Psychological distress among survivors of burn injury: the role of outcome expectations and perceptions of importance.
ABSTRACT This study examined factors associated with psychologic distress among survivors of burn injury. The study tested hypotheses derived from Scheier and Carver's model of behavioral self-regulation and focused on two primary predictor variables: expectations concerning rehabilitative outcomes and the importance attached to those outcomes. The study used a cross-sectional research design. Two hundred sixteen people who had sustained major or moderate thermal burn injuries within 2 years of study entry served as subjects. Data were collected via mailed questionnaire and chart review. Consistent with study hypotheses, we found that participants who had low expectations for further improvement but who attached high importance to the need for improvement exhibited the most psychologic distress. Study findings lend support to Scheier and Carver's model and suggest that application of this model within the context of burn rehabilitation may increase our understanding of the rehabilitation process. Directions for future theory-based research are discussed.
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of outcome likelihood, outcome value, and outcome expectancy using data collected from students in secondary school physical education classes. Dependent measures were examined for construct, concurrent, and predictive validity, as well as internal and temporal reliability. The results of the investigation indicated the following. First, confirmatory factor analyses for the dependent variables (outcome likelihood, outcome value, outcome expectancy) revealed a suitable fit of the data with a hypothesized factor structure. Second, significant associations between these variables and other personal beliefs and values provided sound evidence for the concurrent validity of outcome likelihood, outcome value, and outcome expectancy. Third, results of regression analyses revealed that outcome likelihood and outcome value had strong predictive validity in predicting physical activity behaviors. Finally, the internal reliabilities of self-report scales for the outcome likelihood, outcome value, and outcome expectancy over a three-semester period were satisfactory. The temporal reliabilities were also acceptable.Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science 07/2011; 15:155-167. DOI:10.1080/1091367X.2011.590083
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ABSTRACT: Documentation of burn sequelae can be a difficult and time-consuming task. To date a reliable and systematic format for recording postburn trauma is lacking. The purpose of this research was two-fold: first, to develop a Modified Inventory of Potential Reconstructive Needs from the original Inventory of Potential Reconstructive Needs to allow methodical documentation of functional and cosmetic burn sequelae in all body surface areas of children with burns and, second, to establish interrater reliability and concurrent validity of the instrument, thus allowing its clinical application. Two raters scored the Modified Inventory of Potential Reconstructive Needs on 41 children with a range of burns types and severity. Excellent interrater reliability was demonstrated for both total (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.996) and subsection inventory scores. Concurrent validity was also established with total scores showing strong positive correlations (0.73-0.76) with three indicators of burn severity. These findings provide initial support for the tool's clinical applicability, particularly in relation to rehabilitative planning and documentation.Journal of Burn Care & Rehabilitation 03/2001; 22(2):154-62. DOI:10.1097/00004630-200103000-00013 · 2.42 Impact Factor
Article: IPRC Publications 1987-2002