CT-guided neurolytic splanchnic nerve block with alcohol.
ABSTRACT Over a 3-year period, neurolytic abdominal visceral sympathectomy was performed bilaterally with 15 ml of alcohol solution (14 ml of alcohol and 1 ml of contrast material) through each needle under CT guidance to relieve upper abdominal or back pain in 27 cancer patients. Using the CT monitor, our intention was to achieve splanchnic nerve neurolysis rather than celiac plexus neurolysis. After determining the trajectory for needle placement on the CT image at the L1 level, the needles were inserted bilaterally with a simple guide apparatus. The needle tips were successfully positioned in the retrocrural space in 48 (83%) of 54 insertions. Pain was substantially relieved in 20 of 21 patients receiving bilateral splanchnic nerve neurolysis. Tissue pressure was significantly higher after alcohol injection when the needle tips were located in the retrocrural space than when they were placed in the anterocrural space. CT images after alcohol injection revealed antero- and posterocrural spread in 11 of 21 patients who received bilateral splanchnic nerve neurolysis. It was speculated that the alcohol spread through the aortic hiatus or gaps of the diaphragmatic crura. No neurologic complications were encountered. It is concluded that CT guided alcohol splanchnic nerve neurolysis is an effective treatment for upper abdominal cancer pain, and that 15 ml of alcohol solution through each needle is enough for splanchnic nerve neurolysis.
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ABSTRACT: Nerve blocks are an attractive interventional therapy in pain medicine. Several image guidance methods are available to secure the safety, accuracy, and selectivity of the nerve block. Computed tomography (CT) guidance provides a clear view of the vital viscera and vessels that should be avoided by the needle, and accurate placement of the needle tip before neuro-destructive procedures. A recent advance in CT technology is multi-slice CT fluoroscopy, which allows for rapid and easy correction of needle tip placement during insertion. To reduce the radiation dose for both patients and staff, the lowest radiation setting, intermittent quick-check fluoroscopy, and shortening of the planning scan should be used. Preliminary CT scanning with excellent spatial resolution may facilitate the application of CT fluoroscopic guidance to various types of nerve blocks. Here we review celiac plexus and splanchnic nerve blocks, trigeminal nerve block, neurolytic sympathectomy, and spinal intervention performed under CT guidance. Additional large-scale studies are needed to optimize the use of image guidance, especially CT fluoroscopy guidance, for nerve blocks.Journal of Anesthesia 07/2013; · 0.87 Impact Factor
- Pain 01/1995; 60(2):233-234. · 5.64 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Celiac and splanchnic plexus blocks are considered as terminal approaches for pain control in end stage pancreatic cancer. It may be done temporarily (using local anesthetics) or as a permanent act (using alcohol and/or phenol). Like every other interventional procedure, celiac plexus block has its own potential complications and hazards among them pneumothorax and ARDS are very rare. In this case report we present an end stage patient with adenocarcinoma of ampulla of Vater with involvement of both abdomen and thorax who presented with severe intractable abdominal pain. Bilateral celiac plexus block in this patient resulted in left side pneumothorax and subsequent development of ARDS. We discuss the rare complications of celiac plexus block as well.Tanaffos 01/2012; 11(2):54-7.