Management of late corneal haze following photorefractive keratectomy
ABSTRACT Subepithelial corneal haze and myopic regression are potential complications following excimer photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). There are many medical and surgical methods of managing this haze. We present a 37-year-old male myope who underwent PRK and subsequently developed central corneal haze late in the postoperative course. The haze was managed initially with topical medications with limited success. Mechanical superficial keratectomy was done to remove the superficial scar tissue but the haze returned necessitating repeat excimer laser PRK, using a transepithelial technique. The haze did not recur. Both mechanical superficial keratectomy and repeat excimer laser ablation may ameliorate haze. Success of these procedures may depend on the morphology of the haze and the patient's individual wound healing response.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Peter S Hersh, Apr 01, 2015
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of the study is to measure regional distribution differences in corneal haze after excimer laser photorefractive keratectomy for high myopia. The authors developed computerized gradient edge detectors with which were analyzed digitized anterior slit-lamp photographs of 40 eyes, an average of 21.0 plus or minus 14.5 weeks after photorefractive keratectomy for high myopia (-6 to -22 diopters). A treated area an adjacent untreated area on the anterior corneal surface, each containing six regions, were quantified, and the difference was correlated with various parameters. Mean differences between scarred and clear areas for haze grade 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, and 4.0 were 16.9, 26.6, 42.6, 60.4, and 76.4 gray levels, respectively (rs = 0.96; P = 0.0001). A low but statistically significant correlation between the intended correction and postoperative corneal haze was found (r = 0.33; P = 0.037). The mean coefficient of variation of the amount of opacification within each treated area was 9.4%. This coefficient of variation increased with a longer follow-up time (r = 0.88; P = 0.0001). The difference in the intensity of haze between the center and more peripheral regions over the entrance pupil did not correlate with the attempted correction. However, a strong association between a relatively less severe central corneal haze with respect to more peripheral haze and longer follow-up time was found (r = -0.96; P = 0.0001). The amount of corneal haze showed a weak positive association with the attempted correction in excimer laser photorefractive keratectomy for high myopia. Corneal haze appeared fairly uniformly distributed within the ablation zone, but a more heterogeneous distribution was found with a longer follow-up time. Furthermore, later postoperative examinations disclosed a clear trend toward diminishing central opacification relative to peripheral regions over the entrance pupil.Ophthalmology 12/1996; 103(11):1970-8. DOI:10.1016/S0161-6420(96)30400-4 · 6.17 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of the study is to determine safety and efficacy outcomes of excimer laser photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) for the treatment of mild-to-moderate myopia. A prospective, multicenter, phase III clinical trial. A total of 701 eyes of 701 patients were entered in the study; 612 eyes were examined at 2 years after surgery. Intervention was photorefractive keratectomy using the Summit ExciMed UV200LA excimer laser (Summit Technology, Inc., Waltham, MA). The treatment zone diameter used was 4.5 mm in 251 eyes (35.8%) and 5 mm in 450 eyes (64.2%). Attempted corrections ranged from 1.50 to 6.00 diopters (D). Predictability and stability of refraction, uncorrected and spectacle-corrected visual acuity, refractive and keratometric astigmatism, corneal haze, contrast sensitivity, subjective reported problems of glare and halo, and patient satisfaction were the parameters measured. At 2 years, 407 (66.5%) eyes achieved 20/20 or better uncorrected visual acuity and 564 (92.5%) eyes achieved 20/40 or better visual acuity. Three hundred thirty-six (54.9%) eyes were within 0.5 D and 476 (77.8%) eyes were within 1.0 D of attempted correction. Stability of refraction improved with time; 86.8% of eyes were stable within 1.0 D from 6 to 12 months, 94% were stable from 12 to 18 months, and 96.3% were stable from 18 to 24 months. There was no evidence of progressive or late myopic or hyperopic refractive shifts. One hundred fourteen (18.6%) eyes gained 2 or more lines of spectacle-corrected visual acuity, whereas 42 (6.9%) eyes lost 2 or more lines; however, of the latter, 32 (76.2%) had spectacle-corrected visual acuity of 20/25 or better and 39 (92.9%) eyes had 20/40 or better. Four hundred forty-two (72.2%) corneas were clear, 138 (22.5%) showed trace haze, 20 (3.3%) mild haze, 9 (1.5%) moderate haze, and 3 (0.5%) marked haze. On patient questionnaires, 87 (29.7%) patients reported worsening of glare from preoperative baseline; 133 (50.1%) reported worsening of halo symptoms from baseline. Photorefractive keratectomy appears effective for myopic corrections of -1.50 to -6.00 D. Uncorrected visual acuity is maximized in most eyes by 3 months, although some patients require between 6 months and 1 year to attain their best postoperative uncorrected visual acuity and some may require from 1 to 2 years for stabilization of refraction. Refraction stabilizes progressively without evidence of late myopic or hyperopic refractive shifts. Optical sequelae of glare and halo occur in some patients treated with a 4.5- or 5-mm treatment zone.Ophthalmology 11/1997; 104(10):1535-53. DOI:10.1016/S0161-6420(97)30073-6 · 6.17 Impact Factor
- Survey of Ophthalmology 01/1998; 43(2). DOI:10.1016/S0039-6257(98)00027-7 · 3.51 Impact Factor