Interelectrode coherences from nearest-neighbor and spherical harmonic expansion computation of laplacian of scalp potential.
ABSTRACT Interchannel coherence is a measure of spatial extent of and timing relationships among cerebral electroencephalogram (EEG) generators. Interchannel coherence of referentially recorded potentials includes components due to volume conduction and reference site activity. The laplacian of the potential is reference independent and decreases the contribution of volume conduction. Interchannel coherences of the laplacian should, therefore, be less than those of referentially recorded potentials. However, methods used to compute the laplacian involve forming linear combinations of multiple recorded potentials, which may inflate interchannel coherences. WE compared 3 methods of computing the laplacian: (1) modified Hjorth (4 equidistant neighbors to each electrode), (2) Taylor's series (4 nonequidistant neighbors), and (3) spherical harmonic expansion (SHE). Average interchannel coherence introduced by computing the laplacian was less for nearest-neighbor methods (0.0207 +/- 0.0766) but still acceptable for the SHE method (0.0337 +/- 0.0865). Average interchannel coherence for simulated EEG (random data plus a common 10 Hz signal) was less for laplacian than for referential data because of removal of the common referential signal. Interchannel coherences of background EEG and partial seizure activity were less with the laplacian (any method) than with referential recordings. Laplacians calculated from the SHE do not demonstrate excessively large interchannel coherences, as have been reported for laplacians from spherical splines.
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ABSTRACT: Recent findings link fronto-temporal gamma electroencephalographic (EEG) activity to conscious awareness in dreams, but a causal relationship has not yet been established. We found that current stimulation in the lower gamma band during REM sleep influences ongoing brain activity and induces self-reflective awareness in dreams. Other stimulation frequencies were not effective, suggesting that higher order consciousness is indeed related to synchronous oscillations around 25 and 40 Hz.Nature Neuroscience 05/2014; · 15.25 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Introduction. Misconceptions about coherence and comodulation has hindered their simultaneous use in assessing electroencephalography (EEG). Coherence refers to phase synchrony, whereas comodulation refers to magnitude synchrony. Child and adult EEG data were analyzed for age functions to demonstrate coherence and comodulation differences.Method. Eyes closed resting EEG was analyzed for 101 children and adults between ages of 5 and 35 years (34 female, 67 male; M age = 17.5 years). Spectral analysis focused on site-centered connectivity of 10 frequency bands. Site-centered connectivity refers to averaged coherence or comodulation associated with a site, an estimate of its network traffic.Results. Site-centered coherence and comodulation increased with age for frequencies below 30 Hz in most sites. Age-related changes in anterior connectivity occurred for adults but not for children. The strongest age function was found for alpha comodulation at electrode site T5. Differences in coherence and comodulation results are also reported.Conclusion. Functional connectivity increases steadily with age. Anterior EEG connectivity increased during adulthood but not during childhood. This finding parallels previous research on anterior callosal myelination and suggests that EEG connectivity measures may in part reflect myelination patterns. A model that associates coherence and comodulation with feedforward and feedback activity of the brain is proposed. A Periodicity Table for creating new and potentially relevant psychophysiological coefficients was described.Journal of Neurotherapy 01/2008; 12(2-3):123-139.