Subsidence of tibial components in knee arthroplasty. A comparison between conventional radiography and roentgen stereophotogrammetry.
ABSTRACT To assess the ability of conventional radiography to identify subsidence of tibial components.
Forty-three cases of knee arthroplasty were followed for 4 years using roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis as the gold standard.
Roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis showed subsidence in all uncemented prostheses, whereas two thirds of the cemented prostheses subsided. Medially, the sensitivity of conventional radiography was low, 25%, whereas the specificity was 83%. For the other regions, the sensitivity was almost 100%, although the specificity was as low as 66% frontally and dorsally.
Medially, where most prostheses were inserted with a slight overhang, conventional radiography identified subsidence correctly. Laterally, frontally, and dorsally, however, conventional radiography overestimated the subsidence by a factor of 2 to 3. This error was caused by bony protrusions arising in the cranial direction from the uncovered bone surfaces, thus changing the points of reference. This problem arose more commonly in uncemented cases, whereas cement seemed to seal the bone.
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ABSTRACT: We report prospective clinical and radiographic outcomes of a series of 219 hydroxyapatite-coated Duracon (Stryker Howmedica Osteonics Corporation, Kalamazoo, Mich) total knee arthroplasties with a follow-up of 5 to 8 years. Knee Society Score, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis index (WOMAC), and SF-12 Health Status Questionnaire were used. Analysis of fluoroscopic radiographs was performed with the American Knee Society Score. All living patients (186 knees) were followed up. Twenty-eight patients (30 knees) had died. The preoperative Knee Society Score of 43.8 increased to 77.1 and the preoperative Function score of 20.3 increased to 63.4. WOMAC scores showed marked improvement (pain, 250 preoperatively to 157; stiffness, 115 preoperatively to 56; and function, 910 preoperatively to 588). There was no radiographic evidence of loosening or migration. Gaps visible at the bone-implant interface healed over the first year. Three prostheses were revised, 2 for deep infection and 1 for tibial tray subsidence. A survivorship of 98.6% has been achieved at 8 years. This intermediate-term study with 100% follow-up at 8 years demonstrates excellent clinical and radiographic outcomes. It is our opinion that these are comparable to the gold standard cemented total knee arthroplasties and may have advantages over other uncoated cementless designs.The Journal of arthroplasty 02/2008; 23(5):677-82. · 2.37 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: 40 patients with non-inflammatory arthrosis and minor preoperative deformity (< or =5 degrees ) were operated on with an AMK type (DePuy, Johnson & Johnson) total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The posterior cruciate ligament was retained. The patients were divided into those with a flat (terminology of the manufacturer: standard) or a concave (terminology of the manufacturer: constrained) polyethylene insert (20 in each group). Radiostereometric (RSA) examinations were done postoperatively and after 3,12 and 24 months. The median absolute rotations of the tibial inserts varied between 0.12 and 0.24 (range 0.00-1.54) degrees, with no differences between the 2 groups. The median maximum total-point motions (flat/concave = 0.41/0.42 mm), the maximum subsidence or lift-off did not differ. The Hospital for Special Surgery knee score and the patients' opinion about the operation, based on their preoperative expectations, showed little, if any, differences. At 2 years, 10 of 20 patients with flat and 13 of 19 with concave inserts regarded their knee function as normal or almost so.Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica 07/2001; 72(3):257-65.
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ABSTRACT: Mobile bearing (MB) total knee design has been advocated as a means to enhance the functional characteristics and decrease the wear rates of condylar total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, it is unclear if these designs achieve these goals. We asked whether function of patients or survivorship would be greater or complications would be lesser in groups of patients with MB compared with fixed bearing (FB) TKA. We also sought to describe retrieval findings. We randomized 507 primary TKAs in 416 eligible patients to receive MB (n = 252) or FB (n = 255) devices from November 2001 to August 2007 (Investigational Device Exemption G000180, ClinicalTrials.gov registration number NCT00946075). Patients were blinded to treatment allocation. WOMAC Index, SF-12 Health Survey, knee range of motion, and Knee Society scores were collected and compared preoperatively and at 6, 12, and 24 months postoperatively. We recorded device failures and complications until October 2009. Kaplan-Meier survivorship was compared using the log rank test. Twelve retrieved MB devices underwent pathologic analysis. The minimum postoperative time was 2.2 years (mean, 5.9 years; range, 2.2-7.9 years). We found no differences in mean clinical assessment scores or mean score changes from baseline at any postoperative interval through 2 postoperative years. Nineteen of the 252 MB and 13 of the 255 FB knees had undergone revision of any component. Estimated survival at 6 postoperative years was similar for the two devices: 90.1% (95% confidence interval [CI], 84.1-93.9) for MB and 94.2% (95% CI, 90.1-96.6) for FB. Two MB and no FB tibial components were revised for loosening. There was one case of MB insert dislocation. Retrieved MB devices demonstrated no unexpected wear or mechanical device failures. We found no evidence of functional advantage of the MB design. Survivorship was similar, although the study is limited by short duration of followup.Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 01/2012; 470(1):33-44. · 2.79 Impact Factor