Fibronectin penetration into heart myocytes subjected to experimental ischemia by coronary artery ligation.
ABSTRACT Using confocal microscopy and immunocytochemistry we have studied early changes in distribution of fibronectin (FN) in myocardial cells of rats subjected to experimental acute myocardial ischemia (AMI) by coronary ligation for several periods of 0.5 h to 6 days. In sham-operated and nonoperated rats, FN was present in the interstitium around the myocytes, and in their transverse tubules (TT). Already after 0.5 h of ischemia there was a well-defined increase of immunoreactive FN in focal areas of the interstitium of the hypoperfused portion, and distinct penetration into adjacent myocytes. The early penetration of FN into myocytes appears to follow a path through the TT, with a codistribution with actin in the I bands. This process precedes a total and diffuse infiltration of FN into the cytoplasm of disintegrating myocytes at later stages of coronary occlusion.
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ABSTRACT: Stem cell therapy is a promising treatment after myocardial infarction (MI). A major problem in stem cell therapy, however, is that only a small proportion of stem cells applied to the heart can survive and differentiate into cardiomyocytes. We hypothesized that fibronectin in the heart after MI might positively affect stem cell adhesion and proliferation at the site of injury. Therefore, we investigated the kinetics of attachment and proliferation of adipose-tissue-derived stem cells (ASC) on fibronectin and analysed the time frame and localization of fibronectin accumulation in the human heart after MI. ASCs were seeded onto fibronectin-coated and uncoated culture wells. The numbers of adhering ASC were quantified after various incubation periods (5-30 min) by using DNA quantification assays. The proliferation of ASC was quantified after culturing ASC for various periods (0-9 days) by using DNA assays. Fibronectin accumulation after MI was quantified by immunohistochemical staining of heart sections from 35 patients, after different infarction periods (0-14 days old). We found that ASC attachment and proliferation on fibronectin-coated culture wells was significantly higher than on uncoated wells. Fibronectin deposition was significantly increased from 12 h to 14 days post-infarction, both in the infarction area and in the border-zone, compared with the uninfarcted heart. Our results suggest that a positive effect of fibronectin on stem cells in the heart can only be achieved when stem cell therapy is applied at least 12 h after MI, when the accumulation of fibronectin occurs in the infarcted heart.Cell and Tissue Research 06/2008; 332(2):289-98. · 3.68 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this work was to study the effect of a dose of 150 microCi 131I on the barrier properties of the thyroid epithelium in pregnant female rats. Thirty-five female Wistar rats were divided into a control and four experimental groups (each distinguished by the time of 131I injection: group I--no less then 12 days before mating; groups II, III, and IV--on 5th, 10th, and 16th days of gestation, respectively). The thyroid glands were fixed in Bouin's fluid, embedded in paraffin, and stained immunohistochemically for thyroglobulin and fibronectin. In group IV the appearance of follicles with fibronectin-positive colloid demonstrates the penetration of blood plasma into the follicular lumen. There are more fibronectin positive follicles in group III. Regardless of the nature of the follicles' contents, numerous thyrocytes with an intensive fibronectin positive reaction begin to appear in the follicles. In group II the number of fibronectin positive follicles and thyrocytes is clearly reduced, and in group I only a few remain. In group IV there is a noticeable reduction in the quantity of colloid inside the follicles and often an absence of any thyroglobulin positive reaction. There are thyrocytes in which thyroglobulin positive granules localized in the basal zone. There is thyroglobulin positive staining in the stroma and blood vessels. In group II thyroglobulin is no longer found in the stroma. Small doses of 131I provoke a serious breakdown in the thyroid epithelium's barrier properties, although these changes are of a transient nature. The central zone of the thyroid gland reacts more actively and dynamically to exposure to radioactive iodine than the peripheral zone.The Anatomical Record 01/1999; 252(4):600-7.
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ABSTRACT: Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) are promising candidates for therapy in myocardial infarction (MI). However, the frequency of human ASCs that differentiate towards cardiomyocytes is low. We hypothesized that adherence to extracellular matrix molecules that are upregulated after MI might increase human stem cell differentiation towards cardiomyocytes. We analysed putative ASC differentiation on fibronectin-coated, laminin-coated and uncoated culture plates. Expression of cardiac markers in cells was analysed 1, 3 and 5 weeks after stimulation with 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine. After 1 week, mRNA expression of myosin light chain-2alpha (MLC-2alpha), an early marker in cardiomyocyte development, was increased significantly in treated cells, independent of coating. At 5 weeks, however, mRNA expression of the late cardiomyocyte development marker SERCA2alpha was only significantly increased in 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine-treated cells cultured on laminin. Significantly higher numbers of cells were immunopositive for MLC-2alpha in cultures of treated cells grown on laminin-coated wells, when compared with cultures of treated cells grown on uncoated wells, both at 1 week and at 5 weeks. Furthermore, after 3 weeks, significantly more alpha-actinin- and desmin-positive cells were detected after treatment with 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine, but only in uncoated wells. After 5 weeks, however, the number of desmin-positive cells was only significantly increased after treatment of cells with 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine and culture on laminin (61% positive cells). Thus, we have found that a high percentage of human ASCs can be differentiated towards cardiomyocytes; this effect can be improved by laminin, especially during late differentiation.Cell and Tissue Research 12/2008; 334(3):457-67. · 3.68 Impact Factor