Article

PsaL subunit is required for the formation of photosystem I trimers in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803.

Division of Biology, Kansas State University, Manhattan 66506-4901.
FEBS Letters (Impact Factor: 3.58). 01/1994; 336(2):330-4. DOI: 10.1016/0014-5793(93)80831-E
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT When membranes of the wild type strain of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 were solubilized with detergents and fractionated by sucrose-gradient ultracentrifugation, photosystem I could be obtained as trimers and monomers. We could not obtain trimers from the membranes of any mutant strain that lacked PsaL subunit. In contrast, absence of PsaE, PsaD, PsaF, or PsaJ did not completely abolish the ability of photosystem I to form trimers. Furthermore, PsaL is accessible to digestion by thermolysin in the monomers but not in the trimers of photosystem I purified from wild type membranes. Therefore, PsaL is necessary for trimerization of photosystem I and may constitute the trimer-forming domain in the structure of photosystem I.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
59 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Oxygenic photosynthesis supports virtually all life forms on earth. Light energy is converted by two photosystems-photosystem I (PSI) and photosystem II (PSII). Globally, nearly 50% of photosynthesis takes place in the Ocean, where single cell cyanobacteria and algae reside together with their viruses. An operon encoding PSI was identified in cyanobacterial marine viruses. We generated a PSI that mimics the salient features of the viral complex, named PSI(PsaJF). PSI(PsaJF) is promiscuous for its electron donors and can accept electrons from respiratory cytochromes. We solved the structure of PSI(PsaJF) and a monomeric PSI, with subunit composition similar to the viral PSI, providing for the first time a detailed description of the reaction center and antenna system from mesophilic cyanobacteria, including red chlorophylls and cofactors of the electron transport chain. Our finding extends the understanding of PSI structure, function and evolution and suggests a unique function for the viral PSI. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.01496.001.
    eLife Sciences 01/2013; 3:e01496. · 8.52 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Plants produce an immense variety of specialized metabolites, many of which are of high value as their bioactive properties make them useful as for instance pharmaceuticals. The compounds are often produced at low levels in the plant, and due to their complex structures, chemical synthesis may not be feasible. Here, we take advantage of the reducing equivalents generated in photosynthesis in developing an approach for producing plant bioactive natural compounds in a photosynthetic microorganism by functionally coupling a biosynthetic enzyme to photosystem I. This enables driving of the enzymatic reactions with electrons extracted from the photosynthetic electron transport chain. As a proof of concept, we have genetically fused the soluble catalytic domain of the cytochrome P450 CYP79A1, originating from the endoplasmic reticulum membranes of Sorghum bicolor, to a photosystem I subunit in the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002, thereby targeting it to the thylakoids. The engineered enzyme showed light-driven activity both in vivo and in vitro, demonstrating the possibility to achieve light-driven biosynthesis of high-value plant specialized metabolites in cyanobacteria.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(7):e102184. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Oxygenic photosynthesis is driven by photosystems I and II (PSI and PSII, respectively). Both have specific antenna complexes and the phycobilisome (PBS) is the major antenna protein complex in cyanobacteria, typically consisting of a core from which several rod-like subcomplexes protrude. PBS preferentially transfers light energy to PSII, whereas a PSI-specific antenna has not been identified. The cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. PCC 7120 has rod-core linker genes (cpcG1-cpcG2-cpcG3-cpcG4). Their products, except CpcG3, have been detected in the conventional PBS. Here we report the isolation of a supercomplex that comprises a PSI tetramer and a second, unique type of a PBS, specific to PSI. This rod-shaped PBS includes phycocyanin (PC) and CpcG3 (hereafter renamed "CpcL"), but no allophycocyanin or CpcGs. Fluorescence excitation showed efficient energy transfer from PBS to PSI. The supercomplex was analyzed by electron microscopy and single-particle averaging. In the supercomplex, one to three rod-shaped CpcL-PBSs associate to a tetrameric PSI complex. They are mostly composed of two hexameric PC units and bind at the periphery of PSI, at the interfaces of two monomers. Structural modeling indicates, based on 2D projection maps, how the PsaI, PsaL, and PsaM subunits link PSI monomers into dimers and into a rhombically shaped tetramer or "pseudotetramer." The 3D model further shows where PBSs associate with the large subunits PsaA and PsaB of PSI. It is proposed that the alternative form of CpcL-PBS is functional in harvesting energy in a wide number of cyanobacteria, partially to facilitate the involvement of PSI in nitrogen fixation.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 02/2014; 111(7):2512-7. · 9.81 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
10 Downloads
Available from
May 21, 2014