Identification of antagonists for melanocortin MC3, MC4 and MC5 receptors.
ABSTRACT Antagonists for the melanocortin receptor family were identified by analysis of the effects of four melanocortin analogues on alpha-MSH(alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone)-induced cAMP accumulation in 293 human embryonal kidney (HEK) cells that expressed either the rat melanocortin MC3 receptor, the human melanocortin MC4 receptor or the ovine melanocortin MC5 receptor. Two peptides, [D-Arg8]ACTH(adrenocorticotrope hormone)-(4-10) and [Pro8,10,Gly9]ACTH-(4-10), antagonized the action of alpha-MSH on the melanocortin MC4 and MC5 receptors, but not the melanocortin MC3 receptor. [Ala6]ACTH-(4-10) inhibited the alpha-MSH activation of the melanocortin MC3 and MC5, but only weakly antagonized the activation of the melanocortin MC4 receptor. [Phe-I7]ACTH-(4-10) antagonized the melanocortin MC3, MC4 and MC5 receptors equally well. These antagonists were also tested to block a behavioral response induced by alpha-MSH. alpha-MSH-induced excessive grooming behavior in rats was inhibited by [Phe-I7]ACTH-(4-10), [D-Arg8]ACTH-(4-10) and [Pro8,10,Gly9]ACTH-(4-10), but not by [Ala6]ACTH-(4-10). This suggests that alpha-MSH-induced excessive grooming behavior is mediated by melanocortin MC4 receptors.
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ABSTRACT: The present series of studies aimed to further our understanding of the role of melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) neurones in the central regulation of luteinising hormone (LH) release in the female rat. LH release was stimulated when MCH was injected bilaterally into the rostral preoptic area (rPOA) or medial preoptic area (mPOA), but not when injected into the zona incerta (ZI), of oestrogen-primed ovariectomised rats. In rats that were steroid-primed to generate a surge-like release of LH, MCH administration into the ZI blocked this rise in LH release: no such effect occurred when MCH was injected into the rPOA or mPOA. In vitro, MCH stimulated gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) release from hypothalamic explants. Double-label immunohistochemistry showed GnRH-immunoreactive neurones in the vicinity of and intermingled with immunoreactive MCH processes. MCH is the endogenous ligand of the MCH type 1 receptor (MCH1-R). Previously, we have shown a role for melanocortin-5 receptors (MC5-R) in the stimulatory action of MCH, so we next investigated the involvement of both MCH1-R and/or MC5-R in mediating the actions of MCH on GnRH and hence LH release. The stimulatory action of MCH in the rPOA was inhibited by administration of antagonists for either MCH1-R or MC5-R. However, in the mPOA, the action of MCH was blocked only by the MC5-R antagonist. LH release was stimulated by an agonist for MC5-R injected into the rPOA or mPOA; this was blocked by the MC5-R antagonist but not the MCH1-R antagonist. These results indicate that both MCH1-R and MC5-R are involved in the central control of LH release by MCH.Journal of Neuroendocrinology 04/2006; 18(3):157-67. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The C-terminal tripeptide of the alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH11-13) possesses strong antiinflammatory activity without known cellular target. In order to better understand the structural requirements for function of such motif, we designed, synthesized and tested out Trp- and Tyr-containing analogues of the alpha-MSH11-13. Seven alpha-MSH11-13 analogues were synthesized and characterized for their binding to the melanocortin receptors recombinantly expressed in insect (Sf9) cells, infected with baculovirus carrying corresponding MC receptor DNA. We also tested these analogues on B16-F1 mouse melanoma cells endogenously expressing the MC1 receptor for binding and for ability to increase cAMP levels as well as on COS-7 cells transfected with the human MC receptors. The data indicate that HS401 (Ac-Tyr-Lys-Pro-Val-NH2) and HS402 (Ac-Lys-Pro-Val-Tyr-NH2) selectively bound to the MC1 receptor and stimulated cAMP generation in a concentration dependent way while the other Tyr- and Trp-containing alpha-MSH11-13 analogues neither bound to MC receptors nor stimulated cAMP. We have thus identified new MC receptor binding motif derived from the C-terminal sequence of alpha-MSH. The tetrapeptides have novel properties as the both act via MC-ergic pathways and also carry the anti-inflammatory alpha-MSH11-13 message sequence.Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology 11/2006; 99(4):287-93. · 2.12 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The effects of the adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH(4–10)) analog, Semax (MEHFPGP), on the level of anxiety and depression in white rats have been studied in the normal state and against the back-ground of cholecystokinin-tetrapeptide (CCK-4) action. Semax was injected intranasally in doses of 50 and 500 μg/kg 15 min before the testing. CCK-4 was administered intraperitoneally in a dose of 400 μg/kg 40 min before the testing. The level of anxiety was estimated in the elevated plus-maze test, and the degree of depression, in the forced swimming test. Semax administration did not influence the emotional state of animals in the normal state. The CCK-4 injection led to an increase in anxiety and depression in rats. Semax normalized the animal behavior disturbed by the CCK-4 administration, which attests to its anxiolytic and antidepressant effects at elevated levels of anxiety and depression.Biology Bulletin 04/2012; 37(2):186-192. · 0.25 Impact Factor