Informing patients before starting of antineoplastic treatment is important due to the legal aspects of clinical trials and the anxiety and uncertainty felt by the patients. This study evaluates a structured information programme used in a clinical trial. Thirty-four women were interviewed three months after receiving information about trial, using a tape-recorded structured interview. Results showed that the information was well remembered. The patients were glad to have brought a relative to the two consultations, and the time for deliberation in between was well received. The patients viewed written information as an important source of reinformation. The information provided was positively evaluated. Open and detailed information did not undermine the doctor-patient relationship. Instead it allowed patients to understand and participate in treatment decision and helped to reduce their pre-therapy anxiety and uncertainty. The results support expanding structured information programmes to include not only those patients asked to participate in the clinical trial, but all patients beginning longlasting cancer therapy.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pediatricians are encouraged by the American Academy of Pediatrics and Bright Futures guidelines to use well-child care as an opportunity to promote learning and development, encourage positive parenting practices, help children acquire behavioral self-control, and enhance the well-being of children and their families. Such counseling can consume considerable provider time. In an era of dwindling resources for health care, there is pressure to deliver services as efficiently and effectively as possible. Thus, the purpose of this article is to view methods for patient and parent education that are not only effective but also brief.
Review of 114 articles on issues relevant to patient education.
Parents appear to respond best to information that focuses on their specific area of concern. Media, such as advertising campaigns or office posters, can be helpful for broadening parents' range of interests. In response, verbal suggestions are effective for conveying brief, concrete information when parents are not stressed. Written information should be added for addressing more complex issues. Modeling and role-playing appear especially useful when confronted with problematic parenting or child behavior. These approaches, if selected wisely and applied well, offer families needed assistance that has proven effectiveness in improving children's and families' health and well-being.
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