Hispanic cultural health beliefs and folk remedies.
ABSTRACT Cultural awareness of health care practices and beliefs is increasing, but knowledge regarding Hispanic folk remedies and health care practices and beliefs is limited. This study used a focus group interview format for an open discussion of folk remedies and the health and illness practices of the participants. Eleven Hispanic women participated in a group interview that addressed the question, How do Hispanic health beliefs affect health care practices? Specifically, what actions are taken to treat symptoms of illness or injury? Qualitative data analysis of the 75 symptom and treatment statements was completed, and data were grouped according to symptom and complexity of treatments. This resulted in a rich compilation of remedies that Hispanics use in home treatments, with the emergence of a pattern comparable to the nursing process. This information adds to the current knowledge base of cultural health practices and provides a basis for continued research.
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ABSTRACT: Purpose: To describe the context in which culture-bound syndromes that mothers of Mexican descent believed affected child wellness and describe how they restored health when these syndromes affected their children. Design: The findings of this come from a larger study that focused on the health promotion and protection practices used by mothers of Mexican descent in urban Texas A naturalistic design, using Spradley's ethnographic interview techniques and participant observations, was selected to explore and describe the child health promotion and protection practices, including culture-bound syndromes, used by mothers of Mexican origin. Method: Data collection consisted of 21 ethnographic interviews enhanced by focused home observations withnine Spanish speaking mothers. Results: To these group of mothers, the culture-bound syndromes of empacho, fright and evil eye could affect children's eating and sleep patterns, thereby causing an imbalance in a child's wellbeing. Therefore the participants believed that they had be mindful of culture-bound syndromes that affected their children's health and take care of those syndromes by using folk remedies to restore balance in their children's' wellbeing. Conclusion: The findings of this study provide an in-depth description of culture-bound syndromes and the folk remedies which mother of Mexican descent used to promote and protect the health of their preschool children. This knowledge provides a framework for healthcare professionals to use when working with mothers of Mexican descent who may be using folk healing to promote and protect the health of their children.Enfermería Global. 07/2012; 11(27):1-11.
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ABSTRACT: This paper examines the therapeutic possibilities offered by animal-based remedies in five Brazilian cities. Information was obtained through semi-structured questionnaires applied to 79 traders of medicinal animals at São Luís, Teresina, João Pessoa and Campina Grande (Northeastern) and Belém (Northern) Brazil. We recorded the use of 97 animal species as medicines, whose products were recommended for the treatment of 82 illnesses. The most frequently quoted treatments concerned the respiratory system (58 species; 407 use-citations), the osteomuscular system and conjunctive tissue (46 species; 384 use-citations), and the circulatory system (34 species; 124 use-citations). Mammals (27 species), followed by reptiles (24) and fishes (16) represented the bulk of medicinal species. In relation to users, 53% of the interviewees informed that zootherapeuticals resources were sought after by people from all social classes, while 47% stated that low income people were the main buyers. The notable use and commercialization of medicinal animals to alleviate and cure health problems and ailments in cities highlights the resilience of that resource in the folk medicine. Most remedies quoted by interviewees depend on wild-caught animals, including some species under official protection. Among other aspects, the harvesting of threatened species confers zootherapy a role in the discussions about biodiversity conservation in Brazil.Journal of Ethnopharmacology 10/2007; 113(3):541-55. · 2.76 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This paper examines the use of medicinal plants by Latino healers in New York City to treat various women’s illnesses. Eight Latino healers collaborated on the study through consultations with female patients who had one of the following conditions as diagnosed by biomedically trained physicians: uterine fibroids, hot flashes, menorrhagia, or endometriosis. The study identified a total of 67 plant species prescribed by the healers in the form of mixtures or as individual plants. Voucher specimens were collected from local botánicas and identified by specialists at The New York Botanical Garden. Studies of immigrant traditional healers and the plants they use in an urban setting can provide interesting ethnobotanical data and information to assist in diagnosing conditions and contributing to treatment of patients from Latino as well as non-Latino communities. Este documento examina el uso de plantas medicinales por curanderos Latinos en la ciudad de Nueva York en el tratamiento de varias enfermedades en mujeres. Ocho curanderos Latinos colaboraron en el estudio a través de consultas con pacientes mujeres que tenían una de las siguentes condiciones de salud diagnosticadas por médicos: fibroma del útero, incrementos de temperatura repentinos, menorrea o endometriosis. El estudio identificó un total de 67 especies de plantas presentas por los curanderos ya sea en mezclas o individualmente. Muestras de los especímenes fueron colectadas en botánicas locales e identificadas por especialistas en El Jardín Botánico de Nueva York. Estudios de curanderos tradicionales inmigrantes y sus plantas en un área urbana pueden proveer datos etnobotánicos interesantes e información que asista en el diagnóstico del estado de salud y contribuya al tratamiento de pacientes tanto de comunidades Latinos, como no Latinos.Economic Botany 04/2012; 54(3):344-357. · 1.93 Impact Factor