Characterization of a protein cofactor that mediates protein kinase A regulation of the renal brush border membrane Na(+)-H+ exchanger.
ABSTRACT Activation of cAMP-dependent protein kinase A inhibits the renal proximal tubule brush border membrane Na(+)-H+ exchanger by a process involving participation of a regulatory cofactor (NHE-RF) that is distinct from the transporter itself. Recent studies from this laboratory reported a partial amino acid sequence of this putative cofactor (Weinman, E. J., D. H. Steplock, and S. Shenolikar. 1993. J. Clin. Invest. 92:1781-1786). The present experiments detail the structure of the NHE-RF protein as determined from molecular cloning studies. A codon-biased oligonucleotide probe to a portion of the amino acid sequence of the putative cofactor was used to isolate a 1.9-kb cDNA from a rabbit renal library. The encoded protein is 358 amino acids in length and is rich in proline residues. Search of existing data bases indicates that NHE-RF is a unique protein. Using a reticulocyte lysate, the cDNA translated a product of approximately 44 kD, which was recognized by an affinity-purified polyclonal antibody to NHE-RF. Potential phosphorylation sites for protein kinase A are present. The mRNA for the protein is expressed in kidney, proximal small intestine, and liver. Reverse transcription/PCR studies in the kidney indicate the presence of mRNA for NHE-RF in several distinct nephron segments including the proximal tubule.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Shirish Shenolikar, Jun 24, 2014
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ABSTRACT: NHERF1 (Na+/H+ exchanger regulatory factor) is a scaffolding protein, consists of two tandem PDZ domains linked to a carboxyl-terminal ezrin- binding region. NHERF1 recruits macromolecular complexes at the apical membrane of epithelial cells in many epithelial tissues. It is involved in trafficking and regulation of transmembrane ion transporters and G protein-coupled receptors. Further, NHERF1 also linked other molecules involved in cell growth and cancer progression, such as PDGFR, PTEN, beta-catenin, EGFR and HER2/neu. In this review, we focus on the role of NHERF1 during cancer development. Evidences of its involvement in cancer development are present in hepatocellular carcinoma, schwannoma, glioblastoma, colorectal cancer and particularly in breast cancer. Recent findings obtained from our laboratory show that cytoplasmic NHERF1 expression increases gradually in breast cancer during carcinogenesis, and its overexpression is associated with aggressive clinical parameters, unfavourable prognosis, and increased tumor hypoxia. Interestingly, also nuclear NHERF1 expression seems to play a role both in carcinogenesis and progression of colorectal cancer. These data suggest that NHERF1 could be a new biomarker of advanced malignancies.Cancer biomarkers: section A of Disease markers 01/2014; 14(2):177-184. DOI:10.3233/CBM-130329 · 1.19 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is a potent phospholipid mediator involved in specific disease states such as allergic asthma, atherosclerosis and psoriasis. The human PAF receptor (PAFR) is a member of the G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) family. Following PAF stimulation, cells become rapidly desensitized; this refractory state can be maintained for hours and is dependent on PAFR phosphorylation, internalization and trafficking. EBP50/NHERF1 has been found to interact with a variety of proteins and these interactions are involved in a growing range of functions including the assembly of signalling complexes, receptor recycling and transport of proteins to the cell surface. Crucial roles of EBP50 in GPCR physiology include its involvement in internalization, recycling, and downregulation. We were interested in identifying the role of EBP50 in PAFR trafficking. Our results showed that EBP50 binds the PAFR in its basal state, while stimulation decreased the ratio of interaction between the two proteins. We also demonstrated that EBP50 could bind PAFR via its PDZ 2 domain. In addition, we studied the role of EBP50 in various functions of the PAFR such as PAF-induced inositol phosphate accumulation and receptor internalization: EBP50 decreased the WT PAFR response and rescued the function of internalization-deficient mutant receptors, as previously described for the arrestins and the GRKs. These results suggest new roles for EBP50, some of which could help understanding the complex formation after receptor activation.Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling 08/2012; DOI:10.1007/s12079-012-0175-1
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ABSTRACT: In human disease induced by Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium), transepithelial migration of neutrophils rapidly follows attachment of the bacteria to the epithelial apical membrane. We have previously shown that during S. Typhimurium infection the multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (MRP2) is highly expressed at the apical surface of the intestinal epithelia, and that it functions as an efflux pump for the potent neutrophil chemoattractant hepoxilin A(3) . However, the molecular mechanisms regulating its apical localization during active states of inflammation remain unknown. Thus, our objective was to determine the mechanistic basis for the translocation of MRP2 to the apical surface of intestinal epithelial cells during S. Typhimurium infection. We show that suppression of ezrin, through either RNAi or truncation of the C-terminus, results not only in a decrease in S. Typhimurium-induced neutrophil transmigration but also significantly attenuates the apical membrane expression of MRP2 during Salmonella infection. In addition, we determined that S. Typhimurium induces the activation of ezrin via a PKC-α-dependent pathway and that ezrin activation is coupled to apical localization of MRP2. Based on these results we propose that activation of ezrin is required for the apical localization of MRP2 during S. Typhimurium infection.Cellular Microbiology 09/2011; 13(12):2007-21. DOI:10.1111/j.1462-5822.2011.01693.x · 4.82 Impact Factor