Qualitative Research: Reaching the Parts Other Methods Cannot Reach: An Introduction to Qualitative Methods in Health and Health Services Research

Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Leicester.
BMJ Clinical Research (Impact Factor: 14.09). 08/1995; 311(6996):42-5. DOI: 10.1136/bmj.311.6996.42
Source: PubMed


Qualitative research methods have a long history in the social sciences and deserve to be an essential component in health and health services research. Qualitative and quantitative approaches to research tend to be portrayed as antithetical; the aim of this series of papers is to show the value of a range of qualitative techniques and how they can complement quantitative research.

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Available from: Nicholas Barron Mays, Jan 22, 2015
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    • "The study adopts an interpretive and hermeneutic approach to ideological and cultural categorizations of food and food waste. The methodology is qualitative and findings are drawn from relatively unstructured interviews (Pope and Mays 1995) allowing interviewees to talk freely (Richardson et al. 1965; Spradley 1979). The themes explored during interviews relate both to everyday practices (e.g. the ways in which households plan and shop for food; how they prepare and consume it; how they store it; and disposal of food that they do not eat) and more abstract issues such as feelings of guilt, ideology, food knowledge, and (dis)connection from/with food. "
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    ABSTRACT: The paper examines how Western consumers ideologically and culturally construct edibility, and discusses how this affects household food waste. Consumers' enactments of food waste range from hedonist to altruist ideologies, anchored in a continuum ranging from “disgust” to “duty” and “respect.” Furthermore, consumers' categorizations of food as edible or not depend on their self-enactment of competency, leading to internalization or objectification of such assessments. Finally, across altruistic and hedonistic ideologies, interviewees use procrastination in order to reduce feelings of guilt when throwing away food.
    Food Culture and Society An International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research 02/2015; 18(1):89-105. DOI:10.2752/175174415X14101814953963
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    • "Also, self-reporting may rest in some misclassification. However, this study used the triangulation method (Farmer et al. 2006; Pope and Mays 1995), using several tools to reinforce its validity. Future studies could analyze the evaluation of risk and psychological factors that can influence parental decision-making, in cases where there is a reappearance of a virus for which parents (and children) had already received a vaccine in the past. "
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    ABSTRACT: This study examines vaccination hesitancy or refusal following the 2013 polio outbreak in Israel, based on two theoretical models. The first is Sandman’s theoretical model, which holds that risk perception is comprised of hazard plus outrage. The second model is the affect heuristic that explains the risk/benefit confounding. It aims to expose the barriers that inhibited parental compliance with OPV vaccination for their children. The study employed mixed methods – a questionnaire survey (n = 197) and content analysis of parents’ discussions in blogs, Internet sites, and Facebook pages (n = 2499). The findings indicate that some parents who normally give their children routine vaccinations decided not to give them OPV due to lack of faith in the health system, concerns about vaccine safety and reasons specific to the polio outbreak in Israel. Some vaccinated due to a misunderstanding, namely, they believed that OPV was supposed to protect their children, when it was actually for overall societal well-being. This study highlights the difficulty of framing the subject of vaccinations as a preventive measure, especially when the prevention is for society at large and not to protect the children themselves. The findings of this study are important because they provide a glimpse into a situation that can recur in different places in the world where a disease considered to have been ‘eradicated’ returns, and the public is required to take measures which protect the public but which might put individuals at risk. The conclusions from the analysis of the findings of this study are that the public’s risk perception is based on a context-dependent analysis, which the communicating body must understand and respect.
    Journal of Risk Research 12/2014; DOI:10.1080/13669877.2014.983947 · 1.27 Impact Factor
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    • "Courses were normally delivered by two experienced DAFNE Educators – a diabetes specialist nurse and a dietitian. seeking to quantify an issue or test a pre-determined hypothesis, qualitative approaches aim to open up and explore new avenues of enquiry by using flexible, open-ended approaches which allow participants to raise and discuss the issues which they perceive as salient, including those unforeseen at the study's outset [15] [16]. As such, qualitative approaches provide a powerful and effective method of uncovering and exploring people's perspectives, understandings and experiences; in this particular instance, their experiences of using a bolus advisor. "
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    ABSTRACT: Aims We explored people's reasons for, and experiences of, using bolus advisors to determine insulin doses; and, their likes/dislikes of this technology. Subjects and methods 42 people with type 1 diabetes who had received instruction in use of bolus advisors during a structured education course were interviewed post-course and 6 months later. Data were analysed thematically. Results Participants who considered themselves to have poor mathematical skills highlighted a gratitude for, and heavy reliance on, advisors. Others liked and chose to use advisors because they saved time and effort calculating doses and/or had a data storage facility. Follow-up interviews highlighted that, by virtue of no longer calculating their doses, participants could become deskilled and increasingly dependent on advisors. Some forgot what their mealtime ratios were; others reported a misperception that, because they were pre-programmed during courses, these parameters never needed changing. Use of data storage facilities could hinder effective review of blood glucose data and some participants reported an adverse impact on glycaemic control. Discussion While participants liked and perceived benefits to using advisors, there may be unintended consequences to giving people access to this technology. To promote effective use, on-going input and education from trained health professionals may be necessary.
    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 12/2014; 106:443-450. DOI:10.1016/j.diabres.2014.09.011 · 2.54 Impact Factor
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