Ranking police stressors

Department of Criminal Justice, Rochester Institute of Technology, New York 14623.
Psychological Reports (Impact Factor: 0.53). 11/1994; 75(2):824-6. DOI: 10.2466/pr0.1994.75.2.824
Source: PubMed


Police stressors were measured using Spielberger's Police Stress Survey with a sample of 103 police officers. Rankings of police stressors are discussed.

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    • "Job satisfaction is experienced if employees feel that their individual capacities and values can be utilized in the work environment and the opportunities and rewards are offered in work environment. Violanti and Aron (1994) found a strong and positive relationship between high level of job satisfaction and the psychological well-being of police officers. Job satisfaction is considered as one of the strongest predictors of a valued organizational outcome and commitment (Jaramillo et al., 2005). "
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    ABSTRACT: The present study examines whether, and to what degree, supervisor support in law enforcement is associated with job satisfaction, holding the effects of age, rank, education, gender, and working unit as constant in the analysis. A total of 216 Turkish National Police (TNP) employees working in Istanbul Police Department, comprising 185 regular police officers and 31 ranked police officers, completed the study survey. The influence of supervisor support on the job satisfaction levels of TNP employees was analyzed by structural equation modeling (SEM) under the theoretical framework of Frederick Herzberg’s two-factor theory. The results of the study indicate that TNP employees’ perceived supervisor support has a statistically significant positive effect on their job satisfaction levels. The more TNP employees perceive their supervisors as supportive, the higher their job satisfaction levels. Among the five demographic variables, only working unit of TNP employees makes statistically significant contribution to their job satisfaction levels. The predictor variable of supervisor support along with working unit collectively, explain 45 % of the total variation in job satisfaction.
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    • "Nevertheless, their study employed only one composite measure of strain largely consisting of items pertaining to danger, violence, or otherwise traumatic events. Given that police stress literature has consistently pointed out the salience of organizational stressors relative to danger-related operational stressors (Gershon et al., 2009; Morash et al., 2008; Violanti and Aron, 1994), omission of organizational stressors appears to be an oversight. Further, items measuring depression and anxiety were all lumped together and were used as a single composite mediating variable, thereby potentially obscuring the unique effects of depression and anxiety. "
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    ABSTRACT: 1 and 2 general strain theory (GST) had earned a wide array of empirical support in research on crime and delinquency. Yet, there has been limited attempt to apply GST's framework to unique samples such as police officers. The present study explores the generalizability of GST to hazardous alcohol use using a sample of 570 South Korean male police officers. OLS, binary logistic, and ordinal logistic regression analyses produced evidence that partially supports the key propositions of GST. These findings are explained in the context of South Korean drinking culture. Research implications for future researchers are also discussed.
    International Journal of Law Crime and Justice 08/2014; 43(2). DOI:10.1016/j.ijlcj.2014.08.002 · 0.11 Impact Factor
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    • "The second group of equally serious stressors are organizational stressors, e.g. shift change, quasi-military style, lack of departmental support for officers when in need, etc. (Shane, 2010; Violanti & Aron, 1994). Generally, work-related stressors, regardless of their type, are known to cause a negative effect on employees' health (Gerber, Hartmann, Brand, Holsboer-Trachsler, & Puhse, 2010; Kawakami & Haratani, 1999; Lundahl, Nelson, Van-Dyk, & West, 2013). "
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    ABSTRACT: This study examines the relationship between law enforcement work-related stressors and health issues. Specifically, this study attempts to determine the effects of stress-producing factors (e.g. vigorous activities at work, shift change, perceived danger associated with police work, etc.) on physiological health-related issues (e.g. the number of reported health issues, high blood pressure, back pain, and headaches) and psychosocial behavior problems (e.g. alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking) among police officers. The analyses are based on a total 1632 law enforcement officers, who represent 51 police agencies in the three major cities, New York City, Dallas Texas, and Minneapolis, USA. The research findings that emerged from this study show that the number of days in vigorous activities and perceived physiological demands have the strongest influence on the number of health-related issues. Working without a partner and frequent shift changes had the strongest influence on alcohol consumption by police officers.
    04/2014; 2(1):100-110. DOI:10.1080/21642850.2013.878657
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