Prevalence of antibodies to hepatitis C virus and association with intravenous drug abuse and tattooing in a national prison in Norway.
ABSTRACT A study was performed in order to determine the prevalence of anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies, the risk factors for HCV infection and the markers of hepatic disease in a population of prisoners. Of 101 new prisoners admitted to a Norwegian national prison over a three month period, 70 were included in the study, of whom 32 (46%) were anti-HCV positive. Intravenous drug abuse was the predominant risk factor for HCV infection, although a history of tattooing was found by logistic regression analysis to be a significant risk factor independent of intravenous drug abuse. Most anti-HCV positive prisoners had a history of previous incarcerations. Among the anti-HCV positive subjects, increased alanine aminotransferase (> 50 U/l) was found in 23 (72%). HCV infection was the major cause of hepatic abnormalities in the study population. Only 15 (47%) of the anti-HCV positive prisoners reported knowledge of previous hepatic disease.
- SourceAvailable from: bmj.comBMJ 07/1991; 302(6791):1506. · 14.09 Impact Factor
- BMJ 07/1991; 302(6791):1507. · 14.09 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: 28 patients with posttransfusion non-A, non-B (NANB) hepatitis in Stockholm, Sweden, were studied for seroconversion to hepatitis C virus antibodies (anti-HCV) and time lag to seroconversion by first and second generation tests. 15/28 patients (54%) seroconverted to anti-HCV with a first generation anti-HCV ELISA using C100-3 from the nonstructural (NS) region 4 of the HCV genome and 23 (82%) with a second generation anti-HCV ELISA including also antigens from the core and NS3 regions of the HCV genome. The mean time from onset of hepatitis to seroconversion was 6.1 weeks (0-18 weeks) with the first generation test and 2.3 weeks (0-7 weeks) with the second generation test. Development of chronic hepatitis was noticed in 14/23 (61%) patients who seroconverted to anti-HCV with the second generation ELISA and in none of 5 patients with posttransfusion NANB hepatitis who did not seroconvert. The inclusion of antigens from the core and NS3 regions of the HCV genome has increased the sensitivity of the second generation anti-HCV ELISA as compared to the first generation ELISA and also shortened the time lag to seroconversion in patients with posttransfusion hepatitis C. Patients with posttransfusion NANB hepatitis seroconverting seem more prone to develop chronic disease than patients not seroconverting.Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases 02/1992; 24(1):15-20. · 1.71 Impact Factor