Surgical treatment of acute biceps tendon ruptures with a suture anchor.
ABSTRACT Fixation of acute proximal and distal biceps tendon ruptures can be facilitated by the use of suture anchors. Originally designed for open Bankart procedures, suture anchors provide adequate fixation for soft tissue healing, limit the extent of dissection, reduce the incidence of frozen shoulder and damage to neurovascular structures and allow early postoperative rehabilitation. Four consecutive patients were successfully treated by this method with a minimum follow-up period of 1 year.
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to report the results of a single limited-incision technique for repair of acute distal biceps ruptures by use of suture anchors. Sixty consecutive patients underwent distal biceps repair after an acute rupture between January 1997 and January 2001 by use of a limited antecubital incision and suture anchors. Fifty-three patients could be evaluated at a mean follow-up of 38.1 months. A limited transverse incision was made in the antecubital fossa. The retracted biceps tendon end was identified, retrieved, and lightly debrided. Two suture anchors were placed in the radial tuberosity, and the tendon was reapproximated. Final follow-up consisted of physical examination, radiographs, and Andrews-Carson elbow score tabulations. According to the Andrews-Carson scores, there were 46 excellent and 7 good results. In 2 patients, heterotopic ossification developed that resulted in a mild loss of forearm rotation and mild pain. In 1 patient, a temporary radial nerve palsy developed, which resolved completely within 8 weeks. Repair of acute distal biceps tears via a limited antecubital incision and suture anchors is a safe, effective technique.Journal of shoulder and elbow surgery / American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons ... [et al.] 01/2007; 16(1):78-83. · 1.93 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The EndoButton technique of distal biceps tendon repair provides strong biomechanical fixation. This strength of fixation may allow earlier postoperative range of motion (ROM). A retrospective review of 15 male patients undergoing single incision EndoButton repairs was used. Six subjects participated in conventional supervised postoperative rehabilitation while nine subjects were allowed unrestricted ROM after 2 weeks. Final ROM, time to full ROM, and Disabilities of Arm Shoulder and Hand (DASH) scores were compared. There was a significant difference for time to full ROM (p < 0.05). The mean time to full ROM was 8.67 weeks for the supervised therapy group and 4.38 weeks for the unrestricted group. There were no reruptures in either group. There were no significant differences in final ROM or DASH scores. These data suggest that unrestricted ROM results in a quicker return to full ROM without an increased risk of rerupture.Hand 10/2008; 3(4):316-9.
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ABSTRACT: Posterior interosseous nerve palsy is a recognized complication of 2-incision distal biceps tendon repair. We hypothesize that intraoperative forearm pronation can cause compression of the posterior interosseous nerve beneath the supinator and arcade of Frohse. Six human male cadaver upper extremities were dissected. Pressure on the posterior interosseous nerve beneath the arcade of Frohse and supinator was measured with a Swan-Ganz catheter connected to a pressure transducer. Pressure was significantly elevated in maximal pronation in all specimens with the elbow in both flexion and extension. Pressures at full pronation were significantly higher than pressures measured at 60 degrees of pronation (5 +/- 2 mm Hg in 60 degrees of pronation and 90 degrees of flexion, P < .0001; 7 +/- 3 mm Hg in 60 degrees of pronation and extension, P < 005). Maximal pronation can cause increased pressure on the posterior interosseous nerve. The safety of 2-incision distal biceps repair may be increased by avoiding prolonged, uninterrupted periods of hyperpronation.Journal of shoulder and elbow surgery / American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons ... [et al.] 01/2009; 18(1):64-8. · 1.93 Impact Factor