A study on menstrual hygiene among rural adolescent girls

Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University, Home Science College, Bapatla.
Indian Journal of Medical Sciences (Impact Factor: 1.67). 07/1994; 48(6):139-43.
Source: PubMed


Menstruation is a phenomenon unique to the females. It is clear from the study findings that majority of the girls were having correct knowledge about menstruation. Regarding the practices, only 10 girls were using boiled, and dried cloth as menstrual absorbent. Though almost all 64 girls received advice regarding menstrual hygiene from different sources, some of their practices were unhygienic. This shows that the mothers of these girls were lacking of right knowledge and the same thing was transferred to their off springs. Before bringing any change in menstrual practices they should be educated about the facts of menstruation and its physiological implications. The girls should be educated about the significance of menstruation and development of secondary sexual characteristics, selection of a sanitary menstrual absorbent and its proper disposal. This can be achieved through educational television programmes, school nurses/Health personnel, compulsory sex education in school curriculum and knowledgeable parents, so that she does not develop psychological upset and the received education would indirectly wipe away the age old wrong ideas and make her to feel free to discuss menstrual matters without any inhibitions.

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    • "This usually leads to undue fear, anxiety, and undesirable practices (3). The knowledge and practices related to menstruation are dependent on socio economic conditions as well (4). "
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    ABSTRACT: The main objective was to assess knowledge, practices, and restrictions faced by young women regarding their menstrual hygiene. The views of adult women having young daughters were also included and both views were compared. In addition, the factors influencing the menstrual hygiene practices were also studied. The study was carried out during 2008 in Mumbai, India. The mixed methods approach was followed for the data collection. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were used to collect the data. For quantitative survey, totally 192 respondents (96 adult and 96 younger women) were selected. While young women were asked about questions related to their menstruation, adult women were asked questions to find out how much they know about menstrual history of their daughters. The qualitative data helped to supplement the findings from the quantitative survey and to study the factors affecting menstrual practices in young women. The mean age at menarche reported was 13.4 years and 30-40% of young girls did not receive any information about menstruation before menarche. It is thus seen that very few young girls between the age group 15 and 24 years did receive any information before the onset of menstruation. Among those who received some information, it was not adequate enough. The source of information was also not authentic. Both young and adult women agreed on this. Due to the inadequate knowledge, there were certain unhygienic practices followed by the young girls resulting in poor menstrual hygiene. It also leads to many unnecessary restrictions on young girls and they faced many health problems and complaints, which were either ignored or managed inappropriately. The role of health sector was almost negligible from giving information to the management of health problems of these young girls. This paper reemphasizes the important, urgent, and neglected need of providing correct knowledge to the community including adolescent girls.
    Frontiers in Public Health 07/2014; 2:72. DOI:10.3389/fpubh.2014.00072
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    • "The low level of use of cloths as absorbents might be due to the fact that the vast majority of the respondents' mother are gainfully employed and therefore can afford to use modern sanitary pads. This finding contrast with studies from India and Pakistan that reported very high usage of old used cloths as absorbents among both rural and urban girls (Drakshayani et al., 1994; Narayan et al., 2001; Moawed, 2001). All the girls studied reported washing their genital tracts and perineum with water and soap or antiseptics during menstruation. "
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    ABSTRACT: The perception and appropriate hygiene practices of girls towards menstruation is closely linked with their level of knowledge and beliefs. This study aimed to assess the level of knowledge on menstruation and hygienic practices among adolescent school girls in an urban city, Nigeria. The study was a cross sectional survey and a total 122 girls from 4 out of the 9 schools' were recruited using a multistage sampling technique to select the schools, and systematic sampling method proportionate to size (proportion of total study unit accounted by each school) after a random selection of the first respondent, using the list of students as the sampling frame and sampling interval of 30. Overall, a total of 79 (65%) of the respondents had high knowledge. 15% of respondents' indicated their major source of information on menstruation from their school teachers. There is a significant gap in knowledge and with minimal role played by the school environment to provide appropriate information during their formative years. The ages of the respondents (P = 0.93), education of their mothers (P = 0.173) and the sources of information regarding menstruation (P = 0.575) were found not to be statistically significant with respect to the knowledge of menstruation while there was a statistically significant relationship between religion (P = 0.0001) and level of study of the girls and knowledge of menstruation (P = 0.048) Concerning the practice of menstrual hygiene, the majority 106 (87%) of the girls used sanitary pads, only. There was a significant statistically association between education of their mothers (P = 0.015), religion (P = 0.0001) and occupation of respondents mother (P = 0.0028) with respect to the reported menstrual hygiene practices. Hence the need for targeted systematic information to adolescent through curriculum reviews towards better knowledge and practice of menstrual hygiene.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was done in the adolescent girls to evaluate the knowledge and practice on different aspects of menstrual hygiene. One hundred and fifty adolescent girls of age 13-15 years from 3 schools of Shivanagar and Patihani village development committees of Chitwan district were involved in this study. Altogether 27 questions were asked to each of them. During our study, we found that they were not properly maintaining the menstrual hygiene. Only 6.0% of girls knew that menstruation is a physiologic process, 36.7% knew that it is caused by hormones. Ninety-four percentages of them use the pads during the period but only 11.3% dispose it. Overall knowledge and practice were 40.6% and 12.9% respectively. Although knowledge was better than practice, both were not satisfactory. So, the girls should be educated about the process and significance of menstruation, use of proper pads or absorbents and its proper disposal. This can be achieved by giving them proper training and health education (by teachers, family members, health educators, and media) so that there won't be any misconception to the adolescent girls regarding menstrual hygiene.
    Kathmandu University Medical Journal 11/2006; 5(3):382-6.
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