Interelectrode coherences from nearest-neighbor and spherical harmonic expansion computation of laplacian of scalp potential.
ABSTRACT Interchannel coherence is a measure of spatial extent of and timing relationships among cerebral electroencephalogram (EEG) generators. Interchannel coherence of referentially recorded potentials includes components due to volume conduction and reference site activity. The laplacian of the potential is reference independent and decreases the contribution of volume conduction. Interchannel coherences of the laplacian should, therefore, be less than those of referentially recorded potentials. However, methods used to compute the laplacian involve forming linear combinations of multiple recorded potentials, which may inflate interchannel coherences. WE compared 3 methods of computing the laplacian: (1) modified Hjorth (4 equidistant neighbors to each electrode), (2) Taylor's series (4 nonequidistant neighbors), and (3) spherical harmonic expansion (SHE). Average interchannel coherence introduced by computing the laplacian was less for nearest-neighbor methods (0.0207 +/- 0.0766) but still acceptable for the SHE method (0.0337 +/- 0.0865). Average interchannel coherence for simulated EEG (random data plus a common 10 Hz signal) was less for laplacian than for referential data because of removal of the common referential signal. Interchannel coherences of background EEG and partial seizure activity were less with the laplacian (any method) than with referential recordings. Laplacians calculated from the SHE do not demonstrate excessively large interchannel coherences, as have been reported for laplacians from spherical splines.
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ABSTRACT: Recent findings link fronto-temporal gamma electroencephalographic (EEG) activity to conscious awareness in dreams, but a causal relationship has not yet been established. We found that current stimulation in the lower gamma band during REM sleep influences ongoing brain activity and induces self-reflective awareness in dreams. Other stimulation frequencies were not effective, suggesting that higher order consciousness is indeed related to synchronous oscillations around 25 and 40 Hz.Nature Neuroscience 05/2014; · 15.25 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The authors developed a general mathematic algorithm to convert any montage (referential, bipolar, or Laplacian) to any other by linear transformation. Input and output montages are described by matrices, and singular value decomposition is used to find the linear transformation. An error signal can be calculated from the input data to monitor remontaging validity. This algorithm also identifies output channels that cannot be obtained from the specified input. The authors tested this algorithm using an instrument that retrieves digitally encoded EEG data from videotape and produces signals in referential or bipolar form. They obtained good agreement when they compared referential and Laplacian data derived from bipolar output with the same montages calculated from referential output for the same EEG segment.Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology 01/1997; 20(3):179-87. · 1.45 Impact Factor
Article: FRACTIONAL DELAY OF EEG SIGNAL[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The contribution compares various methods for the implementation of the EEG signal fractional delay block. The target of the application is to compensate the sampling instant time shift caused by the channel time multiplexing of the EEG signal AD conversion. Three methods to shift the signal are presented: linear and quadratic interpolation in the time domain as well as the DTFT application. Simple FIR filters are designed for the proposed methods and the best method is chosen for the EEG processing.