Migraine headaches in adolescents: a student population-based study in Monreale.
ABSTRACT We assessed the prevalence of migraine headaches in an epidemiological survey of an 11 to 14-year-old student population. Migraine headaches were classified on the basis of questionnaires and neurological examination using the operational diagnostic criteria of the International Headache Society. Prevalence of migraine without aura (IHS code 1.1) was 2.35%; that of migraine with aura (IHS code 1.2) was 0.62%. Migraine without aura was equally distributed among males and females, whereas migraine with aura was preponderant in the female cohort. The prevalence of migraine headaches in males was constant through the ages studied, whereas the prevalence of migraine headaches in females reached a peak at age 12 and plateaued over the following two years. Although the new IHS classification criteria of migraines are reliable and exhaustive, some subcriteria may not be valid in a juvenile population. For instance, the duration of the pain in young migraineurs is often briefer than in adults, and the intensity of pain was almost always described as moderate or severe. Therefore, in order to increase the reliability and comprehensiveness of the IHS classification, minor modifications should be made.
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Differences occur in certain features of childhood and adult migraine, such as the duration and location. However, few studies have been reported of the changes in other symptoms during childhood. AIMS: The aims of this study were to establish the prevalence of migraine headache in children in Hungary, and to investigate the changes in prevalence of migraine and migraine symptoms in a wide paediatric age range. METHODS: We conducted a school-based study with the use of a questionnaire. RESULTS: 7361 7-18-year-old students participated. The 1-year prevalence of migraine was 12.5% (9.2% in boys and 15.4% in girls). With the criterion of a headache duration of 4 h for 15-18-year-olds and of 1 h below the age of 15, the overall prevalence decreased to 9.1%. The prevalence of migraine increased steadily from young childhood to late adolescence in both boys and girls. The frequency and duration of headache increased, whereas vomiting and nausea became less prevalent with advancing age in both genders. The prevalence of uni/bilaterality, photophobia and phonophobia increased only in girls, while that of a pulsating character did so only in boys. CONCLUSIONS: The migraine characteristics displayed by the studied population proved similar to those experienced in other countries. The duration of headache applied in the diagnosis of migraine exerts a great impact on the prevalence data. The features of migraine change with advancing age, a situation demanding consideration in studies on migraine in children of different ages.European journal of paediatric neurology: EJPN: official journal of the European Paediatric Neurology Society 06/2013; · 2.01 Impact Factor
Article: Epidemiology of headache in Europe.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The present review of epidemiologic studies on migraine and headache in Europe is part of a larger initiative by the European Brain Council to estimate the costs incurred because of brain disorders. Summarizing the data on 1-year prevalence, the proportion of adults in Europe reporting headache was 51%, migraine 14%, and 'chronic headache' (i.e. > or =15 days/month or 'daily') 4%. Generally, migraine, and to a lesser degree headache, are most prevalent during the most productive years of adulthood, from age 20 to 50 years. Several European studies document the negative influence of headache disorders on the quality of life, and health-economic studies indicate that 15% of adults were absent from work during the last year because of headache. Very few studies have been performed in Eastern Europe, and there are also surprisingly little data on tension-type headache from any country. Although the methodology and the quality of the published studies vary considerably, making direct comparisons between different countries difficult, the present review clearly demonstrates that headache disorders are extremely prevalent and have a vast impact on public health. The data collected should be used as arguments to increase resources to headache research and care for headache patients all over the continent.European Journal of Neurology 05/2006; 13(4):333-45. · 4.16 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study analyzed prevalence, frequency and cause of headache among 460 children ranging from 10 to 14 years-old from a Brazilian school. A questionnaire was handed both to children and parents to know if there would be differences among children and parental reports. The lifetime prevalence of headache was 93.5% (children reports) and 93.3% (parental reports). The last year prevalence was 90% (children) and 89.8% (parents). Headache episodes were frequent in 17.6% (children) and 18.5% (parents). The most often reported cause was "flu" (39.1% by children, and 46.7% by parents). This study demonstrated that the prevalence of headache in children is high; moreover, there were noted few differences between data obtained from children and parents. So, we could say that when the objective of a epidemiologic study is to determine the prevalence of headache in children, both children and parental reports may be used.Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria 01/1999; 56(4):726-33. · 0.83 Impact Factor