Oil biodegradation around roots.
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ABSTRACT: The rhizospheres and phyllospheres of peas, beans, tomatoes, and squash raised in a desert sand soil mixed with 0.5% crude oil were rich in oil-utilizing bacteria and accommodated large numbers of free-living diazotrophic bacteria, with potential for hydrocarbon utilization. According to their 16S rRNA-sequences, the cultivable oil-utilizing bacteria were affiliated with the following genera, arranged in decreasing frequency: Bacillus, Ochrobactrum, Enterobacter, Rhodococcus, Arthrobacter, Pontola, Nocardia, and Pseudoxanthomonas. Diazotrophic isolates were affiliated with Rhizobium, Bacillus, Rhodococcus, Leifsonia, Cellulosimicrobium, Stenotrophomonas, Kocuria, Arthrobacter, and Brevibacillus. The crude oil-utilizing and diazotrophic isolates grew, with varying growth intensities, on individual aliphatic (C(8) to C(40)) and aromatic hydrocarbons, as sole sources of carbon and energy. Quantitative gas liquid chromatographic measurements showed that representative bacterial isolates eliminated pure n-hexadecane, n-decosane, phenanthrene, and crude oil from the surrounding liquid media. Cultivation of oily sand-soil samples with any of the four tested crops led to enhanced oil degradation in that soil, as compared with the degradation in uncultivated oily sand-soil samples.International Journal of Phytoremediation 01/2009; 11(1):11-27. DOI:10.1080/15226510802363261 · 1.47 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Two experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of inoculating Vicia faba plants (broad beens) raised in clean and oily sand with nodule-forming rhizobia and plant-growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) on growth of these plants in sand and to test whether this can improve the phytoremediation potential of this crop for oily desert areas. It was found that crude oil in sand at concentrations < 1.0% (w/w) enhanced the plant heights, their fresh and dry weights, the total nodule weights per plant, and the nitrogen contents of shoots and fruits. Similar enhancing effects were recorded when roots of the young plants were inoculated with nodule bacteria alone, PGPR alone, or a mixture of one strain of nodule bacteria and one of the PGPR. Such plant growth effects were associated with a better phytoremediation potential of V. faba plants for oily sand. The total numbers of oil-utilizing bacteria increased in the rhizosphere and more hydrocarbons were eliminated in sand close to the roots. The nodule bacteria tested were two strains of Rhizobium leguminosarum and the PGPR were Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Serratia liquefaciens. The four strains were found to use crude oil, n-octadecane, and phenanthrene as sole sources of carbon and energy. It was concluded that coinoculation of V. faba plant roots in oily sand with nodule bacteria and PGPR enhances the phytoremediation potential of this plant for oily desert sand through improving plant growth and nitrogen fixation.International Journal of Phytoremediation 02/2005; 7(1):19-32. DOI:10.1080/16226510590915783 · 1.47 Impact Factor