Treatment of symptomatic hepatic cysts by percutaneous instillation of minocycline hydrochloride.

Second Department of Internal Medicine, Yamagata University School of Medicine, Japan.
Digestive Diseases and Sciences (Impact Factor: 2.26). 12/1994; 39(11):2503-9. DOI: 10.1007/BF02087673
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Nine patients with 16 symptomatic nonneoplastic congenital hepatic cysts were treated prospectively by ultrasonically guided percutaneous minocycline hydrochloride injection, and the usefulness of this treatment was evaluated. Seven of the patients had multiple hepatic cysts, and two solitary cysts. All the patients were women, ranging in age from 36 to 81 years. After cystic fluid had been aspirated with a 21-gauge PTC needle, minocycline hydrochloride was injected into all the cysts. The minocycline hydrochloride was dissolved in saline at a concentration of 200 mg in 9 ml, and mixed with 1 ml of 2% mepivacaine hydrochloride. The total quantity of minocycline hydrochloride injected varied from 100 mg to 1200 mg per hepatic cyst, depending on its size. Total or subtotal regression of the cysts was observed in all patients during follow-up periods ranging from 15 to 35 months. Seven patients became symptom-free, one showed symptom reduction, and one showed no change in symptoms. Minor side effects, eg, transient abdominal pain, slight right shoulder pain, and temperature elevation, were noted in three patients respectively. On the basis of these results, we conclude that ultrasonically guided percutaneous minocycline hydrochloride injection is useful for the treatment of symptomatic hepatic cysts.

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