Client outcomes II: Longitudinal client data from the Colorado treatment outcome study.
ABSTRACT The outcomes of a reform of the Denver mental health system, cosponsored by the state and the RWJF, are contrasted with changes in a comparison area of the state. The study examines the structural characteristics of the mental health system, staff attitudes and satisfaction, and client-reported services and outcome. Results indicate that, in Denver, structural changes, the introduction of new services, and an intervening financial crisis increased worker dissatisfaction. Client reports documented parallel changes in the following variables: continuity of care, unmet need for case management services, frequency of symptoms, and satisfaction with services. The reform had no impact, however, on most quality-of-life indicators. The possibly adverse consequences of centralizing the system and the indirect influences of system integration on quality of life are discussed.
SourceAvailable from: Michael GearhartPediatric Innovation Summit, Cleveland, OH; 06/2015
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ABSTRACT: This study examines the reliability and validity of the Portuguese version of the Empowerment Scale (ES) to be used in the community/psychosocial mental health field. Authors also reviewed the properties of the development and cross-cultural adaptation of the ES. Because mental health services are required to encourage empowerment and recovery-oriented interventions, adequate empowerment-oriented outcome measures are needed to evaluate services and study interventions across countries. The current research was part of a larger research project with 213 participants. A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted to observe the ES's construct-related validity, and a reliability analysis for internal consistency. The ES concurrent validity with the recovery and psychiatric symptoms measures was also assessed using the Pearson's correlation coefficient. The CFA supported the five-factor configuration for the refined model of measure as satisfactory. The Portuguese version of the ES presented an overall satisfactory reliability (α = .79) and was positively correlated with personal recovery (r = .71) and inversely with psychiatric symptoms (r = -.22). The overall scale was considered reliable and valid to be used by Portuguese researchers and practitioners to evaluate empowering interventions in mental health services. Furthermore, in the effort to increase ES construct-related validity, this article suggests further improvements to enhance the empowerment measure.International Journal of Mental Health Systems 11/2014; DOI:10.1186/1752-4458-8-48 · 1.06 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The delivery of primary care to homeless individuals with mental health conditions presents unique challenges. To inform healthcare improvement, we studied predictors of favorable primary care experience among homeless persons with mental health conditions treated at sites that varied in degree of homeless-specific service tailoring. This was a multi-site, survey-based comparison of primary care experiences at three mainstream primary care clinics of the Veterans Administration (VA), one homeless-tailored VA clinic, and one tailored non-VA healthcare program. Persons who accessed primary care service two or more times from July 2008 through June 2010 (N = 366) were randomly sampled. Predictor variables included patient and organization characteristics suggested by the patient perception model developed by Sofaer and Firminger (2005), with an emphasis on mental health. The primary care experience was assessed with the Primary Care Quality-Homeless (PCQ-H) questionnaire, a validated survey instrument. Multiple regression identified predictors of positive experiences (i.e. higher PCQ-H total score). Significant predictors of a positive experience included a site offering tailored service design, perceived choice among providers, and currently domiciled status. There was an interaction effect between site and severe psychiatric symptoms. For persons with severe psychiatric symptoms, a homeless-tailored service design was significantly associated with a more favorable primary care experience. For persons without severe psychiatric symptoms, this difference was not significant. This study supports the importance of tailored healthcare delivery designed for homeless persons’ needs, with such services potentially holding special relevance for persons with mental health conditions. To improve patient experience among the homeless, organizations may want to deliver services that are tailored to homelessness and offer a choice of providers.PLoS ONE 02/2015; 10(2). DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0117395 · 3.53 Impact Factor