Hematopoietic stem cell autografts in support of myeloablative therapy for multiple myeloma.
ABSTRACT This paper reports the experience of a single investigator team on the use of autografting in support of myeloablative therapy for multiple myeloma. This demonstrates continued progress toward decreased morbidity, and virtual elimination of mortality, as a result of rapid hematopoietic recovery, due to the use of peripheral blood stem cell grafts in newly diagnosed patients receiving several non-cross-resistant induction regimens followed by two autologous transplants, complete remission rates in excess of 50% can be achieved. Prognostic factors have also been identified for event-free and overall survival.
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ABSTRACT: We sought to determine whether circulating tumor cells in the blood stem cell harvest from patients with multiple myeloma are associated with a shortened disease-free survival. Prospective analysis was performed in 33 patients of blood obtained at leukapheresis for future transplantation. An immunofluorescence microscopy procedure identified the tumor cells by their morphology and monotypic light chain staining. Eighteen patients had increased (> or = 0.2 x 10(6)/l) monoclonal plasma cells circulating in the blood at stem cell harvest. Fifteen of the 18 have relapsed, with a median relapse-free survival of 6.2 months. Of 15 patients with < 0.2 x 10(6) cells/l, seven have relapsed, with a median relapse-free survival of 22.5 months (P = 0.008). Patients with circulating plasma cells showed a trend toward shorter overall survival (P = 0.078). In a multivariate analysis using the bone marrow plasma cell labeling index and beta 2-microglobulin, the absolute number of plasma cells in the stem cell harvest achieved borderline significance for predicting relapse-free survival (P = 0.057). In conclusion, increased monoclonal plasma cells in the blood stem cell harvest are associated with a shortened relapse-free survival. This does not necessarily indicate that the circulating plasma cells were responsible for relapse. These results, however, have implications with regard to the timing of obtaining blood stem cells for patients who are candidates for ablative chemotherapy.Bone Marrow Transplantation 02/1997; 19(4):337-42. DOI:10.1038/sj.bmt.1700670 · 3.47 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We sought to determine factors that impact on the recovery of platelets after blood cell transplantation in patients with multiple myeloma. We performed retrospective analyses in 51 patients undergoing blood cell transplantation for multiple myeloma. The proportional-hazards model was applied to determine significant risk factors. Of 51 transplants, 14 patients failed to achieve a platelet count of 50 x 10(9)/l. Median time to a neutrophil count of 0.5 x 10(9)/l was 10.5 days. Median time to achieve a platelet count of 50 x 10(9)/l was 32 days. Multivariate analysis revealed that cyclophosphamide and G-CSF priming before collection of hematopoietic precursors (P < 0.001) was a positive predictor of rapid engraftment and prior exposure to melphalan given orally (P = 0.02) was a negative predictor of subsequent platelet engraftment. The number of mononuclear cells collected, the patient's disease status at the time of transplant and the presence of circulating plasma cells in the harvested product did not have a significant impact on time to platelet engraftment. We conclude that cyclophosphamide and G-CSF priming shortened the time to achieve platelet engraftment compared with G-CSF alone. Prior exposure to melphalan delayed platelet engraftment and can lead to complete failure of platelet recovery. Stem cells should be collected before melphalan administration in patients with multiple myeloma who are candidates for possible blood cell transplantation.Bone Marrow Transplantation 09/1997; 20(5):375-80. DOI:10.1038/sj.bmt.1700897 · 3.47 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: High-dose chemo-radiotherapy with autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) has introduced the concept of complete remission for multiple myeloma, and can improve survival and life quality for selected groups of myeloma patients. A number of prognostic factors have been identified, where ASCT in early disease, i.e. as part of front-line treatment, seems to be of particular importance for a favourable outcome. Even so, most myeloma patients will not be cured by high-dose therapy, but new strategies such as repeated autografting and post-graft alpha-interferon maintenance treatment seem to add additional advantages with respect to survival and freedom of disease progression. The technical development has enabled efficient in vitro myeloma cell depletion of the autograft as well as highly sensitive detection of minimal residual disease after treatment, but the clinical significance of these issues remains to be determined, and this question is addressed in ongoing gene marking studies. The application of novel therapeutic principles, e.g. gene therapy and immunotherapy, might further ameliorate the outcome for patients with multiple myeloma.Medical Oncology 04/1996; 13(1):23-30. DOI:10.1007/BF02988838 · 2.06 Impact Factor