Interaction of surfactant protein A with cellular myosin.
ABSTRACT The goal of the current investigation was to characterize, purify, and identify the proteins that bind surfactant protein A (SP-A). Several polypeptides were purified by SP-A affinity chromatography, and the 200 kD major polypeptide that reacted with SP-A on ligand blots was purified further by preparative SDS-PAGE. Protein sequencing of proteolytically derived subfragments of this polypeptide gave sequences that corresponded completely with nonmuscle (cellular) myosin heavy chain. The 200 kD polypeptide was then found to be immunoreactive with antibodies against cellular myosin. A smaller polypeptide of 135 kD also binds SP-A and appears to be a proteolytic fragment of the 200 kD peptide. The ability of SP-A to bind myosin was confirmed in a microtiter well assay and was found to be concentration dependent. We speculated that the physiologic relevance of the interaction of SP-A with myosin might be to facilitate clearance of myosin from the alveolar subphase following its release during lung injury. In support of this hypothesis, we found that there were detectable levels of myosin in lavage fluid and that SP-A could indeed enhance uptake and degradation of myosin by alveolar macrophages.
- SourceAvailable from: Zvjezdana Chroneos[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Mass spectrometric characterization of the surfactant protein A (SP-A) receptor 210 (SP-R210) led to the identification of myosin (Myo) XVIIIA and nonmuscle myosin IIA. Antibodies generated against the unique C-terminal tail of MyoXVIIIA revealed that MyoXVIIIA, MyoIIA, and SP-R210 have overlapping tissue distribution, all being highly expressed in myeloid cells, bone marrow, spleen, lymph nodes, and lung. Western blot analysis of COS-1 cells stably transfected with either MyoXVIIIA or MyoIIA indicated that SP-R210 antibodies recognize MyoXVIIIA. Furthermore, MyoXVIIIA but not MyoIIA localized to the surface of COS-1 cells, and most importantly, expression of MyoXVIIIA in COS-1 cells conferred SP-A binding. Western analysis of recombinant MyoXVIIIA domains expressed in bacteria mapped the epitopes of previously derived SP-R210 antibodies to the neck region of MyoXVIIIA. Antibodies raised against the neck domain of MyoXVIIIA blocked the binding of SP-A to macrophages. Together, these findings indicate that MyoXVIIIA constitutes a novel receptor for SP-A.Journal of Biological Chemistry 11/2005; 280(41):34447-57. · 4.65 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Mycoplasma pneumoniae infections represent a major primary cause of human respiratory diseases, exacerbate other respiratory disorders, and are associated with extrapulmonary pathologies. Cytadherence is a critical step in mycoplasma colonization, aided by a network of mycoplasma adhesins and cytadherence accessory proteins which mediate binding to host cell receptors. Furthermore, the respiratory mucosa is enriched with extracellular matrix components, including surfactant proteins, fibronectin, and mucin, which provide additional in vivo targets for mycoplasma parasitism. In this study we describe interactions between M. pneumoniae and human surfactant protein-A (hSP-A). Initially, we found that viable M. pneumoniae cells bound to immobilized hSP-A in a dose- and calcium (Ca(2+))-dependent manner. Mild trypsin treatment of intact mycoplasmas reduced binding markedly (80 to 90%) implicating a surface-associated mycoplasma protein(s). Using hSP-A-coupled Sepharose affinity chromatography and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, we identified a 65-kDa hSP-A binding protein of M. pneumoniae. The presence of Ca(2+) enhanced binding of the 65-kDa protein to hSP-A, which was reduced by the divalent cation-chelating agent, EDTA. The 65-kDa hSP-A binding protein of M. pneumoniae was identified by sequence analysis as a novel protein (MPN372) possessing a putative S1-like subunit of pertussis toxin at the amino terminus (amino acids 1 to 226), with the remaining amino acids (227 to 591) exhibiting no homology with other subunits of pertussis toxin, other known toxins, or any reported proteins. Recombinant MPN372 (MPN372) bound to hSP-A in a dose-dependent manner, which was markedly reduced by preincubation with mouse recombinant MPN372 antisera. Also, adherence of viable M. pneumoniae cells to hSP-A was inhibited by recombinant MPN372 antisera, demonstrating that MPN372, a previously designated hypothetical protein, is surface exposed and mediates mycoplasma attachment to hSP-A.Infection and Immunity 06/2005; 73(5):2828-34. · 4.07 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Surfactant proteins A (SP-A) and D (SP-D), both members of the collectin family, play a well established role in apoptotic cell recognition and clearance. Recent in vitro data show that SP-A and SP-D interact with apoptotic neutrophils in a distinct manner. SP-A and SP-D bind in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner to viable and early apoptotic neutrophils whereas the much greater interaction with late apoptotic neutrophils is Ca(2+)-independent. Cell surface molecules on the apoptotic target cells responsible for these interactions had not been identified and this study was done to find candidate target molecules. Myeloperoxidase (MPO), a specific intracellular defense molecule of neutrophils that becomes exposed on the outside of the cell upon apoptosis, was identified by affinity purification, mass-spectrometry and western blotting as a novel binding molecule for SP-A and SP-D. To confirm its role in recognition, it was shown that purified immobilised MPO binds SP-A and SP-D, and that MPO is surface-exposed on late apoptotic neutrophils. SP-A and SP-D inhibit binding of an anti-MPO monoclonal Ab to late apoptotic cells. Fluorescence microscopy confirmed that anti-MPO mAb and SP-A/SP-D colocalise on late apoptotic neutrophils. Desmoplakin was identified as a further potential ligand for SP-A, and neutrophil defensin as a target for both proteins.Protein & Cell 06/2010; 1(6):563-72. · 3.22 Impact Factor