The diagnosis of primary hyperparathyroidism most often results from the incidental finding of hypercalcemia. In two recent cases of osteitis fibrosa cystica (OFC), however, patients without adequate access to health care served as graphic reminders that the clinical spectrum of the disease includes bone disease, and that OFC can be the presenting manifestation of long-standing primary hyperparathyroidism. Both patients complained of bone pain and had widespread osteolytic bone lesions in addition to hypercalcemia on a multitest biochemical panel. The presumptive diagnosis of malignancy with bone involvement (metastatic cancer or multiple myeloma) led to random bone marrow trephine biopsies. Examination of the bone marrow biopsy material revealed the characteristic pathology of OFC, leading to appropriate diagnosis and surgical management of large parathyroid adenomas in both patients.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Brown tumors represent the terminal stage of the remodeling processes during primary or secondary hyperparathyroidism. During the last three decades primary hyperparathyroidism has been recognized much more commonly and the increase has generally been attributed to the routine determination of calcium by new automated methods and the advent of new and more objective parathyroid hormone radioimmunoassay techniques. Early diagnosis and successful treatment of the disease have made clinical evidence of bone disease uncommon. While, the mandible is the most frequently involved bone in the head and neck region, maxillary involvement is extremely rare. A case of brown tumor on the maxilla associated with primary hyperparathyroidism is reported. This patient presented multiple skeletal lesions, which are uncommonly seen nowadays. The diagnosis was suggested by the clinical history and confirmed by biochemical, radiological and histopathological determinations. Excision of a parathyroid adenoma normalized the metabolic status. Excision of the maxillary mass led both histopathological confirmation of the disease and early masticator rehabilitation.
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