A new preparatory regimen for autologous bone marrow transplantation for patients with lymphoma.
ABSTRACT This trial studied the feasibility and efficacy of a new preparatory regimen for autologous bone marrow transplantation for patients with advanced lymphoid malignancies.
Twenty-one patients with Hodgkin's disease (n = 12) and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (n = 9) were treated in this study. Lomustine was substituted for carmustine) in a dose-escalation study with an initial dose of 6 mg/kg and increasing by 3 mg/kg in groups of four patients. The preparatory regimen consisted of lomustine (6-15 mg/kg) orally on Day -6, etoposide (60 mg/kg) intravenously (i.v.) on Day -4, and cyclophosphamide (100 mg/kg) i.v. on Day -2. Peripheral blood progenitor cells and/or bone marrow were infused on Day 0.
Lomustine was well tolerated in all patients with no significant toxicity specific to this drug. Engraftment was prompt: the time to achieving greater than or equal to 500 granulocytes/microliters was 12 days (range, 9-16 days) and the time to achieving greater than or equal to 25,000 platelets/microliters without transfusion support was 16 days (range, 9-22 days). Five patients experienced interstitial pneumonitis, three of whom had active or recent interstitial pneumonitis before bone marrow transplantation, and one who just completed mantle irradiation. Three patients died from this preparatory regimen, one of progressive interstitial pneumonitis, one of Legionella pneumonia, and one of multiorgan failure. Three patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma relapsed. Fourteen patients are currently alive and disease free to date. The actuarial are currently alive and disease free to date. The actuarial disease free survival was 57%, with a median follow-up of 23 months (range, 1-48 months).
The preparatory regimen consisting of lomustine/etoposide/cyclophosphamide is active in treating patients with lymphomas. Further trials with high doses of lomustine are warranted.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Terrence Blaschke, Apr 16, 2015
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ABSTRACT: The anti-leukemic effect of etoposide is well documented. High-dose etoposide 60 mg/kg in combination with fractionated total body irradiation (TBI), usually single fractions of 1.2 Gy up to a total of 13.2 Gy, is used as conditioning therapy for allogeneic stem cell transplantation. Most studies of this conditioning regimen have included patients with acute leukemia receiving bone marrow or mobilized stem cell grafts derived from family or matched unrelated donors, and the treatment is then effective even in patients with high-risk disease. The most common adverse effects are fever with hypotension and rash, nausea and vomiting, sialoadenitis, neuropathy and metabolic acidosis. A small minority of patients develop severe allergic reactions. Etoposide has also been tested in a wide range of combination regimens, but for many of these combinations, relatively few patients are included, and some combinations have only been tested in patients who have undergone autologous transplants. However, the general conclusion is that many of these combinations are effective in patients with high-risk malignancies and the toxicity often seems acceptable. Thus, etoposide-based conditioning therapy should be further evaluated in patients having allogeneic transplants, but randomized trials are needed and the design of future trials should be based on the well-characterized TBI + high-dose etoposide regimen.Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 10/2012; DOI:10.1007/s00280-012-1990-z · 2.57 Impact Factor
Bone Marrow Transplantation 06/2014; 49(9). DOI:10.1038/bmt.2014.121 · 3.47 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Purpose: To compare etoposide pharmacokinetics following administration of high-dose etoposide and etoposide phosphate, a water-soluble prodrug of etoposide. Bioequivalence was assessed using a two-treatment randomized crossover design. Methods: Ten patients with high-risk or relapsed lymphoma were treated with a sequential high-dose chemotherapy. They were randomized to receive either 3쓠 mg/m2 etoposide or an equimolar amount of etoposide phosphate (as 1-h infusions on three consecutive days) in the first course and the alternative drug in the second course. Serial plasma and ultrafiltered plasma samples were collected and analysed for etoposide by a reversed-phase HPLC method with UV and electrochemical detection. Pharmacokinetic parameters were estimated using a two-compartment model. Bioequivalence was assessed calculating the 90% confidence intervals (CI) for the ratios of the geometric means of AUC0-X and additionally of Cmax of etoposide derived from etoposide phosphate relative to etoposide in plasma and ultrafiltered plasma as point estimates (level of significance !<0.05). Results: Pharmacokinetic parameters of etoposide were comparable in both treatment arms except that terminal half-life was significantly shorter and apparent Vss in ultrafiltered plasma was significantly larger following administration of the prodrug. The point estimates for AUC0-X of etoposide derived from etoposide phosphate relative to etoposide were 102.9% and 88.4% for plasma and ultrafiltered plasma, respectively. The 90% CIs were in the range from 80% to 125% where bioequivalence can be assumed. The point estimates of Cmax on day 3 of chemotherapy were 96.5% and 81.7% in plasma and ultrafiltrate with the 90% CI in ultrafiltered plasma being out of the range from 80% to 125%. Conclusion: With respect to total drug exposure, represented by AUC0-X, high-dose etoposide phosphate is bioequivalent to high-dose etoposide.Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 07/2001; 48(2):134-140. DOI:10.1007/s002800100280 · 2.57 Impact Factor