Spectrophotometric assay for superoxide dismutase based on the nitroblue tetrazolium reduction by glucose-glucose oxidase

Department of Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Biochemistry and molecular biology international 08/1995; 36(3):633-8.
Source: PubMed


A new spectrophotometric assay of superoxide dismutase (SOD) is described. The assay is based on the SOD-mediated inhibition in the rate of nitroblue tetrazolium reduction to the blue formazan at alkaline pH. The optimized assay of SOD is performed in 50 mM glycine-NaOH buffer, pH 9.5, at 25 degrees C. The SOD concentration is determined from the V/v ratio of rates measured in the absence (V) or the presence (v) of SOD. One unit of SOD has been defined as the concentration that decrease the rate to 50% (V/v = 2). The assay is simple, sensitive, uses commercially available reagents, rapid and easy to perform and could be used routinely for monitoring superoxide dismutase levels in purified protein fractions.

61 Reads
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: XTT (3'-{1-[(phenylamino)-carbonyl]-3, 4-tetrazolium}bis(4-methoxy-6-nitro)benzenesulfonic acid hydrate) was reduced to a water-soluble product with an absorbance maximum at about 470 nm by superoxide anion generated by xanthine-xanthine oxidase (XO). The rate of XTT reduction was linearly related to XO activity and the reduction was inhibited by superoxide dismutase (SOD). A perfect inhibition of the reduction of XTT by SOD was achieved, suggesting that XTT does not interact with XO. The present XTT-based assay had a higher sensitivity than a conventional nitroblue tetrazolium-based assay by a factor of 2.5 at pH 10.2. This method was applicable to the SOD assay in the pH range 8.0-10.2.
    Analytical Biochemistry 10/1997; 251(2):206-9. DOI:10.1006/abio.1997.2273 · 2.22 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The dopaminergic neurotoxin N-methyl,4-phenyl-1,2,3,6 tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) causes a syndrome in primates and humans which mimics Parkinson's disease (PD) in clinical, pathological, and biochemical findings, including diminished activity of complex I in the mitochondrial electron transport chain. Reduced complex I activity is found in sporadic PD and can be transferred through mitochondrial DNA, suggesting a mitochondrial genetic etiology. We now show that MPTP treatment of mice and N-methylpyridinium (MPP+) exposure of human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells increases oxygen free radical production and antioxidant enzyme activities. Cybrid cells created by transfer of PD mitochondria exhibit similar characteristics; however, PD cybrids' antioxidant enzyme activities are not further increased by MPP+ exposure, as are the activities in control cybrids. PD mitochondrial cybrids are subject to metabolic and oxidative stresses similar to MPTP parkinsonism and provide a model to determine mechanisms of oxidative damage and cell death in PD.
    Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Basis of Disease 11/1997; 1362(1-1362):77-86. DOI:10.1016/S0925-4439(97)00070-7 · 4.88 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) reduction to formazan has been used as a marker for nitric oxide synthase (NOS). Since inducible NOS activity is elevated in urine from patients with urinary tract infections (UTIs), we investigated the accuracy of NBT reduction as an early predictor of UTIs and quantified the relationship between inducible NOS and NBT. Urine samples from 434 patients were screened for the presence of UTIs with leukocyte-esterase and nitrite dipsticks and with NBT reduction. The rapid screening results from each test were compared to urine culture results. In addition, NBT reduction parameters were measured in urine pellet at 595 nm after incubation with one of four factors: NOS cofactors, NOS inhibitors, NADH, or superoxide dismutase/catalase. As a urine screening test for UTIs, NBT reduction was more sensitive with a higher negative predictive accuracy than the nitrite dipstick. NBT reduction also was more specific with a higher positive predictive accuracy and negative predictive accuracy than the leukocyte-esterase dipstick. In infected urine pellet, both NADPH, a NOS cofactor, and NADH increased NBT reduction. Superoxide dismutase/catalase decreased NBT reduction. Although NOS may not be the only NBT reducing enzyme, rapid, visible reduction of NBT is induced in urine from patients with UTIs.
    Kidney International 11/1998; 54(4):1331-6. DOI:10.1046/j.1523-1755.1998.00102.x · 8.56 Impact Factor
Show more