Ranking police stressors.

Department of Criminal Justice, Rochester Institute of Technology, New York 14623.
Psychological Reports (Impact Factor: 0.44). 11/1994; 75(2):824-6. DOI: 10.2466/pr0.1994.75.2.824
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Police stressors were measured using Spielberger's Police Stress Survey with a sample of 103 police officers. Rankings of police stressors are discussed.

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    ABSTRACT: This research started with the objective to clarify how policemen are affected by promotion by test among promotion system of police which is one of the very important factors deciding the efficiency of organization through morale of policemen and which is mentioned as a factor that raises morale of policeman. The job of police is the ground of life for policemen and the place of opportunity where they can find and develop the ego. Though it is difficult to perfectly realize diverse values and desires of individuals in the organizational society which is ruled by plural values, the organization is still responsible for grasping the desire and value of individual for organization and satisfying them to the minimal level. Nobody is free from stress in the past, present and future. That is, stress can be seen as a phenomenon that inevitably occurs in any occupation and environment. The stress factor of policeman in the organization that has been discussed all the time is the deficient opportunities of promotion. Thus, it is most important to manage the stress of members in the organization so as to efficiently operate police organization. If the factor of stress perceived by the members can be grasped and diminished, the efficiency of business will be increased. The objective of this research is to reduce the stress of policemen suffering in the test promotion system by analyzing the recognition of members, to find the method reducing stress by performing empirical research and to prepare alternatives in policy in the aspect of human resources in police and management of organization.
    The Journal of the Korea Contents Association. 03/2009; 9(3).
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the association between risk of sudden cardiac death and stressful law enforcement duties compared with routine/non-emergency duties. Case distribution study (case series with survey information on referent exposures). United States law enforcement. Summaries of deaths of over 4500 US police officers provided by the National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund and the Officer Down Memorial Page from 1984 to 2010. Observed and expected sudden cardiac death counts and relative risks for sudden cardiac death events during specific strenuous duties versus routine/non-emergency activities. Independent estimates of the proportion of time that police officers spend across various law enforcement duties obtained from surveys of police chiefs and front line officers. Impact of varying exposure assessments, covariates, and missing cases in sensitivity and stability analyses. 441 sudden cardiac deaths were observed during the study period. Sudden cardiac death was associated with restraints/altercations (25%, n=108), physical training (20%, n=88), pursuits of suspects (12%, n=53), medical/rescue operations (8%, n=34), routine duties (23%, n=101), and other activities (11%, n=57). Compared with routine/non-emergency activities, the risk of sudden cardiac death was 34-69 times higher during restraints/altercations, 32-51 times higher during pursuits, 20-23 times higher during physical training, and 6-9 times higher during medical/rescue operations. Results were robust to all sensitivity and stability analyses. Stressful law enforcement duties are associated with a risk of sudden cardiac death that is markedly higher than the risk during routine/non-emergency duties. Restraints/altercations and pursuits are associated with the greatest risk. Our findings have public health implications and suggest that primary and secondary cardiovascular prevention efforts are needed among law enforcement officers. © Varvarigou et al 2014.
    BMJ Clinical Research 11/2014; 349:g6534. · 14.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background An ongoing economic crisis in Greece, has affected both stress and quality of life at all socioeconomic levels, including occupations like the police force. Aims To examine perceived stress, job satisfaction, quality of life, and their relationships. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted during the first trimester of 2011 in 23 police departments in Athens. 201 police officers agreed to participate (response rate 44.6%). The GHQ-28 was used to assess general health, and the WHOQOL-BREF and PSS-14 questionnaires to assess quality of life and perceived stress, respectively. Results The PSS and GHQ subscales and total scores exhibited strong, positive and significant correlations coefficients (r); 0.52 for somatic disturbances, 0.56 for stress and insomnia, 0.40 for social dysfunction and 0.37 for depression, yielding an r equal to 0.57 for the total GHQ score. A higher level of perceived stress was related to a lower likelihood of being satisfied with their job, while males and higher ranked officers reported lower job satisfaction. The PSS and GHQ scores were inversely, consistently and significantly related to almost all of the quality of life aspects, explaining up to 34% of their variability. Parenthood had a positive effect on life quality related to physical health, while females reported lower quality of life related to psychological health. Conclusions Higher levels of stress are related to an increased risk of reporting suboptimal job satisfaction and quality of life. The magnitude of these associations varied depending on age, gender and rank, highlighting the need for stress management training.
    Safety and Health at Work. 07/2014;