Migraine headaches in adolescents: a student population-based study in Monreale.

Instituto di Neuropsichiatria, Università degli Studi di Palermo, Italy.
Cephalalgia (Impact Factor: 4.12). 03/1995; 15(1):5-12; discussion 4. DOI: 10.1046/j.1468-2982.1995.1501005.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We assessed the prevalence of migraine headaches in an epidemiological survey of an 11 to 14-year-old student population. Migraine headaches were classified on the basis of questionnaires and neurological examination using the operational diagnostic criteria of the International Headache Society. Prevalence of migraine without aura (IHS code 1.1) was 2.35%; that of migraine with aura (IHS code 1.2) was 0.62%. Migraine without aura was equally distributed among males and females, whereas migraine with aura was preponderant in the female cohort. The prevalence of migraine headaches in males was constant through the ages studied, whereas the prevalence of migraine headaches in females reached a peak at age 12 and plateaued over the following two years. Although the new IHS classification criteria of migraines are reliable and exhaustive, some subcriteria may not be valid in a juvenile population. For instance, the duration of the pain in young migraineurs is often briefer than in adults, and the intensity of pain was almost always described as moderate or severe. Therefore, in order to increase the reliability and comprehensiveness of the IHS classification, minor modifications should be made.

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