The basal electrical skin resistance of acupuncture points in normal subjects.
ABSTRACT The inhibitory component of the skin against given electrical current, also called as the electrical skin resistance, is subject to change in response to many factors, especially pain. In order to find out more definite relationship between pain and skin resistance, one should make measurement in the state devoid of any external disturbing stimuli to get the "basal skin resistance (BSR)", which is known to be different from point to point on body surface. Also, the "active points" have more consistent BSR characters than other points and most of them share same locations with "acupuncture points" which is easy to localize accurately and repeatedly in normal subject. Therefore, the comparison of BSR of certain acupuncture points of normal subject and pain-suffering subjects is expected to be able to figure out any pain-induced BSR changes. Our measurement at 16 acupuncture points (asymmetrical 8 pairs) of 10 normal subjects showed inconsistently asymmetrical distribution of the BSR values with significant order among themselves including left SP (spleen)-6 at their lowest position, but neither the measuring system itself nor any of the 16 points was statistically reliable enough for diagnostic purposes. So the measuring device needs to be improved with after evolution, and more acupuncture points need to be explored to complete our pain-related BSR map. In addition, the meaning of the above BSR distribution pattern is waiting to be explained through such efforts.
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ABSTRACT: A system is being developed for measurement of biologic active points (BAPs) in humans using a modified dry electrode. The BAPs measuring system analyzed the electrical characteristics and searched for the position of BAPs using modified dry electrodes. Skin electrical resistance at BAPs and non-BAPs was examined with a modified electrode system for healthy male subjects (ages 21-40). Four (4) acupuncture points of PC-4, PC-5, PC-6, and PC-7 on the left arms were chosen for BAPs. Bio-impedance was then conducted for BAPs and non-BAPS using a lock-in amplifier with a frequency range of 1 Hz-1 kHz. Resistances of four BAPs were found to decrease to about 29%-59% of non-BAPs and reactance of BAPs was found to decrease to about 23%-41% of non-BAPs. The difference in electrical impedance between BAPs and non-BAPs was easily recognized since the average value of BAPs was measured at lower values than that of non-BAPs. Through these experiments, BAPs could be distinguished from non-BAPs based on electrical impedance. In addition, the electrical impedance model used-the electrical BAPs model-appears to be better suited for skin. The proposed BAPs electrical model of skin can be adapted for interpretation of changes in the impedance characterization of skin. This system would be used for various skin diagnoses due to the simplicity and reliability of bio-impedance analysis.Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.) 08/2012; 18(9):864-9. · 1.69 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Several methods for assessment of severity of pain have been proposed but all of them are subjective. This study evaluated the association concerning changes in electrical resistance (ER) between two acupuncture points and severity of postoperative pain in order to define an objective measurement of pain. In a cross-sectional study, 50 patients undergoing lower extremity orthopedic surgery with postoperative moderate to severe pain (VAS > 4,) were consecutively enrolled. In the recovery room, the patients' pain scores were assessed and in patients with VAS > 4, the electrical resistance between Li4 and Li11 acupuncture points as well as pain scores was measured prior and following analgesic administration. Following meperidine use, the mean VAS significantly decreased and the ER between the two acupoints was significantly increased. However, Pearson correlation analysis did not reveal any association between the trends of pain intensity and ER (P > 0.05). The ER change in patients operated under epidural anesthesia was significantly less than those who experienced general or spinal anesthesia. There is a coincidence of pain relief and change in the ER of acupuncture meridians without significant association. The diagnostic value of ER for pain, stress response or any other physiologic outcome needs to be investigated in clinical trials with a well-defined control group, with more accurate instruments and probably in different acupuncture meridians.Anesthesiology and pain medicine. 01/2013; 2(4):178-81.
- Equine Veterinary Education. 01/2010; 17(2):106 - 112.