Hazard prevention and control in the work environment. Report of a WHO meeting.
ABSTRACT On the 19-21 September 1994 an international meeting of experts was convened at the World Health Organization office in Geneva. The result of this meeting was the formation of the PACE working group. PACE stands for 'Prevention And Control Exchange'. It is a programme designed to stimulate the sharing of solutions and control measures in order to reduce occupational hazards. Internationally there is wide agreement on the need for sharing of knowledge and a realisation that a collaborate effort is required.
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ABSTRACT: Several attempts have been made to develop strategies for an effective control of workplace hazards. This paper will focus on the results of a European project called Solbase, which is a databank for solutions to occupational hazards and risks. The Safety Science Group of Delft University of Technology in collaboration with TNO Work and Organisation (formerly NIA-TNO) designed Solbase in a series of projects funded by the Dutch Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment and the European Commission. It consists of the design of and software for a databank with an intelligent navigation system allowing users two principal entry points, which correspond to two basic types of solutions. The first entry point is based on the production process, subdivided into the production principle and production function. This entry point provides the dissemination of solutions within and between branches of industry. The second entry point includes the hazard and its emission and transmission as an access point for more conventional occupational hygiene control measures. With the partners of the consortium, from Spain, Italy, Ireland, Germany, the UK and The Netherlands, 535 new and existing solutions throughout Europe and the world were gathered to test the software and the solutions during a field study. Despite the relatively small number of 'test solutions' used, 54% of the search actions in the field study resulted in a useful and suitable solution which the company could actually put into practice. The companies characterized the software as very user friendly. The reproducibility of the coding system for solutions, the classification tree, was satisfactory. Most coders chose the same keywords from the classification tree to describe a corresponding solution. Solbase is a good searching machine for workplace solutions. Especially, the classification of production processes is an inherent guarantee of an exchange of information across the borders of a specific company or branch of industry.Annals of Occupational Hygiene 11/2003; 47(7):541-7. · 2.07 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Following initiatives in the UK and Sweden, pioneering work was carried out in Ballarat to set up schemes for sharing health and safety solutions in industry. Since 1990 work coordinated from the Netherlands has been undertaken to extend and develop the systems available in Europe and internationally for exchange of information about solutions. An inventory of existing schemes and initiatives led to the establishment of a network of interested organisations at European level and to the establishment of a group under the auspices of the World Health Organisation (PACE). This network has lobbied successfully for the incorporation of the task of information dissemination in the objectives of the European Health and Safety Agency. Currently a pilot project is being set up to develop and test the necessary collection, storage, coding and dissemination networks in a number of European countries. The core of a successful scheme is the support it gives to people with specific problems searching for useful solutions. An intelligent software support system has been developed in prototype and will be tested in the pilot project. Its development has forced the research team to take a close look at the fundamental principles linking health and safety problems to solutions and to question some of the assumptions underlying them. The codification of existing knowledge about practical solutions and how to stimulate people to consider and use them turns out to be far more complex than most experts at first anticipate.Safety Science 02/1997; DOI:10.1016/S0925-7535(97)00010-6 · 1.67 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Making working conditions safe and healthy is the interest of workers, employers and the Government.Although it seems simple and obvious, this idea has not yet gained meaningful recognition in Nepal. The study was conducted in ten small scale industries of Kathmandu valley. Altogether 545 questionnaires on socioeconomic and occupational history were filled up. Similarly, Workplace Occupational Health Assessment was done in all ten industries. A thorough medical examination of 135 child workers was done using a structured questionnaire to find out the health effects due to occupational hazards. Out of the total 545 workers present in the industries under study, 135 (24.8%) were child workers. Higher proportion of child workers (97%) was illiterate compared to 3% of children with primary level education. Among the child workers, 23 (17%) were girls. The majority of the child labourers were suffering from conditions like otitis externa, otitis media, scabies, anaemia, upper respiratory diseases, nasal problems, abdominal pain etc. The occupational health and safety practices in small scale industries in Kathmandu have been found to be unsatisfactory. Child labour is a serious problem. Out of ten industries, six have employed child workers and the working conditions range from bad to terrible. Health and welfare of the child workers was also not satisfactory.Kathmandu University Medical Journal 04/2008; 6(2):152-60.