Hispanic cultural health beliefs and folk remedies.
ABSTRACT Cultural awareness of health care practices and beliefs is increasing, but knowledge regarding Hispanic folk remedies and health care practices and beliefs is limited. This study used a focus group interview format for an open discussion of folk remedies and the health and illness practices of the participants. Eleven Hispanic women participated in a group interview that addressed the question, How do Hispanic health beliefs affect health care practices? Specifically, what actions are taken to treat symptoms of illness or injury? Qualitative data analysis of the 75 symptom and treatment statements was completed, and data were grouped according to symptom and complexity of treatments. This resulted in a rich compilation of remedies that Hispanics use in home treatments, with the emergence of a pattern comparable to the nursing process. This information adds to the current knowledge base of cultural health practices and provides a basis for continued research.
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- "g . , Branch and Silva , 1983 ; Alves and Rosa , 2006 , 2007 ; Begossi and Braga , 1992 ) , reinforcing the view that medical traditions accompany people as leave their native surroundings and migrate to urban centers ( see Baca , 1978 ; Gordon , 1994 ; O ' Connor , 1998 ) . The use of similar resources as medicines in more remote and urban areas suggest that zootherapeutic practices may func - tion as a social conduit which , in conjunction with other factors , helps to maintain the connections between rural and peasant people living in cities and their own traditional culture and val - ues . "
ABSTRACT: This paper examines the therapeutic possibilities offered by animal-based remedies in five Brazilian cities. Information was obtained through semi-structured questionnaires applied to 79 traders of medicinal animals at São Luís, Teresina, João Pessoa and Campina Grande (Northeastern) and Belém (Northern) Brazil. We recorded the use of 97 animal species as medicines, whose products were recommended for the treatment of 82 illnesses. The most frequently quoted treatments concerned the respiratory system (58 species; 407 use-citations), the osteomuscular system and conjunctive tissue (46 species; 384 use-citations), and the circulatory system (34 species; 124 use-citations). Mammals (27 species), followed by reptiles (24) and fishes (16) represented the bulk of medicinal species. In relation to users, 53% of the interviewees informed that zootherapeuticals resources were sought after by people from all social classes, while 47% stated that low income people were the main buyers. The notable use and commercialization of medicinal animals to alleviate and cure health problems and ailments in cities highlights the resilience of that resource in the folk medicine. Most remedies quoted by interviewees depend on wild-caught animals, including some species under official protection. Among other aspects, the harvesting of threatened species confers zootherapy a role in the discussions about biodiversity conservation in Brazil.Journal of Ethnopharmacology 10/2007; 113(3):541-55. DOI:10.1016/j.jep.2007.07.015 · 3.00 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To gain an understanding of the cultural meanings of giving birth for Guatemalan women. Ethnographic, focusing on the birth stories of Guatemalan women and their perceptions of the sociocultural context of childbearing. Thirty Guatemalan women (15 primiparae and 15 multiparae) of mixed Mayan and Ladino heritage who had given birth to healthy full-term infants were interviewed during the early postpartum weeks. These women lived in small villages in the Sacatepéquez District of Guatemala. These audiotaped interviews were conducted in the Nacional Pedro de Bethancourt Hospital, in clinics, in the homes of the women, or in central plazas. The sociocultural context of giving birth in Guatemala is described, including common beliefs about pregnancy and childbirth and the meaning and significance of having children. The predominant themes found were the sacred nature of childbirth; the need for reliance on God during pregnancy, childbirth, and childrearing; and the bittersweet paradox of giving birth. With increasing numbers of Central American refugees and immigrants of childbearing age entering the United States, it is important for nurses to recognize, acknowledge, and respect specific cultural practices related to childbearing.Journal of Obstetric Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing 27(3):289-95. · 1.02 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Little uniquely identifiable information about Hispanic women who gain entrance into medical school is known. A few studies that focus just on stress in Hispanic women in medical school have found unique stressors. This research examines stress in Hispanic women students (all four years) at Texas A&M University System Health Science Center College of Medicine (TAMUS-HSC) at College Station and at the University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB) at Galveston, Texas. Twenty- four women took part in this project. Data was gathered using a packet of questionnaires, incorporating Sheridan and Radmachers Comprehensive Scale of Stress Assessment and the Personal Style Inventory (1987 and 1991) and The Community Oriented Primary Care (COPC) Student Project: Stress in First-Year Medical Students (Lensky, Noori, Matsukuma, Melamud & Chen, 1999). Each woman was personally interviewed. The results suggest increased stress and unique stressors found by others who have researched Hispanic women in medical school. The intensity of medical school coupled with the stress that engulfs them from fear and sometimes anger (two stress emotions) stemming from worry about failure in school and worry about student loans that they are fearful they may not be able to repay causes high stress. Social, ethnic, and cultural bias and norms barriers to which they struggle to overcome anger them. Results from investigation of coping strategies suggest the women are coping as well as can be expected and are joyous over what they are doing. They rely on social groups to give them support. The knowledge they have obtained that there is prejudice toward their academic qualifications seems to make them more determined. They appear to be non-traditional and strong women who feel they are destined to become medical doctors This research should add valuable information to future research in this area. It is suggested by this author that there is a need for substantial, active, immediate and constant support for all minority students in Texas medicine. It is of necessity that minority mentors be trained and efforts made to put in place a program that works to support the women who are struggling and in fear of failing out.