Qualitative Research: Reaching the Parts Other Methods Cannot Reach: An Introduction to Qualitative Methods in Health and Health Services Research

Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Leicester.
BMJ Clinical Research (Impact Factor: 14.09). 08/1995; 311(6996):42-5. DOI: 10.1136/bmj.311.6996.42
Source: PubMed


Qualitative research methods have a long history in the social sciences and deserve to be an essential component in health and health services research. Qualitative and quantitative approaches to research tend to be portrayed as antithetical; the aim of this series of papers is to show the value of a range of qualitative techniques and how they can complement quantitative research.

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Available from: Nicholas Barron Mays, Jan 22, 2015
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    • "The study used qualitative research methods including in-depth interviews, focus group discussion and structured observation. 4 Qualitative research methods were used because they allow data to be collected in participants' own words (Pope and Mays 1995). The interviews and focus groups were conducted with four research assistants (two men and two women). "
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    ABSTRACT: This study utilised qualitative research methodology to explore female fish traders’ experiences of accessing microfinance in fishing communities in southern Malawi. Microfinance is a tool that has been used to alleviate poverty. People living in fishing communities in the Global South are at an increased risk of HIV and, equally, microfinance has been identified as a tool to prevent HIV. The authors' research found consistent testimonies of overly short microfinance loan-repayment periods, enforced by the threat of property confiscation. These threats, coupled with gendered power dynamics and the unpredictability of fish catches, left some female fish traders vulnerable to HIV.
    Review of African Political Economy 07/2015; 42(145):414-436. DOI:10.1080/03056244.2015.1064369 · 0.46 Impact Factor
    • "To gain the deeper understanding of the subjective aspects of the interaction between users and the STEP database, the qualitative approach was implemented with focus on user satisfaction (Pope and Mays, 1995). The open ended questions and the de-briefing sessions after the usability testing helped gain the feedback both on the technical failures as well as the user' attitudes to content, usefulness of the STEP database for paediatrics and acceptance of the database in scientific community . "
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    ABSTRACT: The user-designed database of Safety and Toxicity of Excipients for Paediatrics ("STEP") is created to address the shared need of drug development community to access the relevant information of excipients effortlessly. Usability testing was performed to validate if the database satisfies the need of the end-users. Evaluation framework was developed to assess the usability. The participants performed scenario based tasks and provided feedback and post-session usability ratings. Failure Mode Effect Analysis (FMEA) was performed to prioritize the problems and improvements to the STEP database design and functionalities. The study revealed several design vulnerabilities. Tasks such as limiting the results, running complex queries, location of data and registering to access the database were challenging. The three critical attributes identified to have impact on the usability of the STEP database included (1) content and presentation (2) the navigation and search features (3) potential end-users. Evaluation framework proved to be an effective method for evaluating database effectiveness and user satisfaction. This study provides strong initial support for the usability of the STEP database. Recommendations would be incorporated into the refinement of the database to improve its usability and increase user participation towards the advancement of the database. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    International Journal of Pharmaceutics 06/2015; 492(1-2). DOI:10.1016/j.ijpharm.2015.06.016 · 3.65 Impact Factor
    • "The study adopts an interpretive and hermeneutic approach to ideological and cultural categorizations of food and food waste. The methodology is qualitative and findings are drawn from relatively unstructured interviews (Pope and Mays 1995) allowing interviewees to talk freely (Richardson et al. 1965; Spradley 1979). The themes explored during interviews relate both to everyday practices (e.g. the ways in which households plan and shop for food; how they prepare and consume it; how they store it; and disposal of food that they do not eat) and more abstract issues such as feelings of guilt, ideology, food knowledge, and (dis)connection from/with food. "
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    ABSTRACT: The paper examines how Western consumers ideologically and culturally construct edibility, and discusses how this affects household food waste. Consumers' enactments of food waste range from hedonist to altruist ideologies, anchored in a continuum ranging from “disgust” to “duty” and “respect.” Furthermore, consumers' categorizations of food as edible or not depend on their self-enactment of competency, leading to internalization or objectification of such assessments. Finally, across altruistic and hedonistic ideologies, interviewees use procrastination in order to reduce feelings of guilt when throwing away food.
    Food Culture and Society An International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research 02/2015; 18(1):89-105. DOI:10.2752/175174415X14101814953963
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