Herbimycin A induces the 20 S proteasome- and ubiquitin-dependent degradation of receptor tyrosine kinases.
ABSTRACT Herbimycin A is an ansamycin antibiotic isolated as an agent that reverses morphological transformation induced by v-src. Although herbimycin A is widely used as a tool for inhibiting multiple tyrosine protein kinases and tyrosine kinase-activated signal transduction, its mechanism of action is not well defined and includes a decrease in both tyrosine kinase protein levels and activity (Uehara, Y., Murakami, Y., Sugimoto, Y., and Mizuno, S. (1989) Cancer Res. 49, 780-785). We now show that herbimycin A induces a profound decrease in the total cellular activity of transmembrane tyrosine kinase receptors, such as insulin-like growth factor, insulin, and epidermal growth factor receptors. A substantial proportion of the in vivo inhibition could be explained by an increase in the rate of degradation. The enhanced degradation of insulin-like growth factor-insulin receptor was prevented by inhibitors of the 20S proteasome, whereas neither lysosomotropic agents nor general serine- and cysteine-protease inhibitors were active in preventing receptor degradation induced by herbimycin A. Moreover, in a temperature-sensitive mutant cell line defective in the E1-catalyzed activation of ubiquitin, herbimycin A treatment at the restrictive temperature did not result in the degradation of insulin receptor. These results suggest that herbimycin A represents a novel class of drug that targets the degradation of tyrosine kinases by the 20S proteasome. The ubiquitin dependence of this process indicates that this degradation of tyrosine kinases might involve the 20S proteasome as the proteolytic core of the ubiquitin-dependent 26S protease.
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ABSTRACT: Human organic anion transporter hOAT1 plays a critical role in the body disposition of clinically important drugs. In transmembrane segment (TM) 12, residues Tyr-490 and dileucine Leu-503/Leu-504 were identified to be critical for hOAT1 function. Substitution of Tyr-490 with alanine led to a dramatic reduction in protein expression of hOAT1 and its transport activity. The contribution of the side chain of Tyr-490 to transport activity was then evaluated by replacing this residue with Trp or Phe. Substitution of Tyr-490 with Trp or Phe partially or fully recovered the protein expression of hOAT1 and its transport activity, respectively, that were lost by substitution of Tyr-490 with alanine, suggesting that the aromatic ring and the size of the side chain of Tyr-490 are critical for hOAT1 expression and function. Studies with protease inhibitors and pulse-chase labeling further showed that the loss of expression of hOAT1 and its transport activity by replacing Tyr-490 with alanine resulted from accelerated degradation of the transporter, whereas its maturation efficiency was not affected. In contrast to Tyr-490, substitution of Leu-503/Leu-504 with alanine also resulted in complete loss of protein expression of hOAT1 and its transport activity. However, such loss of protein expression could not be prevented by treating mutant-expressing cells with protease inhibitors. Pulse-chase experiments showed that the mutant transporter (L503/L504A) was trapped in the endoplasmic reticulum without conversion into mature form of the transporter. Our results are the first to highlight the central role of TM 12 in maintaining the stability and in promoting the maturation efficiency of hOAT1.Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 11/2009; 332(2):650-8. DOI:10.1124/jpet.109.160515 · 3.86 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: N-myc downstream-regulated gene 1 (NRDG1) is a stress-induced protein whose putative function is suppression of tumor metastasis. A recent proteonomic study showed NDRG1 interacts with the molecular chaperone heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90). From their reported association, we investigated if NDRG1 is dependent on Hsp90 for its stability and is therefore a yet unidentified Hsp90 client protein. Here, we demonstrate that endogenous NDRG1 and Hsp90 physically associate in hepatocellular cancer cell lines. However, geldanamycin (GA)-mediated inhibition of Hsp90 did not disrupt their interaction or result in NDRG1 protein destabilization. On the contrary, inhibition of Hsp90 led to a transcriptional increase of NDRG1 protein which was associated with cell growth arrest. We also observed that GA inhibited the phosphorylation of NDRG1 by targeting its regulating kinases, serum- and glucocorticoid-induced kinase 1 (SGK1) and glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (GSK3beta). We demonstrate that in the presence of GA, GSK3beta protein and activity were decreased thus indicating that Hsp90 is necessary for GSK3beta stability. Taken together, our data demonstrate that NDRG1 is not a classic client protein but interacts with Hsp90 and is still dually regulated by Hsp90 at a transcriptional and post-translational level. Finally, we suggest for the first time GSK3beta as a new client protein of Hsp90.Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 09/2009; 1793(10):1597-603. DOI:10.1016/j.bbamcr.2009.08.002 · 4.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: ErbB-2/HER2 is an oncogenic tyrosine kinase that regulates a signalling network by forming ligand-induced heterodimers with several growth factor receptors of the ErbB family. Hsp90 and co-chaperones regulate degradation of ErbB-2 but not other ErbB members. Here, we report that the role of Hsp90 in modulating the ErbB network extends beyond regulation of protein stability. The capacity of ErbB-2 to recruit ligand-bound receptors into active heterodimers is limited by Hsp90, which is dissociated from ErbB-2 following ligand-induced heterodimerization. We show that Hsp90 binds a specific loop within the kinase domain of ErbB-2, thereby restraining heterodimer formation and catalytic function. These results define a role for Hsp90 as a molecular switch regulating the ErbB signalling network by limiting formation of ErbB-2-centred receptor complexes.EMBO Reports 01/2005; 5(12):1165-70. DOI:10.1038/sj.embor.7400300 · 7.86 Impact Factor