Interaction of surfactant protein A with cellular myosin.

Department of Physiology, University of California, San Francisco.
American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology (Impact Factor: 4.11). 01/1995; 11(6):692-700. DOI: 10.1165/ajrcmb.11.6.7946398
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The goal of the current investigation was to characterize, purify, and identify the proteins that bind surfactant protein A (SP-A). Several polypeptides were purified by SP-A affinity chromatography, and the 200 kD major polypeptide that reacted with SP-A on ligand blots was purified further by preparative SDS-PAGE. Protein sequencing of proteolytically derived subfragments of this polypeptide gave sequences that corresponded completely with nonmuscle (cellular) myosin heavy chain. The 200 kD polypeptide was then found to be immunoreactive with antibodies against cellular myosin. A smaller polypeptide of 135 kD also binds SP-A and appears to be a proteolytic fragment of the 200 kD peptide. The ability of SP-A to bind myosin was confirmed in a microtiter well assay and was found to be concentration dependent. We speculated that the physiologic relevance of the interaction of SP-A with myosin might be to facilitate clearance of myosin from the alveolar subphase following its release during lung injury. In support of this hypothesis, we found that there were detectable levels of myosin in lavage fluid and that SP-A could indeed enhance uptake and degradation of myosin by alveolar macrophages.

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