Factors affecting hair regrowth after bone marrow transplantation.
ABSTRACT Permanent alopecia after BMT has been reported as a side-effect associated with GVHD or after busulphan conditioning therapy, primarily in adults. We have reviewed children undergoing BMT to document the frequency of incomplete hair regrowth and to evaluate factors associated with this problem. Hair regrowth was studied in 74 children who survived > 6 months following BMT undertaken for malignant and non-malignant diseases. Alopecia was categorised as severe (< 50% of pre-transplant status), moderate (50-75%) or mild (> 75% but less than normal). Overall, 18 (24.3%) of 74 patients had mild (n = 5), moderate (n = 4) or severe (n = 9) alopecia. Risk factors for alopecia were presence of chronic GVHD (67%; p < 0.001), older age (p < 0.001) and prior cranial irradiation (42%; p = 0.03). Alopecia occurred in children receiving either busulphan (31%) or total body irradiation (16%; p = 0.15) as conditioning therapy. The highest frequency was seen in patients conditioned with busulphan with or without melphalan and who received prior cranial irradiation and/or developed chronic GVHD (75%). These data indicate that alopecia after BMT in children is a significant problem and confirm, in children, the previously noted association between alopecia and chronic GVHD and busulphan. Further risk factors of older age and prior cranial irradiation are identified. Consideration needs to be given to the use of an alternative to busulphan in children who are of older age, have received prior cranial irradiation and/or are at increased risk of GVHD.
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ABSTRACT: Chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a major complication after allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Not only is it the major cause of late mortality in HSCT patients, but it also accounts for significant morbidity. Much of the literature on chronic GVHD has focused on adults. Chronic GVHD is of major importance in children, especially since they have years to live following the complications of chronic GVHD and its therapy. The goal is to review incidence, manifestations, and therapies, especially when applicable to the paediatric population.British Journal of Haematology 08/2010; 150(3):278-92. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2141.2010.08247.x
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ABSTRACT: Solid organ transplant recipients (OTRs) have an increased incidence of skin cancer, resulting in significant morbidity and mortality post-transplantation. Chemoprevention strategies are focused on reducing and delaying the development of skin cancer in these patients. Although systemic retinoids are widely used in OTRs, few randomized controlled trials have been performed. Limited data suggest that acitretin may have a beneficial role in high-risk OTRs. Since rebound flares occur upon discontinuation of retinoids, chemoprevention should be viewed as a lifelong therapy. Further studies are required to establish the efficacy and long-term safety of systemic retinoids as chemopreventive agents for high-risk transplant recipients.Skin therapy letter 15(7):1-4.
- Cancer Nursing 01/1997; 19(6):455-64; quiz 465-8.