Markers of past syphilis in HIV infection comparing Captia Syphilis G anti-treponemal IgG enzyme immunoassay with other treponemal antigen tests.
ABSTRACT The sensitivity of the Captia Syphilis G anti-treponemal IgG enzyme immunoassay (EIA-IgG) was compared with the Treponema pallidum haemagglutination assay (TPHA) and the Fluorescent Treponemal Antibody Absorbed (FTA-Abs) test as a marker for past syphilis in 28 HIV-infected and 31 HIV-negative patients with a past history of syphilis. The specificity of EIA-IgG was compared in 89 patients without a history of syphilis who were known to be HIV antibody positive with a control group of 89 patients who had tested HIV negative. In patients with a past history of syphilis each treponemal test (EIA-IgG, TPHA and FTA-Abs) gave a lower sensitivity (82%, 86%, 79%) in the HIV-positive group than in the HIV-negative group (97%) but the difference was significant only in the case of the FTA-Abs test (P < 0.05). In the HIV-positive patients 11% (3/28) were negative in all 3 treponemal tests while 25% (7/28) were negative in at least one treponemal test. In patients without a past history of syphilis the EIA-IgG antibody index in the HIV-positive group (0.436) was significantly higher than in the HIV-negative group (0.378): the specificity, however, was similar in the HIV-positive (100%) and HIV-negative group (99%). We conclude that the Captia Syphilis G anti-treponemal IgG enzyme immunoassay is of similar specificity in HIV-positive and HIV-negative patients and is of similar sensitivity to the TPHA and FTA-Abs as a marker of past syphilis in HIV-infected patients.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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ABSTRACT: The non-Treponemal tests such as Rapid Plasma Reagin test (RPR) or the Venereal Disease Reference Laboratory test are the most commonly used test for screening of syphilis in the blood centers in India. Now, with the availability of Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Immunochromatographic assays in the market, we decided to evaluate these assays in comparison with Treponema pallidum Haemagglutination Assay (TPHA) which was considered as a gold standard for this study. A total of 8 685 samples of voluntary blood donors were tested on Trepolisa 3.0 and then the initially reactive samples were retested in duplicate on the same assay as well as on Omega Pathozyme, RPR, RAPHA (Rapid Anti-Treponema pallidum Assay), and TPHA. Of the 158 initially reactive samples, 104 were repeatedly reactive on the same assay, 85 were reactive with RPR, 77 were reactive with RAPHA, 60 were reactive on Omega, and 53 were confirmed reactive on TPHA. 48 (56.4%) of the results on RPR were biological false positive, while 21.9% of results were false negative on RPR. We evaluated that Omega Pathozyme was quite in agreement with TPHA as compared with Trepolisa 3.0, RAPHA, and RPR. We concluded that Omega Pathozyme (ELISA) can be considered as a suitable test for screening of syphilis in a blood center.Asian Journal of Transfusion Science 01/2012; 6(1):32-5. DOI:10.4103/0973-6247.95048
Article: CAPTIA SYPHILIS-G ENZYME IMMUNOASSAY
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ABSTRACT: Enzyme immunoassay (EIA) is an ideal method for screening large numbers of patients for syphilis. We evaluated a novel immune-capture EIA (ICE Syphilis; Murex Diagnostics) that uses three recombinant Treponema pallidum antigens (TpN15, TpN17, and TpN47) and compared the results with those obtained by the native T. pallidum antigen EIA (Captia SelectSyph-G; Centocor) that we currently use for the serodiagnosis of syphilis. Specificity was evaluated by screening 1,184 unselected serum specimens in parallel by the ICE Syphilis and SelectSyph-G assays, while sensitivity was tested with a panel of 101 serum specimens containing antitreponemal antibodies (treated and untreated) from patients with various stages of infection. The specificity of the ICE Syphilis EIA (99.8%) on screening was significantly higher (P < 0.02) than that of the SelectSyph-G EIA (99.2%). The sensitivity of the ICE Syphilis EIA was significantly higher (P < 0.01) than that of the SelectSyph-G EIA on both initial (99 versus 91.4%) and repeat (100 versus 92.4%) testing. The ICE Syphilis EIA was also significantly more sensitive (P < 0.01) than the fluorescent treponemal antibody-abs (92.4%) but not the T. pallidum hemagglutination assay (97.1%). Sera containing antitreponemal antibodies gave a much higher antibody index (absorbance of test serum/kit cutoff) by the ICE Syphilis EIA than by the SelectSyph-G EIA. This combined with the overall high sensitivity makes the ICE Syphilis EIA an ideal test for excluding or detecting treponemal infection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients. The ICE Syphilis EIA was positive with sera from all 15 HIV-infected patients in the study, whereas sera from 3 HIV-infected patients were negative by the SelectSyph-G EIA. We conclude that the high sensitivity and specificity of the ICE Syphilis EIA and its suitability for automation make it an ideal screening test.Journal of Clinical Microbiology 04/1998; 36(4):913-7. · 4.23 Impact Factor