Article

Ranking police stressors.

Department of Criminal Justice, Rochester Institute of Technology, New York 14623.
Psychological Reports (Impact Factor: 0.44). 11/1994; 75(2):824-6. DOI: 10.2466/pr0.1994.75.2.824
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Police stressors were measured using Spielberger's Police Stress Survey with a sample of 103 police officers. Rankings of police stressors are discussed.

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    ABSTRACT: This research started with the objective to clarify how policemen are affected by promotion by test among promotion system of police which is one of the very important factors deciding the efficiency of organization through morale of policemen and which is mentioned as a factor that raises morale of policeman. The job of police is the ground of life for policemen and the place of opportunity where they can find and develop the ego. Though it is difficult to perfectly realize diverse values and desires of individuals in the organizational society which is ruled by plural values, the organization is still responsible for grasping the desire and value of individual for organization and satisfying them to the minimal level. Nobody is free from stress in the past, present and future. That is, stress can be seen as a phenomenon that inevitably occurs in any occupation and environment. The stress factor of policeman in the organization that has been discussed all the time is the deficient opportunities of promotion. Thus, it is most important to manage the stress of members in the organization so as to efficiently operate police organization. If the factor of stress perceived by the members can be grasped and diminished, the efficiency of business will be increased. The objective of this research is to reduce the stress of policemen suffering in the test promotion system by analyzing the recognition of members, to find the method reducing stress by performing empirical research and to prepare alternatives in policy in the aspect of human resources in police and management of organization.
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    ABSTRACT: Psychologists can help to reduce inappropriate aggressive behavior through careful screening of police officer candidates. The purpose of this study was to identify whether the IAT Reasoning Test (IAT), a measure of trait aggression, and a Monetary Delay Discounting Task (MDDT), a measure of behavioral control, could predict on-the-job police aggression better than the MMPI-2. We administered the MMPI-2, the IAT, and the MDDT to 85 police officers. Three prediction models were created using scores on the IAT and the MDDT, and scales from the MMPI-2. Model 1 included the IAT and the MDDT. Model 2 included MMPI-2 scales Hostility (HO), Overcontrolled Hostility (OH), and Anger (ANG). Model 3 included MMPI-2 scales Frequency (F), Hysteria (HY), and Psychopathic Deviate (PD). We found that Model 1 was the only predictor of supervisors’ ratings of on-the-job aggression, however, the predictive utility of this model was attributable primarily to the MDDT predictor. Based on these findings, we suggest that using measures of behavioral control during preemployment screening may help to identify potentially aggressive police officer candidates.
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    ABSTRACT: Background An ongoing economic crisis in Greece, has affected both stress and quality of life at all socioeconomic levels, including occupations like the police force. Aims To examine perceived stress, job satisfaction, quality of life, and their relationships. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted during the first trimester of 2011 in 23 police departments in Athens. 201 police officers agreed to participate (response rate 44.6%). The GHQ-28 was used to assess general health, and the WHOQOL-BREF and PSS-14 questionnaires to assess quality of life and perceived stress, respectively. Results The PSS and GHQ subscales and total scores exhibited strong, positive and significant correlations coefficients (r); 0.52 for somatic disturbances, 0.56 for stress and insomnia, 0.40 for social dysfunction and 0.37 for depression, yielding an r equal to 0.57 for the total GHQ score. A higher level of perceived stress was related to a lower likelihood of being satisfied with their job, while males and higher ranked officers reported lower job satisfaction. The PSS and GHQ scores were inversely, consistently and significantly related to almost all of the quality of life aspects, explaining up to 34% of their variability. Parenthood had a positive effect on life quality related to physical health, while females reported lower quality of life related to psychological health. Conclusions Higher levels of stress are related to an increased risk of reporting suboptimal job satisfaction and quality of life. The magnitude of these associations varied depending on age, gender and rank, highlighting the need for stress management training.
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