Dominant mutations in the type II collagen gene, COL2A1, produce spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia, Strudwick type.
ABSTRACT The chondrodysplasias are a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by abnormal growth or development of cartilage. Current classification is based on mode of inheritance as well as clinical, histologic, and/or radiographic features. A clinical spectrum of chondrodysplasia phenotypes, ranging from mild to perinatal lethal, is due to defects in the gene for type II collagen, COL2A1. This spectrum includes Stickler syndrome, Kniest dysplasia, spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia congenita (SEDC), achondrogenesis type II, and hypochondrogenesis. Individuals affected with these disorders exhibit abnormalities of the growth plate, nucleus pulposus, and vitreous humor, which are tissues that contain type II collagen. The Strudwick type of spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia (SEMD) is characterized by disproportionate short stature, pectus carinatum, and scoliosis, as well as dappled metaphyses (which are not seen in SEDC). The phenotype was first described by Murdoch and Walker in 1969, and a series of 14 patients was later reported by Anderson et al. The observation of two affected sibs born to unaffected parents led to the classification of SEMD Strudwick as an autosomal recessive disorder. We now describe the biochemical characterization of defects in alpha 1(II) collagen in three unrelated individuals with SEMD Strudwick, each of which is due to heterozygosity for a unique mutation in COL2A1. Our data support the hypothesis that some cases, if not all cases, of this distinctive chondrodysplasia result from dominant mutations in COL2A1, thus expanding the clinical spectrum of phenotypes associated with this gene.
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ABSTRACT: Dysspondyloenchondromatosis (DSC) is a rare skeletal dysplasia that has currently been classified into the group of spondylometaphyseal dysplasias. To date, only 12 affected individuals have been reported. All cases are sporadic, and the etiology remains unknown. Distinctive features of DSC are anisospondyly and enchondroma-like lesions in the metaphyseal and diaphyseal portions of the long tubular bones. Affected individuals usually develop kyphoscoliosis and asymmetric limb shortening at an early age. Interestingly, some of the skeletal changes overlap with spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia (SEMD) Strudwick type, a rare type II collagen disorder. Based on this resemblance we postulated that DSC may be allelic to SEMD Strudwick type and therefore performed a COL2A1 analysis in an affected boy who was diagnosed as having DSC at the age of 3 years. The identification of a novel heterozygous COL2A1 missense mutation (p.Gly753Asp) in the proband confirms our hypothesis and suggests that DSC may be another type II collagen disorder.Molecular syndromology 12/2011; 2(1):21-26. DOI:10.1159/000333098
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ABSTRACT: Research Center, Shriners Hospital for Children, Department of Molecular & Medical Genetics, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OregonAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 01/2006; 140(2):166-9. DOI:10.1002/ajmg.a.31029
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ABSTRACT: X-linked spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda is a skeletal dysplasia mainly affecting the vertebrae and epiphyses and commonly associated with the early development of degenerative joint disease. Radiographically the disorder is characterized by a typical hump-shaped deformity of the vertebral bodies. SEDT is caused by mutations in SEDL located on Xp22.12-p22.31. To further elucidate the spectrum of underlying variations we performed a screening of all 6 exons of SEDL within 13 European SEDT families and identified 6 new (c.99delC, c.183_184delGA, c.236-5_236-8delATTA, c.325delT, c.345_346delTG, c.94-?_423+?del) and 9 previously reported mutations (c.1-?_93+?del, c.93+5G>A, c.157_158delAT, c.210G>A, c.236-9_236-12delTTAA, c.267_275delAAGAC, c.324-4_324-10delTCTTTCCinsAA). The recurrent splice site alteration c.93+5G>A (formerly described as IVS3+5G>A) was detected in 3 unrelated families. Two patients were carrying 2 changes in the allele. In one case, a novel variation in exon 4 (c.99delC) was associated with several nucleotide deletions in intron 4 (c.236-5_236-8delATTA), and in the second case we identified a previously reported transition c.210G>A and a novel deletion in exon 6 (c.325delT). All sequence variations identified are either deletions of complete exons or predicted to result in a premature stop codon or to lead into splicing defects and are associated with a loss of considerable parts of the sedlin protein.Human Mutation 08/2004; 24(1):103. DOI:10.1002/humu.9254