The influence of peritoneal fluid from patients with minimal stage or treated endometriosis on sperm motility parameters using computer-assisted semen analysis.
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to determine the influence of peritoneal fluid from patients with minimal stage or treated endometriosis on sperm motility parameters. Peritoneal fluid aspirated at diagnostic laparoscopy for unexplained infertility from women during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle (days 20-23) was incubated for 5 h with fresh semen samples obtained from men of recently proven fertility. Spermatozoa were prepared by a swim-up technique from unprocessed semen. Using computer-assisted semen analysis (Hamilton-Thorn Research, MA, USA), sperm motility and motion parameters were observed at 0, 120, 180 and 300 min. Compared with spermatozoa incubated in Earle's balanced salt solution/human serum albumin, the percentage motility, percentage progressive motility and progressive velocity of spermatozoa incubated in peritoneal fluid from patients without visible endometriosis were significantly higher (P < 0.05). Maximal effect was observed at 3 h and maintained until 5 h. We conclude that in an in-vitro study, in contrast to peritoneal fluid from patients with minimal stage endometriosis, peritoneal fluid from patients with unexplained infertility and no visible endometriosis can improve sperm motility when compared with culture medium.
SourceAvailable from: Peter G Wardle[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Evidence of pituitary-ovarian dysfunction in unexplained and endometriosis-associated infertility has been reported previously. Hormone-suppressive therapy is often used in an attempt to improve fertility, although benefits have not been proven. Our study examines the effect of progestogen (medroxyprogesterone acetate) treatment on women with endometriosis-associated and unexplained infertility, compared with women with tubal damage as functional controls. Pre-ovulatory follicular size and serum and follicular fluid hormone concentrations were measured, and oocyte collection and in-vitro fertilization were attempted, in natural cycles totally unperturbed by exogenous gonadotrophins, for two cycles before and two cycles following treatment with medroxyprogesterone acetate for 2 months. In the endometriosis and unexplained infertility groups, compared with the tubal group, the treatment led to significant reductions in the integrated luteinizing hormone (LH) values (483 versus 664, 559 versus 762 and 864 versus 820 notional IU/l respectively). There were no changes in serum oestradiol or follicular fluid oestradiol, progesterone, follicle stimulating hormone or LH concentrations after treatment. The results suggest that progestogen therapy has no beneficial effect on the pituitary-ovarian dysfunction which contributes to endometriosis-associated and unexplained infertility.Human Reproduction 04/1996; 11(3):647-50. DOI:10.1093/HUMREP/11.3.647 · 4.59 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Women with endometriosis have antibodies to endometrial transferrin and alpha 2-HS glycoprotein in their serum and peritoneal fluid. The objective of this study was to determine whether antibodies to transferrin and alpha 2-HS glycoprotein adversely affect sperm motility and survival. Spermatozoa obtained from normal fertile donors and washed free of seminal plasma were incubated with the medium (control), 1:2 and 1:100 dilutions of antitransferrin, 1:4, 1:8 and 1:100 dilutions of anti-alpha 2-HS glycoprotein, and a 1:2 dilution of antialbumin antiserum (negative control). Sperm motion characteristics in 10 microliters aliquots were evaluated at 30 min, 1 hr, 2 hr, 4 hr, and 24 hr using computerized sperm motion analysis. A paired t-test was done to analyze the effects of the various antibodies on sperm motion characteristics. Antibodies to albumin failed to adversely affect sperm motility in general or the several sperm motion characteristics in particular. In contrast, antibodies to transferrin at the dilution of 1:2 adversely affected the percentage of motile and rapid spermatozoa, progressive and path velocities, straightness, linearity, track speed, and anterior-lateral head displacement (P < 0.001) at all the time intervals, whereas a 1:100 dilution of this antiserum adversely affected these parameters only at 24 hr. Elongation and beat cross-frequency were significantly affected at 4 and 24 hr by a 1:2 dilution of antitransferrin antiserum. The effects of anti-alpha 2-HS glycoprotein were more pronounced than those of antitransferrin, but they were similar. Dilutions of 1:4 and 1:8 were effective at all time intervals, whereas a 1:100 dilution was effective in reducing the track speed and the percentage of rapid cells at 24 hr (P < 0.001). Antibodies to endometrial transferrin and alpha 2-HS glycoprotein present in the peritoneal fluid, and possibly in the oviductal fluid, of patients with endometriosis may adversely affect postcoital sperm motility and sperm survival.American journal of reproductive immunology (New York, N.Y.: 1989) 04/1998; 39(4):235-42. DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0897.1998.tb00359.x · 2.67 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The effect of peritoneal fluid (PF) from endometriosis patients was studied in spontaneous and stimulus-induced (Ca-ionophore; A23187) acrosome reactions. PF samples were obtained from 21 infertile women with endometriosis and five normal women (controls). Sperm acrosomes were examined by staining with Pisum sativum agglutinin labelled with fluorescein isothiocyanate. The incidence of spontaneous acrosome reaction after 1 and 6 h of incubation (6.7 +/- 1.6 and 6.9 +/- 1.4 respectively) was significantly (P < 0.001) lower when the incubation was performed with PF from endometriosis patients in comparison with spermatozoa incubated in PF from the control group (12.8 +/- 1.1 and 12.8 +/- 0.8). Similarly, the incidence of A23187-induced acrosome reaction after 1 and 6 h of incubation (19.8 +/- 2.7 and 20.0 +/- 2.4) was significantly (P < 0.001) lower when spermatozoa were incubated with PF from endometriosis patients in comparison with spermatozoa incubated with PF from the control group (34.6 +/- 9.8 and 34.4 +/- 1.1). The incidence of A23187-inducible acrosome reaction was also significantly (P < 0.001) lower when the incubation was performed with PF from endometriosis patients (13.1 +/- 2.8 and 13.1 +/- 2.4) when compared with that from the control group (21.8 +/- 2.6 and 21.6 +/- 1.5). No relationship was found between the stage of endometriosis and the incidence of acrosome loss. In conclusion, the PF from endometriosis patients decreased both spontaneous and stimulus-induced acrosome reaction. This may represent a mechanism for the detrimental effect of the PF from endometriosis patients on the spermatozoa-oocyte interaction and partially explain the aetiology of infertility in patients with endometriosis.Human Reproduction 09/1995; 10(9):2419-22. DOI:10.1093/oxfordjournals.humrep.a136310 · 4.59 Impact Factor