Medieval Example of Cleft Lip and Palate from St. Gregory's Priory, Canterbury
Canterbury Archaeological Trust, Kent, Great Britain.The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal (Impact Factor: 1.2). 12/1994; 31(6):466-72. DOI: 10.1597/1545-1569(1994)031<0466:MEOCLA>2.3.CO;2
An archaeologically retrieved skeleton from medieval Canterbury possibly of the late eleventh or twelfth century, displays clear evidence of cleft lip and palate. A case of cleft palate dating from the seventh century, is known from an Anglo-Saxon cemetery at Burwell. This is the first evidence for both cleft lip and palate in British archaeological material. The individual had survived into adulthood. Apart from an odontome, there was no osseous evidence of any other abnormalities. Artistic evidence of cleft lip dates to the fourth century B.C. and surgical intervention (A.D. 390) is known from China.
01/2012: chapter 72: pages 718-731; Oxford University Press., ISBN: 9780195389807
- "Despite his high status burial , SK8 clus - tered with the low status , lay population for all four isotope systems , suggesting he was of local origin and in spite of his disability ate an omnivorous diet . Whether it was his family ' s wealth and status , or the compassion of the clerics at the Priory , that ensured he survived childhood and received a high status burial in middle age cannot now be ascer - tained , but it is of note that one of the few other archaeological individuals with cleft palate was also excavated at a medieval priory in Canterbury , England ( Anderson 1994 ) . Mass graves that provide evidence for contem - poraneous burial and invoke deliberate killing , with or without clear skeletal evidence of trauma , have been subject to isotope analysis to determine whether the victims were of local or distant ori - gin , were of similar or disparate origins , and to see whether any relationship between origins and biological sex could be determined . "
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ABSTRACT: During the last eight years, Canterbury Archaeological Trust has excavated over 1,600 articulated human skeletons from sites under threat of redevelopment in Kent. The recovered material, ranging in date from prehistoric to Victorian, provides a unique corpus for the study of disease and abnormalities in earlier societies.British dental journal 07/1996; 180(11):436-7. DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.4809112 · 1.08 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Our knowledge of disease in earlier Britain is largely based on the study of skeletal remains. However, a series of sixteenth century illustrative ballads provides the first proof for conjoined twins from late medieval England. The dearth of archaeological cases may be due to lack of definite skeletal changes or as a result of the remains being denied burial within consecrated ground. Other cases may exist, but documentary evidence is biased to the later medieval period, when such birth defects were recorded solely as a warning against immorality. The famous Biddenden Maids, no doubt, are remembered because of their association with a bequest of land and distribution to the poor.American Journal of Medical Genetics 04/2002; 109(2):155-9. DOI:10.1002/ajmg.10070 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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