Article

Identification of an amino acid substitution in human alpha 1 Na,K-ATPase which confers differentially reduced affinity for two related cardiac glycosides.

Department of Molecular Genetics, Biochemistry, and Microbiology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Ohio 45267-0524.
Journal of Biological Chemistry (Impact Factor: 4.6). 09/1994; 269(39):24120-6.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The ouabain-resistant cell line H1C1 displays a 30-fold differential of reduced sensitivity to the structurally related cardiac glycosides digoxin and digitoxin (Baker, R. M. (1976) in Biogenesis and Turnover of Membrane Macromolecules (Cook, J.S., ed) pp. 93-103, Raven Press, New York). Since these ligand congeners differ only by the presence of a hydroxyl group at C-12 of digoxin we predicted that the H1C1 phenotype must reflect a mutation which alters the binding site of the cardiac glycoside receptor (Na,K-ATPase). Complementary DNA encoding the alpha 1 Na,K-ATPase was prepared from H1C1 cell total RNA by reverse transcription-coupled polymerase chain reaction and these cDNAs were cloned. Sequence analysis of the reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction clones revealed several independent isolates containing a G > A transition at nucleotide 332 of the propeptide coding sequence, generating the amino acid substitution C108Y. The ability of this substitution to confer differential sensitivity for digoxin and digitoxin was tested and confirmed by expressing a human alpha 1 C108Y-Na,K-ATPase in wild type HeLa cells and assaying for inhibition of cell growth and inhibition of Na,K-ATPase activity. Phenylalanine or alanine substitutions of this cysteine also confer this pattern of ligand discrimination. Ouabain-resistant Na,K-ATPase substitutions, at positions other than Cys-108 failed to exhibit differential sensitivity indicating that this ligand discrimination is unique to Cys-108 substitutions rather than a general property of cardiac glycoside-resistant mutants. It is proposed that differential resistance of the C108Y receptor for these ligands is a consequence of altering two features of the ligand-receptor interaction; one, a disruption of a common hydrogen bond resulting in general loss of affinity for cardiac glycosides and the other, formation of a new H-bond between the C-12 hydroxyl of digoxin and the receptor, specifically augmenting the stability of this ligand-receptor complex.

0 Followers
 · 
114 Views
  • Journal of Insect Physiology 03/1998; 44(3). DOI:10.1016/S0022-1910(97)00168-6 · 2.50 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Despite the monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) being famous for its adaptations to the defensive traits of its milkweed host plants, little is known about the macroevolution of these traits. Unlike most other animal species, monarchs are largely insensitive to cardenolides, because their target site, the sodium pump (Na(+) /K(+) -ATPase), has evolved amino acid substitutions that reduce cardenolide binding (so-called target site insensitivity, TSI). Because many, but not all, species of milkweed butterflies (Danaini) are associated with cardenolide-containing host plants, we analyzed 16 species, representing all phylogenetic lineages of milkweed butterflies, for the occurrence of TSI by sequence analyses of the Na(+) /K(+) -ATPase gene and by enzymatic assays with extracted Na(+) /K(+) -ATPase. Here we report that sensitivity to cardenolides was reduced in a stepwise manner during the macroevolution of milkweed butterflies. Strikingly, not all Danaini typically consuming cardenolides showed TSI, but rather TSI was more strongly associated with sequestration of toxic cardenolides. Thus, the interplay between bottom-up selection by plant compounds and top-down selection by natural enemies can explain the evolutionary sequence of adaptations to these toxins.
    Evolution 09/2013; 67(9):2753-61. DOI:10.1111/evo.12152 · 4.66 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cardiac glycosides inhibit the Na(+),K(+)-ATPase and are used for the treatment of symptomatic heart failure and atrial fibrillation. In human heart three isoforms of Na(+),K(+)-ATPase are expressed: alpha(1)beta(1), alpha(2)beta(1) and alpha(3)beta(1). It is unknown, if clinically used cardiac glycosides differ in isoform specific affinities, and if the isoforms have specific subcellular localization in human cardiac myocytes. Human Na(+),K(+)-ATPase isoforms alpha(1)beta(1), alpha(2)beta(1) and alpha(3)beta(1) were expressed in yeast which has no endogenous Na(+),K(+)-ATPase. Isoform specific affinities of digoxin, digitoxin, beta-acetyldigoxin, methyldigoxin and ouabain were assessed in [(3)H]-ouabain binding assays in the absence or presence of K(+) (each n=5). The subcellular localizations of the Na(+),K(+)-ATPase isoforms were investigated in isolated human atrial cardiomyocytes by immunohistochemistry. In the absence of K(+), methyldigoxin (alpha(1)>alpha(3)>alpha(2)) and ouabain (alpha(1)=alpha(3)>alpha(2)) showed distinct isoform specific affinities, while for digoxin, digitoxin and beta-acetyldigoxin no differences were found. In the presence of K(+), also digoxin (alpha(2)=alpha(3)>alpha(1)) and beta-acetyldigoxin (alpha(1)>alpha(3)) had isoform specificities. A comparison between the cardiac glycosides demonstrated highly different affinity profiles for the isoforms. Immunohistochemistry showed that all three isoforms are located in the plasma membrane and in intracellular membranes, but only alpha(1)beta(1) and alpha(2)beta(1) are located in the T-tubuli. Cardiac glycosides show distinct isoform specific affinities and different affinity profiles to Na(+),K(+)-ATPase isoforms which have different subcellular localizations in human cardiomyocytes. Thus, in contrast to current notion, different cardiac glycoside agents may significantly differ in their pharmacological profile which could be of hitherto unknown clinical relevance.
    European journal of pharmacology 09/2009; 622(1-3):7-14. DOI:10.1016/j.ejphar.2009.08.039 · 2.68 Impact Factor

Preview

Download
0 Downloads
Available from