Management of late corneal haze following photorefractive keratectomy.
ABSTRACT Subepithelial corneal haze and myopic regression are potential complications following excimer photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). There are many medical and surgical methods of managing this haze. We present a 37-year-old male myope who underwent PRK and subsequently developed central corneal haze late in the postoperative course. The haze was managed initially with topical medications with limited success. Mechanical superficial keratectomy was done to remove the superficial scar tissue but the haze returned necessitating repeat excimer laser PRK, using a transepithelial technique. The haze did not recur. Both mechanical superficial keratectomy and repeat excimer laser ablation may ameliorate haze. Success of these procedures may depend on the morphology of the haze and the patient's individual wound healing response.
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate one-step topography-guided transepithelial ablation in the treatment of low to moderate myopic astigmatism using a 1KHz excimer laser. Retrospective study of 117 consecutive eyes available for evaluation 12 months after surgery. Pre- and post-operative visual and refractive data as well as post-operative pain and haze were analyzed. A novel technique integrating custom refractive- and epithelial- ablation in a single uninterrupted procedure was used. The mean pre-operative spherical equivalent (SE) and the mean cylinder were: -3.22 diopters (D) ±1.54 (SD) (range -0.63 to -7.25 D) and -0.77 D ±0.65 (range 0 to -4.50 D), respectively. At 12 months after surgery: no eyes lost ≥2 lines of corrected distant visual acuity (CDVA). Safety and efficacy indexes were 1.27 and 1.09, respectively. Uncorrected distant visual acuity (UDVA) was ≥20/20 in 96.6% of the eyes. Manifest refraction spherical equivalent was within ±0.5 D of the desired refraction in 93.2% of the eyes. Average root mean square (RMS) wavefront error measured at central 6 mm, increased from 0.38 pre-operatively to 0.47 µm post-operatively. Refractive stability was achieved and sustained 1 month after surgery. No visually significant haze was registered during the observation period. Post-operative pain was reported in 4.5% of patients. One-step transepithelial topography-guided treatment for low to moderate myopia and astigmatism performed with a 1 KHz laser, provided safe, effective, predictable and stable results with low pain and no visually significant haze.PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(6):e66618. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Cross-linking of corneal collagen (CXL) is a promising approach for the treatment of keratoconus and secondary ectasia. Several long-term and short-term complications of CXL have been studied and documented. The possibility of a secondary infection after the procedure exists because the patient is subjected to epithelial debridement and the application of a soft contact lens. Formation of temporary corneal haze, permanent scars, endothelial damage, treatment failure, sterile infiltrates, and herpes reactivation are the other reported complications of this procedure. Cross-linking is a low-invasive procedure with low complication and failure rate but it may have direct or primary complications due to incorrect technique application or incorrect patient's inclusion and indirect or secondary complications related to therapeutic soft contact lens, patient's poor hygiene, and undiagnosed concomitant ocular surface diseases.Journal of Ophthalmology 01/2011; 2011:869015. · 1.37 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To determine the natural history of collagen crosslinking (CXL)-associated corneal haze measured by Scheimpflug imagery and slitlamp biomicroscopy in patients with keratoconus or ectasia after laser in situ keratomileusis. Cornea and refractive surgery subpecialty practice, United States. Prospective randomized controlled clinical trial. The treatment group received ultraviolet-A/riboflavin CXL therapy. The control group received riboflavin alone without epithelial debridement. To objectively measure CXL-associated corneal haze, corneal densitometry using Scheimpflug imagery was measured and the changes in haze were analyzed over time. A similar analysis was performed using clinician-determined slitlamp haze. Correlation of CXL-associated corneal haze with postoperative outcomes was analyzed. The mean preoperative corneal densitometry was 14.9 ± 1.93 (SD) (Pentacam Scheimpflug densitometry units). Densitometry peaked at 1 month (mean 23.4 ± 4.40; P<.001), with little change at 3 months (mean 22.4 ± 4.79; P = .06) and decreased between 3 months and 6 months (19.4 ± 4.48; P<.001) and between 6 months and 12 months. By 12 months, densitometry had not completely returned to baseline in the entire cohort (mean 17.0 ± 3.82; P<.001) and the keratoconus subgroup; however, it returned to baseline in the ectasia group (16.1 ± 2.41; P = .15). The postoperative course of slitlamp haze was similar to objective densitometry measurements. Increased haze, measured by densitometry, did not correlate with postoperative clinical outcomes. The time course of corneal haze after CXL was objectively quantified; it was greatest at 1 month, plateaued at 3 months, and was significantly decreased between 3 months and 12 months. Changes in haze did not correlate with postoperative clinical outcomes.Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery 12/2010; 36(12):2105-14. · 2.75 Impact Factor