A comparison of stress leak-point pressure and maximal urethral closure pressure in patients with genuine stress incontinence.
ABSTRACT To determine the correlation between the maximal urethral closure pressure and the stress leak-point pressure in patients with genuine stress incontinence, and to define a critical stress leak-point pressure value to detect patients with a low-pressure urethra, as defined by a maximal urethral closure pressure less than 20 cm H2O.
Fifty-nine patients with genuine stress incontinence were evaluated prospectively with multichannel urodynamics. Maximal urethral closure pressures and stress leak-point pressures were determined and correlated. Several stress leak-point pressure values were evaluated by contingency tables to detect a critical level for detecting a low-pressure urethra.
There is a statistically significant relationship (P < .0001) between the stress leak-point pressure and the maximal urethral closure pressure. However, a correlation coefficient of 0.56 demonstrates poor clinical relationship. A stress leak-point pressure less than or equal to 45 cm H2O was found to be 80% sensitive and 90% specific in diagnosing a low-pressure urethra. A stress leak-point pressure less than or equal to 60 cm H2O was 90% sensitive and 64% specific in detecting a low-pressure urethra.
The stress leak-point pressure has poor clinical correlation to the maximal urethral closure pressure. A stress leak-point pressure less than or equal to 45 cm H2O has adequate sensitivity and specificity to diagnose a low-pressure urethra. A value less than or equal to 60 cm H2O would be an appropriate cutoff level to screen for those patients at risk of having a low-pressure urethra in need of further evaluation.
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ABSTRACT: We assessed the accuracy of urinary detection by visualization compared with a method using the urethral channel of a transurethral, three-channel urodynamic catheter. This was a case series of 52 patients presenting with stress urinary incontinence over 2 years. Patients underwent video-urodynamic studies in both the supine and the erect positions by use of two techniques for measuring leak point pressure (LPP) by one examiner. LPP was determined as the intravesical pressure simultaneous to the starting point of urethral pressure changes through the urethral channel of a urodynamic catheter (LPP-ure) and then by visualization (LPP-vis) during different events. We also measured the time related to the provocations and the time to mark the leakage on the urodynamic machine by the examiner. The LPP-ure values (cough supine: 42.1+/-18.7, cough erect: 42.1+/-21.8, Valsalva supine: 42.2+/-23.3, Valsalva erect: 41.0+/-22.6 cmH(2)O) were significantly lower than the LPP-vis values (89.9+/-29.4, 97.4+/-30.4, 70.6+/-25.2, and 74.4+/-32.6 cmH(2)O, respectively, all p<0.001). Whereas the actual leakages happened during the pressure increases, urodynamic recording by visualization was done after those increases had finished. The use of visualization as a urinary detection method entails potential errors that cannot be adjusted for on that time scale. Our results emphasize the need to standardize the methodologies used for urinary leakage detection, because this measurement is closely related to the accuracy of measurement of leak point pressure.Korean journal of urology 08/2010; 51(8):537-43.
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ABSTRACT: To assess differences between patients suffering from severe degree of stress urinary incontinence versus those with mild degree and to detect the risk factors of severity. 118 patients suffered from pure SUI were enrolled in a prospective study. According to VLPP, patients were categorized into 2 groups: mild (VLPP>60) and severe (VLPP<60). Risk factors included age, parity, gravidity, menopausal status, co-morbidities and surgical history were investigated. 35 patients had severe SUI; their mean VLPP±SD was 47±8cm H2O, while in 83 patients with mild SUI, mean VLPP was 90±20cm H2O. No significant difference was detected between both groups concerning clinical parameters except for the presence of bronchial asthma in which the difference was approaching statistical significance (P=0.07). Patients with multiple deliveries have triple risk to develop severe SUI. Obese patients with BMI>30 and those with bronchial asthma are more prone to develop severe type (OR: 1.9, 95%CI: .07-5 and OR: 9.4, 95% CI: 0.7-25 respectively). Bronchial asthma, obesity and multiple parities might be associated with low VLPP. Severe SUI is a resultant of multi-factors rather than one risk factor.Maturitas 02/2011; 68(4):374-7. · 2.77 Impact Factor
Article: Recommandations pour la pratique de l’examen urodynamique dans l’exploration d’une incontinence urinaire féminine non neurologiquePelvi-périnéologie 04/2012; 3(4):321-343. · 0.07 Impact Factor