Chondroblastoma represents approximately one per cent of all primary bone tumours. It is even rarer in the temporal bone and so far only 34 cases have been reported. We report here two cases with chondroblastoma of the temporal bone. The first case was discovered as a small lesion of the attic and root of zygoma. It was removed via mastoidectomy and reconstruction of the bony defect achieved normal external ear canal anatomy and hearing post-operatively. The second case presented as an advanced tumour involving the infratemporal fossa and parapharyngeal space. It was treated surgically via the infratemporal fossa approach. As clear surgical margins were not obtained, post-operative radiotherapy was also given to minimize the chance of recurrence.
"Radiographically and pathologically, cystic degeneration is common.3,17,19,20 Though small lesions occasionally are reported,3,21 extensive local invasion of the middle fossa, TMJ, and petrous bone is typical.21,22,23,24 A single report of intracranial hemorrhage related to skull chondroblastoma exists.25 "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The case of a 51-year-old man with a large temporal mass is presented. The mass eroded the floor of the middle fossa medially to the sphenoid sinus. A combined approach with neurosurgery and otolaryngology was performed to achieve maximal resection of the mass. Pathology was typical for chondroblastoma: a rare, benign but locally invasive chondroid tumor. Genetic testing revealed a translocation of (2;5) (q33;q13). This is a unique genetic mutation in all chondroid tumors to our knowledge. The diagnostic utility or role of this mutation in the pathobiology of this tumor remains to be determined.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of this study is to describe the presentation and clinical course of two patients with temporal bone chondroblastoma, and to review the literature on temporal bone chondroblastoma to identify characteristic clinical and radiological presentations, and optimal treatment regimens. MEDLINE literature searches covering the period from 1966 to January 1998, in all languages, were performed as well as a review of the bibliographies of the identified studies. Strict inclusion criteria were upheld, In total 18 studies had patients whose data could be analyzed. From the 18 studies, 34 patients were identified, but only 21 cases met the inclusion criteria. Demographic, clinical presentation, radiological, operative and treatment parameters were analyzed in this cohort of patients. Ninety-five percent of patients were found to have invasion of the middle cranial fossa and 76% were found to have erosion into the superior aspect of the external auditory canal by temporal bone chondroblastoma. The characteristic growth pattern of temporal bone chondroblastoma may result from embryonal or cartilagenous rests entrapped in the tympanosquamous suture line in the middle fossa floor. Temporal bone chondroblastoma represents a pathology that does not arise from, or have a growth pattern resembling other pathologies in the temporal bone.
Skull Base 02/1999; 9(4):301-5. DOI:10.1055/s-2008-1058141
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 24-year-old man presented with a rare chondroblastoma of the temporal base manifesting as local pain accompanied by difficulty in opening the mouth. Gross total removal was achieved at initial surgery, but the tumor demonstrated rapid and destructive regrowth from a very small residual volume without definite histological malignant transformation. Growth activity estimated by MIB-1 staining increased spontaneously from 2.5% at the initial operation to 18.7% at recurrence. Further extensive radical tumor removal by surgeons from multiple disciplines was performed. The patient has been free of recurrence for 3 years without radiotherapy. Chondroblastoma of the temporal bone is widely accepted as a benign tumor and regrowth after gross total removal is very rare. However, some cases of chondroblastoma have potentially high mitotic activity.
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