Hazard prevention and control in the work environment. Report of a WHO meeting.
ABSTRACT On the 19-21 September 1994 an international meeting of experts was convened at the World Health Organization office in Geneva. The result of this meeting was the formation of the PACE working group. PACE stands for 'Prevention And Control Exchange'. It is a programme designed to stimulate the sharing of solutions and control measures in order to reduce occupational hazards. Internationally there is wide agreement on the need for sharing of knowledge and a realisation that a collaborate effort is required.
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ABSTRACT: Following initiatives in the UK and Sweden, pioneering work was carried out in Ballarat to set up schemes for sharing health and safety solutions in industry. Since 1990 work coordinated from the Netherlands has been undertaken to extend and develop the systems available in Europe and internationally for exchange of information about solutions. An inventory of existing schemes and initiatives led to the establishment of a network of interested organisations at European level and to the establishment of a group under the auspices of the World Health Organisation (PACE). This network has lobbied successfully for the incorporation of the task of information dissemination in the objectives of the European Health and Safety Agency. Currently a pilot project is being set up to develop and test the necessary collection, storage, coding and dissemination networks in a number of European countries. The core of a successful scheme is the support it gives to people with specific problems searching for useful solutions. An intelligent software support system has been developed in prototype and will be tested in the pilot project. Its development has forced the research team to take a close look at the fundamental principles linking health and safety problems to solutions and to question some of the assumptions underlying them. The codification of existing knowledge about practical solutions and how to stimulate people to consider and use them turns out to be far more complex than most experts at first anticipate.Safety Science 02/1997; DOI:10.1016/S0925-7535(97)00010-6 · 1.67 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Making working conditions safe and healthy is the interest of workers, employers and the Government.Although it seems simple and obvious, this idea has not yet gained meaningful recognition in Nepal. The study was conducted in ten small scale industries of Kathmandu valley. Altogether 545 questionnaires on socioeconomic and occupational history were filled up. Similarly, Workplace Occupational Health Assessment was done in all ten industries. A thorough medical examination of 135 child workers was done using a structured questionnaire to find out the health effects due to occupational hazards. Out of the total 545 workers present in the industries under study, 135 (24.8%) were child workers. Higher proportion of child workers (97%) was illiterate compared to 3% of children with primary level education. Among the child workers, 23 (17%) were girls. The majority of the child labourers were suffering from conditions like otitis externa, otitis media, scabies, anaemia, upper respiratory diseases, nasal problems, abdominal pain etc. The occupational health and safety practices in small scale industries in Kathmandu have been found to be unsatisfactory. Child labour is a serious problem. Out of ten industries, six have employed child workers and the working conditions range from bad to terrible. Health and welfare of the child workers was also not satisfactory.Kathmandu University Medical Journal 6(2):152-60.
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ABSTRACT: The need to exchange information on solutions and control measures to reduce occupational hazards has become an important issue amongst occupational safety and health professionals. During the first conference of the IOHA this issue was discussed during the successful workshop “Sharing knowledge on preventive measures”. An expert working group of the European Commission has recently drawn up a report advising the development of a European initiative in this area, and in September 1994 a WHO working group was formed on this topic. Data banks on solutions are one of the possible ways to supply this information. This article summarizes the conclusions of the review of existing data banks and specifies the objectives and structure of a proposed bank. Based upon a consideration of the available classification systems for information on solutions, it specifies how data on solutions could be stored, and provides intelligent assistance to users in locating solutions close to the source or in gaining access to information on comparable processes which are intrinsically less hazardous. The proposed data bank has a navigation system with two principle entry points, corresponding to two basic types of solution: firstly based on the production process, subdivided into the production principle and function as an access point to substitute methods of production; secondly the hazard and its emission and transmission process as an access point for more conventional hygiene control measures. A third access directly to control measures can be used by expert users.Safety Science 06/1997; 26(1):95-104. DOI:10.1016/S0925-7535(96)00020-3 · 1.67 Impact Factor