The co-morbidity of violence-related behaviors with health-risk behaviors in a population of high school students
ABSTRACT To describe the frequency of violence-related behaviors and their association with other health behaviors among high school students.
The Youth Risk Behavior Survey was administered to all ninth and eleventh graders (n = 2075) of a school district in Texas. It provided information regarding violence-related behaviors and other health behaviors. Students were classified into four mutually exclusive, violence-related categories according to whether they were involved in a physical fight and/or carried a weapon.
Overall, 20% of the students were involved in a physical fight but had not carried a weapon, 10% carried a weapon but had not been involved in a physical fight, and 17% had been involved in a physical fight and had carried a weapon. Prevalence of weapon-carrying and fighting were higher among males than females, and among ninth graders than eleventh graders. Among males, 48% had carried a weapon the month prior to the survey. Students who both fought and carried a weapon were 19 times more likely to drink alcohol six or more days than students who did not fight nor carried a weapon. Logistic regression analyses showed that drinking alcohol, number of sexual partners, and being in ninth grade were predictors of fighting. These three variables plus having a low self-perception of academic performance and suicidal thoughts were predictors of fighting and carrying a weapon.
The data indicate that violence-related behaviors are frequent among high school students and that they are positively associated with certain health behaviors. Interventions designed to reduce violence should also address coexisting health-risk behaviors and target high-risk groups.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Karen Basen-Engquist, Aug 17, 2015
- SourceAvailable from: Rebecca M Cunningham
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
- "Among adolescents reporting peer violence, hazardous alcohol use was also associated with an increased frequency of violent incidents. These findings replicate previous research that has documented a relationship between alcohol use and violence among adolescents (Fergusson et al. 1996; Orpinas et al. 1995; Swahn and Donovan 2004, 2006; Swahn et al. 2004; Brewer and Swahn 2005; White et al. 1999). "
ABSTRACT: Researchers recognize that the connection between alcohol and peer violence may relate to community level ecological factors, such as the location of businesses that sell alcohol. Building on previous research among adults, this study examines the relationship between alcohol outlet density and violent behaviors among adolescents, taking into account demographic characteristics, individual alcohol use, and neighborhood level socioeconomic indicators. Data drawn from a diverse Emergency Department based sample of 1,050 urban adolescents, combined with tract level data from the state liquor control commission and U.S. Census, were analyzed. Results of multivariate multi-level regression analysis indicate that alcohol outlet density is significantly related to adolescents' violent behaviors, controlling for demographic characteristics and individual alcohol use. Census tract level socioeconomic indicators were not significantly associated with youth violence. Findings suggest that alcohol outlet density regulation should be considered as part of broader violence prevention strategies for urban adolescents.American Journal of Community Psychology 12/2010; 46(3-4):253-62. DOI:10.1007/s10464-010-9353-6 · 1.74 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
- "Although there have not been many specific studies of the impact of exposure to interpersonal and community violence on sexual risk taking among African American adolescent females, existing research suggests that these relationships are established early in life. In a cross-sectional study of 9 th and 11 th grade students it was found that exposure to family violence was associated with higher numbers of sexual partners among African American adolescent females (Orpinas et al., 1995). Johnson and Harlow (1996) found that exposure to interpersonal violence was associated with a greater perceived risk of HIV and with more sexual risk behaviors. "
ABSTRACT: Juvenile crime and violent victimization continue to be significant social problems (Fitzpatrick, Piko, Wright, & LaGory, 2005); in that, adolescents, females in particular, are likely to participate in health related risk behaviors as result of having been victimized or exposed to a violent environment. Specifically, abuse, neglect, sexual molestation, poverty, and witnessing violence are well known risk factors for the development of trauma-related psychopathology and poor outcomes relative to delinquency, drug and alcohol abuse, and HIV risk behaviors (Steiner, Garcia, & Matthews, 1997). HIV infection is a common public health concern disproportionally affecting adolescent African American female detainees. This unique population has a serious history of violence exposure, which subsequently tends to lead to engaging in risky sexual behaviors, mental health problems, and abusing substances. Also, as a result of little to no intervention, this population is recidivating at an alarming rate, a problem that may further exacerbate the expression of health-related risk behaviors among African American adolescent female detainees. The authors briefly describe a pilot program to be implemented in the juvenile justice system that is based on the Model of Accumulated Risk (Garbarino, 1996), Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Model (1994), and the Positive Youth Justice Model (Butts, Bazemore, & Meroe, 2009). The program proposes to reduce risky sexual behaviors, teach alternatives to abusing substances, treat mental health concerns, and reduce the rate of recidivism through "positive youth development", PYD (Butts, Bazemore, & Meroe, 2009). Tying elements of wraparound services and reeducation together, this program addresses salient concerns that may have an impact on an adolescent detainees' success following their release from prison in a holistic manner.Journal of Offender Rehabilitation 11/2010; 49(8):571-584. DOI:10.1080/10509674.2010.519669
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
- "We also found that fighting was more common among those who used alcohol, tobacco and cigarettes when compared to those who do not use them. Under aged drinking, smoking and drug use are major risk factors associated with fighting (Lowry et al., 1999, Orpinas, et al 1995). Whether substance use contributes to fighting behavior or that these behaviors co-occur is not clear from this cross sectional analysis. "
ABSTRACT: The No Child Left Behind Act requires state boards of education to identify schools that are unsafe. Schools that are identified by measures such as suspension and expulsion rates are subsequently labeled "persistently dangerous." To our knowledge there is no published research that attempts to characterize fighting behavior among youth who may attend schools designated as "persistently dangerous." Two hundred and thirteen sixth grade African American boys and girls attending two urban middle schools on probation for "persistently dangerous" status were examined to investigate differences in demographic characteristics of gender and age and predictor factors of non-parental adult mentorship, parental acceptance of fighting behavior, and peer fighting. These analyses suggest a relationship between the number of peers who fight, youth who believed their parents endorse fighting, and youth without non parental adult mentorship were more likely to fight. This study also indicates that regardless of school status there are modifiable predictors associated with early adolescent fighting.Journal of School Violence 09/2009; 8(4):284-300. DOI:10.1080/15388220903129918