[Initial prognostic factors of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage].
ABSTRACT The purpose of this retrospective study is to explain, using a total of 210 consecutive patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, the survival by several prognostic factors measured at the admission time. A multivariate analysis using the Cox proportional hazards model allowed one to recognize five prognostic factors: secondary arterial hypertension (risk ratio (RR) = 1.8; p = 0.03), the Hunt and Hess grade-3 (RR = 3.3; p = 0.002), the Hunt and Hess grade-4 (RR = 7.3; p = 0.007), and the hunt and Hess grade-5 (RR = 5.8; p = 0.03), the Fisher grade-3 (RR = 2; p = 0.01), and the Fisher grade-4 (RR = 2; p = 0.001). The determination of a prognostic score for each patient (using the coefficients of selected prognostic factors) allowed one to establish 3 prognostic stages with survival probabilities significantly different (p = 0.00005); stage-1; survival rate after 150 days (SR) = 97 %, confidence interval of 95 % (CI) = [0.90; 0.99], stage-2: SR = 66 %, CI = [0.56; 0.74], stage-3; SR = 34 %, CI = [0.17; 0.54]. The relative death risk for the stage-2 was 14 times higher than that for stage-1 (p = 0.00005), and the relative death risk for the stage-3 was 36 times higher than that for stage-1 (p = 0.00005). The age, the essential arterial hypertension, the sex and the angiographic classification of George have no prognostic value. The rebleeding incidence was correlated with prognostic stages (respectively from stage-1 to the stage-3: 8 %, 14 %, 34 %).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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ABSTRACT: The two most commonly used aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage grading scales are the Hunt and Hess and World Federation of Neurological Societies scales. Neither has achieved universal acceptance, however, owing to concerns regarding either subjectivity or lack of correlation with outcomes, respectively. A grading scale based entirely on the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) was recently proposed. We have prospectively evaluated the GCS grading system and compared it with the Hunt and Hess and World Federation of Neurological Societies scales for predictive accuracy. Data from 1532 consecutive patients with intracranial aneurysms admitted to our institution between January 1991 and June 2005 were analyzed. The Glasgow Outcome Scale was the primary outcome measure. Mortality and length of stay were secondary measures. The scales were evaluated using simple and multivariable logistic and linear regression. Receiver operating characteristic curves were used to assess predictive accuracy for the Glasgow Outcome Scale. Prognostic factors were assessed with ordinal multivariable logistic regression. The GCS grading system was most strongly associated with all outcome measures and was the strongest predictor of mortality and persistent vegetative state. Age, vasospasm, hydrocephalus, and intracranial hematoma were found to be significant prognostic elements. The GCS grading system is more strongly associated with outcomes than either the Hunt and Hess or World Federation of Neurological Societies scales, and it is an equivalent to a slightly better predictor of Glasgow Outcome Scale outcomes. Its simplicity, proven inter-rater reliability, and wide level of familiarity among health care personnel render the GCS grading system a superior grading scale for aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage severity, warranting its consideration for universal use.Neurosurgery 09/2008; 63(2):204-10; discussion 210-1. · 2.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Neurological hypertensive emergencies cause significant morbidity and mortality. Most occur in the setting of ischaemic stroke, spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), or subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), but other causes relate to hypertensive encephalopathy and reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS). Prompt and controlled reduction of blood pressure (BP) is necessary, although there remains uncertainty as to the optimal rate of decline and ideal antihypertensive agent. There is probably no single treatment strategy that covers all neurological hypertensive emergencies. Prompt diagnosis of the underlying disorder, recognition of its severity, and appropriate targeted treatment are required. Lack of comparative-effectiveness data leaves clinicians with limited evidence-based guidance in management, although significant developments have occurred recently in the field. In this article, we review the management of specific neurological hypertensive emergencies, with particular emphasis on recent evidence.Current Hypertension Reports 06/2014; 16(6):436. · 3.90 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Hypertension is a well-known risk factor for the development and rupture of cerebral aneurysms. The authors conducted a study to investigate the prognostic value of admission blood pressure (BP) on prognosis in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Two hundred patients with SAH were divided into two groups according to Hunt Hess score (good prognosis: 1 to 3, and poor prognosis: 4 and 5) and according to death in hospital (surveyed and died). The prognostic factors of SAH and BP changes according to Hunt Hess scores in the acute stages of the event were evaluated. Admission mean arterial BP values of the patients who died in hospital were significantly lower than in the patients who were surveyed (P=.026). The admission mean arterial BP values were found to be lower in the poor prognostic patients (Hunt Hess score of 4 and 5) (P<.001). Decreased admission BP values were found to be associated with poor prognosis and mortality.Journal of Clinical Hypertension 10/2013; 15(10):737-741. · 2.36 Impact Factor