Drinking-Related Locus of Control as a predictor of drinking after treatment

Finnish Foundation for Alcohol Studies, Helsinki.
Addictive Behaviors (Impact Factor: 2.44). 09/1994; 19(5):491-5. DOI: 10.1016/0306-4603(94)90004-3
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study evaluated the predictive utility of the drinking-related control orientation for successful treatment outcome among Finnish inpatient alcoholics (N = 106, 16% women). Using the Drinking-Related Locus of Control (DRIE) scale by Keyson and Janda (unpublished; see Lettieri, Nelson, & Sayers, 1985), it aimed to discover to what extent the DRIE scores measured at the end of treatment predict (a) the timing and severity of the first drinking occasion after treatment, and (b) the 6 and 12 months' total treatment outcome of the sample. The DRIE scores correlated with the time to the first drinking occasion (r = -.27, p < .02). Internal subjects started to drink later (p < .004), drank less on the first occasion (p < .001), and continued for fewer days (p < .005) than external subjects. Moreover, internal orientation was more common among abstinent and external orientation among unimproved subjects during the first 6 (p < .02) and 12 months (p < .05) after treatment. The results thus support the beneficial role of internal control attributions.

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    • "Looking for strength rooted in spiritual sources may lead to improving the self-esteem and self-acceptance, and may help to find the meaning and purposefulness of one's life. It also promotes the realization that regaining the positive image of self, others, the world, and God/Higher Being by means of hard work on ones' emotions and the development of constructive methods of coping with stress (including those that are based on spiritual resources) can really be achieved, which may contribute to the development of a more internal orientation regarding the drinking-related locus of control (Koski-Jännes 1994) and strengthening the belief in abstinence selfefficacy (Piderman et al. 2008). These processes may foster further spiritual development and maintaining sobriety (Linquist 2013; Strobbe et al. 2013). "
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to examine the sex differences in the initial level of spiritual coping, forgiveness, and gratitude and changes occurring in these areas during a basic alcohol addiction treatment program. The study involved 112 persons, including 56 women and 56 men, who started and completed a basic alcohol addiction treatment pro-gram at day care units of 11 treatment centers. Two measurements were taken: one in the first week of the treatment, and one in the last week (5th–7th week after baseline). The Spiritual Coping Questionnaire, the Forgiveness Scale, and Gratitude Questionnaire were used. When starting the therapy, women had a higher level of negative spiritual coping (p = .024) and a lower level of forgiveness of others (p = .041) than men. During the therapy, positive changes in spiritual coping occurred in both sex groups, although in the case of women they involved improvements in more domains and they were stronger. The increase in the level of moral values (except for self-forgiveness) was noted solely in women. The study reveals the need to take sex differences into consideration when introducing spiritual elements into the therapy.
    Journal of Religion and Health 01/2015; 54(5):1931-1949. DOI:10.1007/s10943-015-0002-0 · 1.02 Impact Factor
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    • "There appears to be a complex interactive relationship between the primary reasons alcoholics give for their pretreat­ ment drinking and their drinking-related locus of control in predicting posttreatment relapse (Kivlahan et al. 1983), suggesting possible avenues of treatment matching within a relapse prevention framework. Following treatment, alco­ holics having an internal drinking-related locus of control were less likely to relapse, drank less and were less likely to have a more prolonged drink­ ing episode if they did relapse, and had a better overall drinking-related outcome than alcoholics with an external DRIE score (Koski-Jannes 1994). The DRIE represents an additional measure to consider in the assessment of those cognitions that may be related to the maintenance of, cessation of, and relapse to drinking behavior. "
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    ABSTRACT: Amaç: Kontrol odaği, kişinin yaşamin kontrolü- nü nerede algiladiği ile ilgili kişilik özelliklerini içerir. Bu çalişmada remisyon sürecinde olan alkol bağimlilarindaki kontrol odağinin sosyodemogafik-klinik özellikler ile ilişkisi araştirilmiştir. Yöntem: Çalişmaya; DSM-IV tani ölçütlerine göre alkol bağimliliği tanisi ile yatarak tedavi gören ve en az alti aylik bir süre tam remisyonda olan 102 hasta alinmiştir. Bağimlilarin seçiminde; daha önce kliniğimizde uygulanan tedavi programina yatarak katilmiş olmak, yatiş sirasinda ek başka bir psikiyatrik tani almamiş olmak, son bir aydan bu yana psikotrop bir ilaç kullanmamiş olmak ölçütlerine uyul- muştur. Veri toplama araçlari olarak; Sosyodemografik-klinik veri formu, Rotter'in İç-Diş Kontrol Odaği Ölçeği (RİDKOÖ), Hamilton Depresyon Derecelendirme Ölçeği (HDÖ-17 item- lik), Durumluk-Sürekli Kaygi Envanteri (DSKE) kullanilmiş ve toplanan veriler SPSS (Windows 6.0) programinda analiz edilmiştir. Bulgular: Çalişmaya 17 kadin (%16,6), 85 erkek (%83,4) bağimli alinmiştir. Yaş ortalamasi 44.5 (ss=6.1) yildir. RİDKOÖ cinsiyetler arasinda anlamli farklilik göstermektedir (F=11.7 p
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