Serum HLA class I soluble antigens: a marker of acute rejection following liver transplantation.
Divisione Trapianti d'Organo, Università di Roma La Sapienza, Italy.Transplantation Proceedings (Impact Factor: 0.95). 03/1995; 27(1):1155-6.
- Rheumatology International 10/2005; 25(7):491-500. · 2.21 Impact Factor
Article: Serologic allogeneic chimerism.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: At least some transplanted livers secrete soluble human leukocyte antigens (sHLA) of donor phenotype into the body fluids of recipients. The individuals in whom this phenomenon occurs are by definition serologic allogeneic chimeras. Because an allogeneic transplanted liver may induce tolerance to itself and other organs in animals of the donor strain, and because maintenance of a soluble antigen in the circulation of any animal in sufficient quantity for a sufficient period generally leads to tolerance, this phenomenon may be biologically important. This study was performed to determine how common this phenomenon is and whether it occurs after transplantation of organs other than the liver. We studied 445 serum samples obtained from transplant recipients (liver, n=12; kidney, n=18; and heart, n=8) before and at various intervals after transplantation. All patients studied had allografts that had functioned for more than 1 year. We used an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to quantitate sHLA-A2 and sHLA-A1/A3/A11 (as a cross-reacting group). Donor and recipient combinations were selected in which measurable allotypes in donors were not present in recipients. In some instances, an additional allotype was present in a recipient but not in a donor. All liver transplant recipients had detectable donor sHLA in their serum samples after transplantation. In 72% of kidney and 50% of heart transplant recipients, donor sHLA was found persistently in serum samples obtained after transplantation. Interestingly, all heart transplant recipients of HLA-A3, but none of HLA-A2, had detectable donor sHLA in their serum samples, a finding that may be due to technical reasons. High and stable serum concentrations of donor sHLA characterize long-term stable allograft function. Donor sHLA is produced by all transplanted livers, most transplanted kidneys, and at least half of (but probably more) transplanted hearts. The hypothesis that donor sHLA may be tolerogenic to liver transplants can be expanded to include kidney and heart transplants.Transplantation 10/1997; 64(6):865-71. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Histopathological evaluation of the liver via biopsy remains the standard procedure for the diagnosis of both acute cellular rejection (ACR) and recurrent hepatitis C (RHC) after liver transplantation. Nevertheless, it is often difficult to diagnose ACR in hepatitis C virus-positive recipients because of changes in common and overlapping with RHC. The aim of this study was to identify potential target genes for ACR in recipients with RHC. We analyzed 22 liver biopsy samples obtained from 21 hepatitis C virus-positive recipients. The clinicopathological diagnosis based on biopsy examination was ACR-predominant with superimposed RHC in 9 samples (ACR group) and RHC without ACR (non-ACR group) in 13. Using oligonucleotide microarrays, we compared the transcriptional changes in the 2 groups and selected 2206 genes that were significantly modulated in ACR. We analyzed the regulatory networks in ACR with Ingenuity Pathway Analysis software, and we confirmed with quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction the reproducibility of caspase 8, apoptosis-related cysteine peptidase and bone morphogenetic protein 2 up-regulation in another group of validation samples, representing 2 genes from the core network as the target genes for ACR. Our results demonstrated novel transcriptome patterns for ACR with concurrent RHC that were distinct from those of recipients with only RHC, suggesting that gene expression profiling may be useful in the diagnosis of ACR in recipients with hepatitis C.Liver Transplantation 12/2009; 15(12):1738-49. · 3.94 Impact Factor
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