Ranking police stressors

Department of Criminal Justice, Rochester Institute of Technology, New York 14623.
Psychological Reports (Impact Factor: 0.53). 11/1994; 75(2):824-6. DOI: 10.2466/pr0.1994.75.2.824
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Police stressors were measured using Spielberger's Police Stress Survey with a sample of 103 police officers. Rankings of police stressors are discussed.

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    • "Job satisfaction is experienced if employees feel that their individual capacities and values can be utilized in the work environment and the opportunities and rewards are offered in work environment. Violanti and Aron (1994) found a strong and positive relationship between high level of job satisfaction and the psychological well-being of police officers. Job satisfaction is considered as one of the strongest predictors of a valued organizational outcome and commitment (Jaramillo et al., 2005). "
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    ABSTRACT: The present study examines whether, and to what degree, supervisor support in law enforcement is associated with job satisfaction, holding the effects of age, rank, education, gender, and working unit as constant in the analysis. A total of 216 Turkish National Police (TNP) employees working in Istanbul Police Department, comprising 185 regular police officers and 31 ranked police officers, completed the study survey. The influence of supervisor support on the job satisfaction levels of TNP employees was analyzed by structural equation modeling (SEM) under the theoretical framework of Frederick Herzberg’s two-factor theory. The results of the study indicate that TNP employees’ perceived supervisor support has a statistically significant positive effect on their job satisfaction levels. The more TNP employees perceive their supervisors as supportive, the higher their job satisfaction levels. Among the five demographic variables, only working unit of TNP employees makes statistically significant contribution to their job satisfaction levels. The predictor variable of supervisor support along with working unit collectively, explain 45 % of the total variation in job satisfaction.
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    • "Nevertheless, their study employed only one composite measure of strain largely consisting of items pertaining to danger, violence, or otherwise traumatic events. Given that police stress literature has consistently pointed out the salience of organizational stressors relative to danger-related operational stressors (Gershon et al., 2009; Morash et al., 2008; Violanti and Aron, 1994), omission of organizational stressors appears to be an oversight. Further, items measuring depression and anxiety were all lumped together and were used as a single composite mediating variable, thereby potentially obscuring the unique effects of depression and anxiety. "
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    ABSTRACT: 1 and 2 general strain theory (GST) had earned a wide array of empirical support in research on crime and delinquency. Yet, there has been limited attempt to apply GST's framework to unique samples such as police officers. The present study explores the generalizability of GST to hazardous alcohol use using a sample of 570 South Korean male police officers. OLS, binary logistic, and ordinal logistic regression analyses produced evidence that partially supports the key propositions of GST. These findings are explained in the context of South Korean drinking culture. Research implications for future researchers are also discussed.
    International Journal of Law Crime and Justice 08/2014; 43(2). DOI:10.1016/j.ijlcj.2014.08.002 · 0.11 Impact Factor
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    • "Yoo and Franke [28] reported that female officers had significantly higher scores on perceived stress, job strain, vital exhaustion, and effort reward imbalance than male officers. Examples of work-related stressors that may be more likely to affect female officers are confronting death, violence, work schedule, gender discrimination, relationship with coworkers, and workload [29,30]. Recent studies [9,28] have reported that stressors among female officers, such as organizational problems and lack of support, were associated with more adverse cardiovascular risk factor levels and certain chronic diseases (metabolic syndrome, hypercholesterolemia, and diabetes). "
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the association between psychological distress and obesity among law enforcement officers (LEOs) in the United States. Self-reported data on psychological distress based on six key questions were obtained from LEOs who participated in the National Health Interview Survey (2004-2010). We used Prochaska's cut-point of a Kessler 6 score ≥ 5 for moderate/high mental distress in our analysis. Mean levels of body mass index (BMI) were compared across three levels of psychological distress. The average age of LEOs (n = 929) was 39.3 years; 25% were female. Overall, 8.1% of LEOs had moderate or high psychological distress; 37.5% were obese (BMI ≥ 30). Mean BMI increased with increasing psychological distress (no distress, BMI = 27.2 kg/m(2); mild distress, 27.6 kg/m(2); and moderate/high distress, 33.1 kg/m(2); p = 0.016) after adjustment for age, race, income, and education level among female officers only. Physical activity modified the association between psychological distress and BMI but only among male LEOs (interaction p = 0.002). Among male LEOs reporting low physical activity, psychological distress was positively associated with BMI (30.3 kg/m(2) for no distress, 30.7 for mild distress, 31.8 for moderate/high distress; p = 0.179) after adjustment, but not significantly. This association was not significant among males reporting high physical activity. Mean BMI significantly increased as psychological distress increased among female LEOs. A longitudinal study design may reveal the directionality of this association as well as the potential role that physical activity might play in this association.
    Safety and Health at Work 03/2013; 4(1):52-62. DOI:10.5491/SHAW.2013.4.1.52
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