Ocular effects and systemic absorption of cyclopentolate eyedrops after canthal and conventional application.
ABSTRACT Ocular effects and plasma concentrations of cyclopentolate were studied in 8 volunteers after eyedrop application with two methods. While recumbent two 30 microliters drops of 1% cyclopentolate hydrochloride were instilled in randomized order either conventionally to the lower conjunctival cul-de-sac or on the inner canthus with eyes closed, followed by immediate opening of the eyes. The cycloplegic responses as well as the extent and time of maximal mydriasis did not differ significantly between the two methods. None of the parameters describing the systemic absorption of the drug differed between the treatment groups. Conventionally applied drops caused slightly longer subjective discomfort. Instilling eyedrops on the inner canthus with eyes closed is an alternative method to deliver ocular cyclopentolate with similar efficacy and safety as the conventional technique. This method could be useful especially when treating non-cooperative children.
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ABSTRACT: A 56-year-old woman was evaluated for the surgical correction of hyperopia (+3.0 diopters). Two drops of cyclopentolate 1% were instilled in both eyes for measurement of the cycloplegic refraction and wavefront analysis. Immediately after the second instillation, the patient reported drowsiness, dizziness, nausea, and fatigue. Ten minutes later, stimulatory central nervous system symptoms in the form of restlessness, cheerfulness, and a 20-minute-long roar of laughter were observed, interrupted by a new sedative phase. Basic medical and neurologic examinations were unremarkable except for gait ataxia. Four hours later, the examination was continued uneventfully. As surgical treatment of refractive errors and measurement of cycloplegic refraction using cyclopentolate become more frequent, ophthalmologists should be aware of this unusual acute event.Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery - J CATARACT REFRACT SURG. 01/2003; 29(5):1026-1030.
Article: Ocular medications in children.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Many ocular medications are used by pediatricians or ophthalmologists caring for pediatric patients. Topical antibiotics are commonly prescribed for bacterial conjunctivitis, nasolacrimal duct obstructions, and ophthalmia neonatorum. Many new antiallergy eye drops are now available for the treatment of seasonal (hay fever) conjunctivitis. Dilating eye drops and antiglaucoma medications are generally used or prescribed by ophthalmologists, but pediatricians must be aware of their potentially serious systemic side effects. Before initiating treatment, physicians should evaluate the risks and benefits of ophthalmic medications, establish minimum dosages necessary to achieve a therapeutic benefit, and monitor children for local and systemic side effects.Clinical Pediatrics 12/1998; 37(11):645-52. · 1.27 Impact Factor