Article

Emotional disability days: prevalence and predictors.

Department of Mental Hygiene, Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Md 21205.
American Journal of Public Health (Impact Factor: 4.23). 09/1994; 84(8):1304-7. DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.84.8.1304
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study considered days missed from work or usual activities for emotional reasons associated with a range of specific psychopathologic disorders, psychosocial distress, and persons found to be asymptomatic. Analyses were performed with the presence or absence of emotional disability days as the dependent variable using logistic regression. The effects of specific mental disorders were compared with the effects of chronic physical conditions for labor force participants and for the total population. The odds ratio (and 95% confidence interval) for subjects with major depressive disorder was 27.8 (6.93, 108.96); for panic disorder, 21.1 (2.25, 198.44); and for schizophrenia, 17.8 (1.73, 182.99). Work-place adjustments for persons with psychopathology are encouraged.

Full-text

Available from: Anthony C Kouzis, May 26, 2015
0 Followers
 · 
91 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We use a time-based system to help organize, summarize, and analyze research on employee absenteeism published in the last 20 years (1977–1996). Although what is known about some mid-term (4–12 month) origins of absence-taking has been greatly clarified and expanded, less is known about long-term (> 12 months) and short-term (1 day-3 months) origins, or about how causes in different time frames relate to each other. Poor performance and “neglectful” behaviors serve as reliable offshoots of absenteeism. The long- and short-term etiology of the latter behaviors is unclear, but their shared variance in the mid-term reflects negative job attitudes. Outcomes of absenteeism have received much less research attention. Although mid-term consequences such as reduced performance, turnover, and organizational expense are well-established, little is known about short- and long-term effects of absence-taking on individuals and their social environments. We conclude with suggestions for more explicit consideration of time frames, causal lags, and aggregation periods in the next decades of absenteeism research.
    Journal of Management 01/1998; 24(3):305-350. DOI:10.1016/S0149-2063(99)80064-6 · 6.86 Impact Factor
  • Social work research 12/2006; 30(4):223-232. DOI:10.1093/swr/30.4.223 · 0.88 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Several lines of research on human and rodent subjects have demonstrated that early-life stress results in multiple negative outcomes, including increased incidence of psychopathologies. The current study sought to further the research on adolescent versus adult rats on anxiety-like reactions to chronic stress. The purpose of the current study was to assess whether 7 days of chronic restraint stress (20 minutes/day) results in higher anxiety-like profiles on the elevated plus maze and increased stress-induced neuroendocrine adaptations in adolescent versus adult rats. This type of research is critical for the prevention and treatment of psychopathologies stemming from early-life stress/maltreatment. There were no significant differences in anxiety-like behavior on the elevated plus maze or between age groups on neuroendocrine measures of stress. However, non-significant trends were observed in the anticipated directions, such that adolescent stressed rats spent less time on the open arms of the elevated plus maze. Implications and suggestions for future research are discussed.