Nutrition, genital tract infection, hematologic values, and premature rupture of membranes among African American Women.

Department of Human Development, School of Education, Howard University, Washington, D.C. 20059.
Journal of Nutrition (Impact Factor: 4.2). 07/1994; 124(6 Suppl):987S-993S.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Using a prospective comparative design, African American gravidae with and without genital tract infection were assessed with respect to dietary intakes, serum nutrient values, hematologic values, and pregnancy outcomes. Intakes of ascorbic acid, vitamin A, protein, and iron were the dietary variables while levels of ascorbic acid, protein, albumin, globulin, and ferritin were the variables measured in serum. The hematologic variables included hemoglobin, hematocrit, and red and white blood cell counts. Pregnancy outcome was defined on the basis of premature rupture of the membranes (PROM), and infant birth weight, birth length, gestational age, and head circumference. The sample consisted of 335 nulliparous women who were between 16-35 years of age, 96 of whom had genital tract infection based on laboratory reports. Findings indicated no significant differences between the mean dietary intakes as well as serum values of the infected and non-infected women, and no difference in the incidence of PROM. However, non-infected women had a better mean hematologic profile than the infected gravidae during pregnancy. Also, for the non-infected group, there were significant relationships between head circumference and protein consumption (P = .015) and serum ferritin (P = .05). For the infected women, the relationship between the hemoglobin and hematocrit measurements obtained at the first prenatal visit and infant birth weight, birth length and head circumference were statistically significant.

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    Journal of Nutrition 10/2007; 137(9):1997-8. · 4.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bacterial vaginosis (BV), a condition of altered vaginal flora, is associated with various adverse reproductive health outcomes. We evaluated the association between diet and the presence of BV in a subset of 1521 women (86% African-American) from a larger study of vaginal flora. Participants completed the Block Food Questionnaire and clinical assessments and self-report measures of sexual and hygiene behavior. A total of 42% of the women were classified as having BV (Nugent score > or = 7). Severe BV (Nugent score > or = 9 and vaginal pH > or = 5) was present in 14.9% of the women. BV was associated [adjusted OR (AOR)] with increased dietary fat (1.5, 1.1-2.4) after adjusting for other energy nutrients and behavioral and demographic covariates. Severe BV was associated with total fat (2.3, 1.3-4.3), saturated fat (2.1, 1.2-3.9), and monounsaturated fat (2.2, 1.2-4.1). Energy intake was only marginally associated (P = 0.05) with BV (1.4, 1.0-1.8). There were significant inverse associations between severe BV and intakes of folate (0.4, 0.2-0.8), vitamin E (0.4, 0.2-0.8), and calcium (0.4, 0.3-0.7). We conclude that increased dietary fat intake is associated with increased risk of BV and severe BV, whereas increased intake of folate, vitamin A, and calcium may decrease the risk of severe BV.
    Journal of Nutrition 10/2007; 137(9):2128-33. · 4.20 Impact Factor


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