Antibodies to neutrophil cytoplasm in Italian patients with ulcerative colitis: sensitivity, specificity and recognition of putative antigens.
ABSTRACT We studied the prevalence of perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (p-ANCA), as detected by immunofluorescence, in 290 Italian subjects. One hundred and two were affected by ulcerative colitis, 48 by Crohn's disease, 40 by gluten-sensitive enteropathy and 100 were normal subjects. The prevalence of p-ANCA was significantly higher in ulcerative colitis patients (45.1%) as compared to Crohn's disease patients (4.8%), gluten-sensitive enteropathy (0%) and normal subjects (1%; p < 0.0001 ulcerative colitis vs. all other groups). In this setting, the overall specificity of the test was 98.1% with a sensitivity of 45.1%. The specificity slightly decreased to 95.1% when ulcerative colitis patients were compared to patients with Crohn's colitis. In our series, p-ANCA appeared to be more prevalent in ulcerative colitis patients with more aggressive disease. ELISA experiments performed in order to identify the putative antigen(s) recognized by p-ANCA-positive sera showed that 8 of 12 sera positive at immunofluorescence reacted with at least one of the neutrophil preparations tested. The reactivities were directed towards various neutrophil preparations. Preabsorption with the specific antigen recognized by ELISA significantly inhibited the p-ANCA immunofluorescence reactivity indicating that p-ANCA reactivity might derive from the recognition of heterogeneous neutrophil-associated antigens.
Article: Value of a new automated fluorescence immunoassay (EliA) for PR3 and MPO-ANCA in monitoring disease activity in ANCA-associated systemic vasculitis.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The value of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) detection for monitoring disease activity in ANCA-associated systemic vasculitis (AASV) remains controversial. The aim of our work was to rate the performance of a new automated fluorescence PR3 and MPO-ANCA immunoassay (EliA) for monitoring disease activity in AASV. We evaluated 100 serum samples from 71 AASV patients (with Wegener's granulomatosis, microscopic polyangiitis, and Churg-Strauss syndrome) as well as sera from 58 pathological and 35 normal controls. In addition to PR3 and MPO-ANCA EliA, we performed indirect immunofluorescence and "homemade" PR3 and MPO-ANCA ELISA tests. In AASV patients, ANCA levels were correlated with disease activity, according to the Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score (BVAS). We derived cutoff limits from receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis comparing AASV with pathological controls. Our results showed that EliA and ELISA had comparable sensitivity (76%) and specificity (95%). The analysis of active versus inactive status and correlation with ANCA levels showed a clear difference between BVAS Group I (score < or = 4) and BVAS Group II (scores > 4) (AUC = 0.86 vs. 0.72; relative risk [RR] = 2.4; P < 0.0001) for PR3-ANCA, but not for MPO-ANCA (AUC = 0.94 vs. 0.87; RR = 1.48; P = 0.46). Serial serum samples from 16 patients were examined in detail. For the majority of patients, for both PR3 and MPO-ANCA, change in titer was strongly associated with change in BVAS score. Our data showed a good correlation between ANCA titer (especially for PR3) and AASV disease activity. We recommend that ANCA titer be used to monitor AASV disease activity with the caveat that a few exceptions, in particular with MPO-ANCA, are possible.Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 06/2005; 1050:185-92. · 3.15 Impact Factor
Article: HLA antigens and anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) in inflammatory bowel disease.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: the hypothesis of this study is that genes involved in the regulation of the immune system, expressed by HLA antigens and anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA), could be determinants of disease susceptibility and behavior in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). seventy patients with a diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease, 46 with ulcerative colitis and 24 with Crohn"s disease were included. HLA class I (A and B) and II (DR) antigens were studied by serological techniques. Detection of ANCA was carried out in all patients by an indirect immunofluorescence method. The relative frequencies of HLA antigens were compared with a control group made up of 156 blood donors. The control group for the ANCA study was made up of 100 individuals. we found a significant increased frequency of HLA-DR2 in patients with ulcerative colitis. No significant differences were found between patients with Crohn"s disease and controls regarding HLA typing. We detected a significant increase of HLA-DR3 in extensive forms of ulcerative colitis. Detection of ANCA was positive in 46% of the patients with ulcerative colitis and in 12% of the patients with Crohn"s disease (p <0.05). We observed an increased frequency of ANCA in patients with UC and HLA-DR2 (p = 0.15). the association found between HLA-DR3 and extensive forms of ulcerative colitis provides evidence of genetic heterogeneity. The relationship between ANCA and HLA phenotype (although not significant) supports this concept.Revista espanola de enfermedades digestivas: organo oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Patologia Digestiva 11/2003; 95(11):760-4, 755-9. · 1.55 Impact Factor