A study on menstrual hygiene among rural adolescent girls.

Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University, Home Science College, Bapatla.
Indian Journal of Medical Sciences (Impact Factor: 1.67). 07/1994; 48(6):139-43.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Menstruation is a phenomenon unique to the females. It is clear from the study findings that majority of the girls were having correct knowledge about menstruation. Regarding the practices, only 10 girls were using boiled, and dried cloth as menstrual absorbent. Though almost all 64 girls received advice regarding menstrual hygiene from different sources, some of their practices were unhygienic. This shows that the mothers of these girls were lacking of right knowledge and the same thing was transferred to their off springs. Before bringing any change in menstrual practices they should be educated about the facts of menstruation and its physiological implications. The girls should be educated about the significance of menstruation and development of secondary sexual characteristics, selection of a sanitary menstrual absorbent and its proper disposal. This can be achieved through educational television programmes, school nurses/Health personnel, compulsory sex education in school curriculum and knowledgeable parents, so that she does not develop psychological upset and the received education would indirectly wipe away the age old wrong ideas and make her to feel free to discuss menstrual matters without any inhibitions.

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    ABSTRACT: Menstruation is one of the most basic characteristic features of women and so are the society regulated customs, practises and restrictions related to the process of menstruation. The current paper attempts to study the knowledge level of 150 girls of Dehradun-the capital of Uttarakhand, India regarding menstruation. A pre-designed, pretested and structured questionnaire was used for this purpose. The results also highlight the common practises followed by these young girls and the restrictions placed upon them during the menstrual period. An urgent need to address the issue of Menstrual Hygiene Management while providing appropriate information to young girls regarding the process of menstruation and basic hygiene practises to be adopted to avoid genital problems was felt. Efforts should also be made to eradicate orthodox thinking and the invalid restrictions placed upon them during this period.
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    ABSTRACT: Menstruation is a normal physiological process to the females but sometimes it is considered as unclean phenomenon in the society. To compare the perceptions of different aspects of menstrual hygiene between adolescent girls of rural and urban area. A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted from April 2013 to September 2013 in urban and rural area of South 24, Paraganas, West Bengal among 541 adolescent school girls in the age group of 13-18 years. Data were collected by the predesigned and pretested questionnaires. Only 37.52% girls were aware of menstruation prior to attainment of menarche. The difference in the awareness regarding menstruation in urban and rural area was highly significant. Only 36% girls in the urban and 54.88% girls in the rural area used homemade sanitary pads and reused the same in the subsequent period. Satisfactory Cleaning of external genitalia was practiced by only 47.63% of the urban and 37.96% of the rural girls. This study found differences in hygienic practices followed by adolescent girls in urban and rural area. Hygienic practices during menstruation were unsatisfactory in the rural area as compared to the urban area. Girls should be educated about the proper hygienic practices as well as bring them out of traditional beliefs, misconceptions, and restrictions regarding menstruation.
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