A study on menstrual hygiene among rural adolescent girls.

Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University, Home Science College, Bapatla.
Indian Journal of Medical Sciences (Impact Factor: 1.67). 07/1994; 48(6):139-43.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Menstruation is a phenomenon unique to the females. It is clear from the study findings that majority of the girls were having correct knowledge about menstruation. Regarding the practices, only 10 girls were using boiled, and dried cloth as menstrual absorbent. Though almost all 64 girls received advice regarding menstrual hygiene from different sources, some of their practices were unhygienic. This shows that the mothers of these girls were lacking of right knowledge and the same thing was transferred to their off springs. Before bringing any change in menstrual practices they should be educated about the facts of menstruation and its physiological implications. The girls should be educated about the significance of menstruation and development of secondary sexual characteristics, selection of a sanitary menstrual absorbent and its proper disposal. This can be achieved through educational television programmes, school nurses/Health personnel, compulsory sex education in school curriculum and knowledgeable parents, so that she does not develop psychological upset and the received education would indirectly wipe away the age old wrong ideas and make her to feel free to discuss menstrual matters without any inhibitions.

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    ABSTRACT: Objective: The study was aimed to find out perceptions and practices about menstruation among adolescent school girls in Pondicherry. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was done among two urban and two rural schools which were feasible and gave written permission. Total 371 adolescent girls who attained menarche were interviewed after obtaining written informed consent from their parents followed by focus group discussion (FGDs). Results: About one-third (34.5%) and 42.05% respondents respectively considered menstruation as a problem and impure state. Sanitary pads were used by 77% girls and 43% had habit of washing genitalia with soap and water during menses. 59% respondents practices social isolation during menses. FGDs revealed that girls follow many restrictions and customs and still waiting for better health. Conclusion: Study indicates the urgent need of health educational activities among the adolescent girls, their parents and teachers for improving menstrual hygiene and removing myths and misconception regarding menstruation.
    The Health Agenda. 10/2014; 2(4):114-119.
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the impact of a school-based menstrual education programme on: (1) menstrual knowledge, beliefs and practices, (2) menstrual disorders experienced, and (3) restrictions on menstruating adolescents.
    BMJ Open 01/2014; 4(7):e004607. · 2.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The main objective was to assess knowledge, practices, and restrictions faced by young women regarding their menstrual hygiene. The views of adult women having young daughters were also included and both views were compared. In addition, the factors influencing the menstrual hygiene practices were also studied. The study was carried out during 2008 in Mumbai, India. The mixed methods approach was followed for the data collection. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were used to collect the data. For quantitative survey, totally 192 respondents (96 adult and 96 younger women) were selected. While young women were asked about questions related to their menstruation, adult women were asked questions to find out how much they know about menstrual history of their daughters. The qualitative data helped to supplement the findings from the quantitative survey and to study the factors affecting menstrual practices in young women. The mean age at menarche reported was 13.4 years and 30-40% of young girls did not receive any information about menstruation before menarche. It is thus seen that very few young girls between the age group 15 and 24 years did receive any information before the onset of menstruation. Among those who received some information, it was not adequate enough. The source of information was also not authentic. Both young and adult women agreed on this. Due to the inadequate knowledge, there were certain unhygienic practices followed by the young girls resulting in poor menstrual hygiene. It also leads to many unnecessary restrictions on young girls and they faced many health problems and complaints, which were either ignored or managed inappropriately. The role of health sector was almost negligible from giving information to the management of health problems of these young girls. This paper reemphasizes the important, urgent, and neglected need of providing correct knowledge to the community including adolescent girls.
    Frontiers in Public Health 07/2014; 2:72.