Mediastinal tumors--airway obstruction and management.
ABSTRACT Large mediastinal massess can cause compression of surrounding mediastinal structures. Patients may have symptoms of airway obstruction or cardiovascular compromise. The additive effects of anesthetics, paralysis, and positioning during biopsy can lead to acute airway obstruction and death. In some cases, tissue diagnosis can be achieved and treatment initiated without general anesthesia. When general anesthesia is necessary, specific measures should be taken to avoid disaster or immediately alleviate obstruction should it occur. Some patients at greatest risk will require pretreatment of the mass before tissue diagnosis. This article reviews these issues and provides a useful algorithm for managing patients with mediastinal masses.
SourceAvailable from: Motohiko Hanazaki[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We report the anesthetic management of esophagectomy for a patient with Alport-leiomyomatosis syndrome. A 23-year-old woman complained of dysphagia and severe chest pain. Her chest X-ray, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed an enlarged esophagus, in contact with the trachea, heart, aorta, and large vessels. She frequently experienced severe asthma attacks. Because various risks in both respiration and circulation, especially in anesthesia induction, were of concern, her right femoral vessels were exposed, for the emergency use of percutaneous cardiopulmonary support (PCPS), prior to anesthesia induction. Anesthesia was induced and maintained with propofol, fentanyl, and vecuronium. Esophagectomy was performed uneventfully and no severe events were seen in anesthesia management. Alportleiomyomatosis syndrome is a very rare disease. When we are involved in the anesthetic management of a patient with this disease, evaluation of the influence of the enlarged esophagus on both respiration and circulation, and careful preparation for emergence, are very important.Journal of Anesthesia 02/2009; 23(3):453-5. DOI:10.1007/s00540-009-0749-0 · 1.12 Impact Factor
Article: Anaesthesia for mediastinal mass.Indian journal of anaesthesia 03/2014; 58(2):215-7. DOI:10.4103/0019-5049.130840
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ABSTRACT: Providing sedation for patients with compromised upper airway is challenging. A 19-year-old female patient with huge maxillofacial tumor invading the whole pharynx scheduled for elective tracheostomy under local anesthesia due to compromised airway. The patient had gastrostomy tube for feeding. Venous cannulation was totally refused by the patient after repeated trials for exhausted sclerosed veins. Pre-operative mixture of dexmedetomidine with ketamine was administered through the gastrostomy tube with eutectic mixture of local anesthetics cream application over the planned tracheostomy site. The patient was sedated with eye opening to command. Local infiltration followed by tracheostomy was performed without patient complaints or recall of operative events.04/2014; 8(1):124-7. DOI:10.4103/1658-354X.125973