Prevalence and correlates of AIDS-related behavioral intentions among urban minority high school students.
ABSTRACT Using data from a cross-sectional survey of 926 predominantly black and Hispanic ninth through twelfth graders in three New York City public high schools, the explanatory power of theoretically and empirically derived predictors (i.e., demographic, contextual, and cognitive) of intentions to engage in sexual intercourse, to be sexually monogamous, to use condoms during intercourse, and to ascertain intercourse partners' sexual and drug-use histories was compared. One-third of sampled students "definitely" intended to have sexual intercourse in the next year, one-half "definitely" intended to be sexually monogamous, two-thirds "definitely" intended to use condoms during intercourse, and three-quarters "definitely" intended to ascertain intercourse partners' sexual and drug-use histories. In a predictive model including all investigated variables, those variables derived from the cognitive set (i.e., beliefs about susceptibility to getting AIDS, and beliefs about barriers, self-efficacy, norms, and values pertaining to AIDS-preventive actions) were most strongly associated with the four investigated behavioral intentions. However, certain variables derived from the demographic set (i.e., age, gender, race/ethnicity) and contextual set (i.e., previous behavioral involvement, cues, academic failure, substance use) also contributed explained variance to all four intentions.