Helicobacter pylori infection: physiopathologic implication of N alpha-methyl histamine.

Department of Gastroenterology, Hôpital de Villenuve Saint Georges, France.
Gastroenterology (Impact Factor: 12.82). 05/1995; 108(4):959-66. DOI: 10.1016/0016-5085(95)90190-6
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In the gastric mucosa of Helicobacter pylori-infected subjects, we previously detected N alpha-methyl histamine (N alpha-MeHA), a minor catabolite of histamine and a potent agonist of histamine H3 receptors. The origin of N alpha-MeHA and its effects on gastric histamine and somatostatin in infected subjects were investigated.
Ten noninfected patients and 13 patients with intense colonization were compared. N alpha-MeHA content and its synthetic enzyme activity, N alpha-histamine methyltransferase, binding of [3H]N alpha-MeHA, histamine and somatostatin contents, and histidine decarboxylase activity were assayed in antral and fundic biopsy specimens and in cultured H. pylori strains.
Gastric histamine and somatostatin contents as well as histidine decarboxylase activity were decreased in infected patients and were restored to normal after antimicrobial treatment. Both N alpha-MeHA and N alpha-histamine methyltransferase activity were present in the mucosa of infected patients and in cultured strains and were very low in noninfected patients or after eradication of H. pylori. [3H]N alpha-MeHA bound to gastric mucosa but not to cultured strains. The [3H]N alpha-MeHA specific binding sites were characterized as H3 receptors. The amount of bound [3H]N alpha-MeHA seemed correlated positively with somatostatin content and histidine decarboxylase activity and negatively with N alpha-MeHA content and N alpha-histamine methyltransferase activity.
H. pylori is the main source of gastric N alpha-MeHA that may lower histidine decarboxylase activity and somatostatin content through H3 receptors.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells are histamine-containing endocrine cells in the gastric mucosa. Previous studies have shown that the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-1beta present during chronic gastritis inhibits histamine synthesis in ECL cells and leads to sustained functional impairment. This study investigated the effects of IL-1beta on ECL cell apoptosis and the related signal-transduction mechanisms. ECL cells were isolated by pronase digestion and a combination of elutriation, gradient centrifugation, and 48-hour culture (purity >/=90%). Apoptosis was measured by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick-end labeling reaction and cell death detection enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. IL-1beta (100 pg/mL) increased the rate of programmed cell death 2-3 fold in ECL cells after 24 hours of incubation (total of 12%-14%). This effect was completely inhibited by the NF-kappaB inhibitor, proteasome inhibitor I, and the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor (iNOS) N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine (10(-4) mol/L), but not by the caspase 3 inhibitor, Asp-Glu-Val-Asp-CHO. Western blot analysis, reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and in situ PCR showed that IL-1beta induced gene expression (after 2-4 hours) and protein synthesis (6-18 hours) of the iNOS isoform in ECL cells. Bax protein expression was increased in response to IL-1beta. In contrast, bcl-2 gene expression was increased in response to basic fibroblast growth factor, which has been shown to counteract IL-1beta- induced apoptosis. These data suggest that IL-1beta induces programmed cell death in isolated rat ECL cells via activation of NF-kappaB, iNOS, and the Bax protein.
    Gastroenterology; 03/2000
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Helicobacter pylori is a gram-negative spiral bacterium confined to the habitat of gastric-type epithelium. H. pylori causes duodenal ulceration by a cumulative effect of antral predominant gastritis with increased acid secretion, consequent gastric metaplasia in the duodenum (a site of further colonization by H. pylori), duodenitis, reduced duodenal bicarbonate secretion, and mucosal damage. Bacterial factors influence outcome. Major determinants are the production of a vacuolating toxin and the presence of CagA, an immunodominant product of a nonconserved gene cagA, a marker for the cag pathogenicity island that encodes virulence genes involved in induction of epithelial chemokine responses. In ulcer patients the mucosal immune response is polarized to a T-helper-1 (Th1) cell-mediated response, which may contribute to mucosal damage. Eradication of H. pylori restores acid output to normal. Loss of both acid and bacteria halts gastroduodenitis and allows ulcer healing. Gastric metaplasia does not regress in the short term.
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 12/1998; 859:96-111. · 4.38 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recent milestones in the understanding of gastric acid secretion and treatment of acid-peptic disorders include the (1) discovery of histamine H(2)-receptors and development of histamine H(2)-receptor antagonists, (2) identification of H(+)K(+)-ATPase as the parietal cell proton pump and development of proton pump inhibitors, and (3) identification of Helicobacter pylori as the major cause of duodenal ulcer and development of effective eradication regimens. This review emphasizes the importance and relevance of gastric acid secretion and its regulation in health and disease. We review the physiology and pathophysiology of acid secretion as well as evidence regarding its inhibition in the management of acid-related clinical conditions.
    Gastroenterology 07/2008; 134(7):1842-60. · 12.82 Impact Factor


Available from
May 30, 2014