validity of an assessment tool designed to measure surgical skills in Lichtenstein hernia repair. Key issues were identified through a focus group interview. On this basis, an assessment tool with eight items was designed. Ten surgeons and surgical trainees were video recorded while performing Lichtenstein hernia repair, (four experts, three intermediates, and three novices). The videos were blindly and individually assessed by three raters (surgical consultants) using the assessment tool. Based on these assessments, validity and reliability were explored. The internal consistency of the items was high (Cronbach's alpha = 0.97). The inter-rater reliability was very good with an intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) = 0.93. Generalizability analysis showed a coefficient above 0.8 even with one rater. The coefficient improved to 0.92 if three raters were used. One-way analysis of variance found a significant difference between the three groups which indicates construct validity, p < 0.001. Lichtenstein hernia repair skills can be assessed blindly by a single rater in a reliable and valid fashion with the new procedure-specific assessment tool. We recommend this tool for future assessment of trainees performing Lichtenstein hernia repair to ensure that the objectives of competency-based surgical training are met.
    Hernia 12/2013; 18(4). DOI:10.1007/s10029-013-1196-2
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    ABSTRACT: Inguinal hernia repair is one of the most common operations in general surgery. The Lichtenstein tension-free operation has become the gold standard in open inguinal hernia repair. Despite the low recurrence rates, pain and discomfort remain a problem for a large number of patients. The aim of this study was to compare suture fixation vs. fibrin sealing by using a new monofilament PTFE mesh, i.e., the Infinit(®) mesh by W. L. Gore & Associates. This study was designed as a controlled prospective single-center two-cohort study. A total of 38 patients were enrolled and operated in Lichtenstein technique either standard suture mesh fixation or fibrin-sealant mesh fixation were used as described in the TIMELI trial. Primary outcome parameters were postoperative complications with the new mesh (i.e., seroma, infection), pain, and quality of life evaluated by the VAS and the SF-36 questionnaire. Secondary outcome was recurrence assessed by ultrasound and physical examination. Follow-up time was 1 year. Significantly, less postoperative pain was reported in the fibrin-sealant group compared to the suture group at 6 weeks (P = 0.035), 6 months (P = 0.023), and 1 year (P = 0.011) postoperatively. Additionally, trends toward a higher postoperative quality of life, a faster surgical procedure, and a shorter hospital stay were seen in the fibrin-sealant group. Fibrin-sealant mesh fixation in Lichtenstein hernioplasty effectively reduces acute and chronic postoperative pain. Monofilament, macro-porous, knitted PTFE meshes seem to be a practicable alternative to commonly used polypropylene meshes in open inguinal hernia repair.