Hepatitis A in French hemophiliacs.
ABSTRACT The prevalence of serum antibodies to hepatitis A virus (HAV) in 793 hemophilia A (HA) and 89 hemophilia B (HB) patients coming from 10 French Hemophilia Centers and treated since 1986-1987 with solvent/detergent (SD)-treated products is reported. The results indicated seropositivity to HAV of 29.9% in HA and 40.4% in HB patients. There was no difference among the patients according to severity of the disease, HIV serology or administration of factor VIII during the last 12 months. Seropositivity increased with age from 5.2% in HA children to 42.4% in adults (in HB the respective prevalences in the same groups were 7.7% and 56.1%). When compared to normal controls (n = 585), the prevalence of HAV seropositivity was not excessive in HA patients (n = 206). 19/20 children exclusively treated with a very-high-purity SD-factor VIII concentrate (Centre régional de transfusion sanguine, Lille) remained HAV seronegative. Six cases of HAV contamination were reported in patients with severe HA, probably reflecting the level of HAV endemy in the normal population in France. No special risk of HAV transmission linked to the SD products used in France since 1986 had thus been identified.
- Transfusion Medicine Reviews 02/2000; 14(1):64-73. · 3.76 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In the early nineties, the occurrence of hepatitis A outbreaks in some patients with haemophilia in some countries led French health authorities to recommend hepatitis A virus (HAV) vaccination in HAV-seronegative haemophiliacs. The French 'Suivi thérapeutique National des Hémophiles' cohort permitted to assess the implementation of this recommendation by the analysis of the vaccinal process, i.e. HAV seropositivity assessment and vaccination of HAV-seronegative patients, in a survival approach. In a subgroup of 812 patients diagnosed earlier than 1990 (prevalent cohort), the implementation of vaccinal process increased quickly from 0% in 1993 to 41.8% in 1994 and to 71.2% in 1996, suggesting a 'notification effect'. The vaccinal process was associated to three cofactors in a Cox model analysis (age, severity of haemophilia, centre of treatment). No infection was observed during the survey in this group. In another subgroup of 201 boys born since 1993 (incident cohort), 27.5% and 15.4% patients remained exposed to the risk at 3 and 5 years from diagnosis respectively, again with a 'centre effect', which might be linked to various factors such as regain in confidence for products or economic reasons. Only five infectious seroconversions were assessed over the 7-year survey, which represents 14.5 cases per 1000 person-year incidence without any relationship with products. Our data combined with the contemporary hepatitis A epidemiology and the current safety of anti-haemophilic concentrates, should lead to a new assessment of the risk of hepatitis A in haemophiliacs. We suggest that among patients with bleeding disorder, as well as in other populations, HAV prevention policy might be stressed on those who already suffer from chronic liver disease and/or travel in endemic countries.Haemophilia 12/2007; 13(6):712-21. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: There are common risk factors between hepatitis A virus (HAV) and human immuno deficiency virus (HIV) infections. We tried to evaluate if HIV-infected patients could be at risk for HAV. More over, HAV could worsen prognosis of HIV infection and HAV vaccination was then to be considered. Thus we assessed the prevalence and risk factors of HAV infection in an HIV-infected population. Seroprevalence and risk factors for HAV were studied among 154 HIV-positive patients followed in a Parisian hospital (mean age: 42 years, male patients: 70.8%, female patients: 29.2%). They were screened for HAV antibodies and answered a questionnaire on risk factors for HAV and means of HIV contamination. The global prevalence was 72.7% [IC95%: 65.7-79.7]. We excluded patients who were born in highly endemic areas where seroprevalence reached 60% [IC95%: 51.2-70]. The HAV seroprevalence was almost 100% in migrants from highly endemic countries and for those born before 1946. The multivariate analysis showed that risk factors were the geographic origin [OR=20.88; IC95%: 2.40-181], age [OR = 2.33; IC95%: 1.24-4.39], and hemophilia [OR = 13.78; IC95%: 1.34-141]. Our results suggest that a screening test for HAV antibodies should be performed before vaccination, especially in HIV-infected patients born after 1946 or in non-endemic countries.MÃ©decine et Maladies Infectieuses 03/2005; 35(2):73-81. · 0.75 Impact Factor