Interleukin-6 is an autocrine growth factor for murine lung fibroblast subsets
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a pleiotropic cytokine having several functions, including the regulation of immunologic and inflammatory responses. It is produced by many cell types, including lymphocytes, macrophages, and fibroblasts, and is believed to play a major role in pulmonary fibrosis, a condition resulting from expansion of the fibroblast compartment and the accumulation of extracellular matrices secreted primarily by fibroblasts. Production of IL-6 by lung fibroblasts has been well documented; however, it was not known whether all murine lung fibroblasts secreted IL-6 or only subsets thereof. Previous studies in our laboratory have shown that murine lung fibroblasts can be divided into subpopulations based on Thy 1 expression. These subpopulations, Thy 1+ and Thy 1-, differ in morphology, expression of surface markers, and function. IL-6 mRNA was detected in both Thy 1+ and Thy 1- murine fibroblasts and clones using reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Interestingly, semi-quantitative RT-PCR and Northern blot analysis demonstrated that IL-6 mRNA was down-regulated in confluent fibroblast cultures versus cultures in log phase growth. Also, IL-6 activity was detected in the supernatants of murine lung fibroblast lines and clones using an IL-6-dependent hybridoma assay. Hybridoma proliferation was inhibited by the addition of a neutralizing anti-mouse IL-6 antibody, indicating that the activity was indeed due to IL-6. The lung fibroblasts expressed IL-6 receptors on their surface as determined by flow cytometry using a rat anti-mouse IL-6 receptor antibody (15A7).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.